Posterior and anterior epidural and intradural migration of the sequestered intervertebral disc: Three cases and review of the literature.

Conclusion/clinical relevance: Posterior and anterior epidural, and intradural disc migration may manifest with clinical symptoms indistinguishable from those associated with non-sequestered lumbar disc hernias. Missed, migrated disc fragments can be implicated as a cause of low back pain, radiculopathy or cauda equina syndrome, especially in the absence of visible disc herniation. A high index of suspicion needs to be maintained in those cases with unexplained and persistent symptoms and/or no obvious disc herniation on MR images. PMID: 32130089 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

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Abstract Achilles tendon rupture is an increasingly common problem with an aging population participating in high-level physical activities. Appropriate treatment has been debated for decades, but good outcomes have been reported after conservative and surgical management. The development of minimally invasive surgical techniques for Achilles repair has reduced the incidence of complications and maintained the high level of function reported after open surgery. The Achilles Midsubstance SpeedBridge repair is a newer minimally invasive technique that has demonstrated promising results and is the authors' preferred ...
Source: The Orthopedic Clinics of North America - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Orthop Clin North Am Source Type: research
Conclusions: The data suggest that there is not a meaningful association between crouch gait and knee pain. Having patella alta was associated with pain. Further studies that use validated pain questionnaires are needed to understand the multifactorial etiology of knee pain within ambulatory individuals with CP. Level of Evidence: Level III—case-control study.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Cerebral Palsy Source Type: research
Conclusion: There are several risk factors for subsequent contralateral SCFE. On the basis of the available data, younger patients with a high PSA of the unaffected hip would most likely benefit from prophylactic fixation of the unaffected hip. Level of Evidence: Level II.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Hip Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to identify depression using the Mental Component Score (MCS-12) of the Short Form-12 (SF-12) survey and to correlate with patient outcomes. Summary of Background Data. The impact of preexisting depressive symptoms on health-care related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes following lumbar spine fusion is not well understood. Methods. Patients undergoing lumbar fusion between one to three levels at a single center, academic hospital were retrospectively identified. Patients under the age of 18 years and those undergoing surgery for infection, trauma, tumor, or revision, and less than 1-ye...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CLINICAL CASE SERIES Source Type: research
Conclusion. Although intent-to-treat analysis failed to show significant differences in patients treated surgically, results of the as-treated analysis determined statically greater improvements in those patients with spondylolisthesis who were treated surgically as compared to those treated nonoperatively. Level of Evidence: 2
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: LITERATURE REVIEW Source Type: research
Conclusion. Ten years after its inception, SPORT has made strides in standardization and optimization of treatment for spinal pathologies. SPORT has provided clinicians with insight about outcomes of surgical and nonoperative treatment of IDH. Results showed significantly greater improvements in patients treated surgically. Level of Evidence: 3
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: LITERATURE REVIEW Source Type: research
Conclusion. Ten years after its inception, SPORT has made strides in standardization and optimization of treatment for spinal pathologies. SPORT has provided clinicians with insight about outcomes of surgical and nonoperative treatment of spinal stenosis. Results showed significantly greater improvement through 4 year follow up in those patients that received surgical treatment, however the difference between the surgical and nonsurgical groups diminished at 8 year follow up. Level of Evidence: 3
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: LITERATURE REVIEW Source Type: research
Study Design. Retrospective, database review. Objective. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between preoperative opioid use and postoperative infection requiring operative wound washout in elective lumbar fusion patients. Summary of Background Data. Numerous peer-reviewed publications have conducted multivariate analyses of risk factors for surgical site infection. However, few have explored preoperative opioid use. Opioids have been widely prescribed preoperatively for pain management, but their effect on postsurgical infection is currently inconclusive. Methods. We retrospectively queried...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: SURGERY Source Type: research
Purpose of review Refractive surgery is one of the most popular elective procedures performed in the world. Given that dry eye is a common complaint following keratorefractive surgery, evaluation, and treatment of periocular conditions that further predispose the patient to dry eye symptoms is an important part of the presurgical assessment. Periocular conditions and surgeries can also affect the ocular surface and keratometry, and should be addressed. For example, ptosis, orbital fat herniation, ectropion, and eyelid masses have been shown to induce corneal topography changes and astigmatism. The oculoplastic considerat...
Source: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: REFRACTIVE SURGERY: Edited by Jimmy K. Lee Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 June 2020Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive GynecologyAuthor(s): Paolo CASADIO, Giampietro GUBBINI, Mario FRANCHINI, Ciro MORRA, Maria Rita TALAMO, Giulia MAGNARELLI, Roberto PARADISI, Pasquale FLORIO, Renato SERACCHIOLI
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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