Diabetes outcomes differ by type of bariatric surgery

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass linked to better diabetes outcomes and weight loss compared with gastric sleeve Related items fromOnMedica Surgery a better option for obese diabetics Type 2 diabetes in 10 times more young people than realised Keep off lost weight for continued cardiometabolic benefit Diabetes drug use during pregnancy affects child's weight Vegan diet may help blood sugar control
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news

Related Links:

Clinical practice guidelines on diabetes mellitus and pregnancy: Ι. Pre-existing type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Hormones (Athens). 2020 May 15;: Authors: Anastasiou E, Farmakidis G, Gerede A, Goulis DG, Koukkou E, Kourtis A, Mamopoulos A, Papadimitriou K, Papadopoulos V, Stefos T Abstract Women with type 1 (T1DM) or type 2 diabetes (T2DM) diagnosed prior to pregnancy are classified as having pre-existing diabetes mellitus (DM). The prevalence of hyperglycemia in pregnancy has been estimated at 17% globally and 5.4% in Europe, differences existing among racial and ethnic groups, following the...
Source: Hormones - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Hormones (Athens) Source Type: research
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as impaired glucose tolerance recognized during pregnancy. GDM is associated with metabolic disorder phenotypes, such as obesity, low-grade inflammation, and insulin resistance. Following delivery, nearly half of the women with a history of GDM have persistent postpartum glucose intolerance and an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), as much as 7-fold. The alarming upward trend may worsen the socioeconomic burden worldwide. Accumulating evidence strongly associates gut microbiota dysbiosis in women with GDM, similar to the T2DM profile. Several metagen...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Metformin therapy in pregnancy [Zastosowanie metforminy w ciąży]. Endokrynol Pol. 2020;71(2):184-195 Authors: Krupej-Kędzierska J, Cichocka E, Kędzierski L, Okopień B, Gumprecht J Abstract Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), i.e. a carbohydrate metabolism disorder at pregnancy, is one of the most common metabolic complications that occur during this period. Pancreatic b-cell dysfunction and insulin resistance during pregnancy are considered the main causes of the condition. It is currently estimated that GDM is confirmed in 1-25% of patients. Diagnosis and appropriate management allow to reduce ...
Source: Endokrynologia Polska - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Endokrynol Pol Source Type: research
Abstract Human health and environmental risks are increasing following air pollution associated with vehicular and industrial emissions in which particulate matter is a constituent. The purpose of this review was to assess studies on the health effects and mortality induced by particles published for the last 15 years. The literature survey indicated the existence of strong positive associations between fine and ultrafine particles' exposure and cardiovascular, hypertension, obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus, cancer health risks, and mortality. Its exposure is also associated with increased odds of hypertensive...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research
The aim of this work was to evaluate metabolic changes during pregnancy within the polygenic NZO mouse model and if it is a suitable one for the human disease. NZO mice showed early alterations in glucose homeostasis and insulin secretion, but no overt diabetes. Interestingly, the preconceptionally impaired glucose tolerance did not deteriorate during gestation despite a proliferation defect of Langerhans islets. AbstractGestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a complex metabolic disease involving genetic and environmental factors. Recent studies have underlined its heterogeneity, so it is reasonable to divide patients into...
Source: Physiological Reports - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Conclusion Compared with lean individuals, mothers with obesity and DM have relative deficiencies in insulin exposure. The patterns observed in mothers with obesity and diabetes were similar highlighting the importance of the maternal metabolic environment in obesity and suggesting obese patients warrant further clinical focus. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: American Journal of Perinatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tags: SMFM Fellows Research Series Source Type: research
Authors: Kawasaki M, Arata N, Sakamoto N, Osamura A, Sato S, Ogawa Y, Yasuhi I, Waguri M, Hiramatsu Y Abstract For women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), the evaluation of glucose tolerance (GT) in the early postpartum period is universally recommended. Nevertheless, few studies have evaluated the risk factors for T2DM on the basis of GT data obtained during the early postpartum period. We aimed to identify the risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by evaluating GT in the first 12 weeks postpartum (12wPP) in women with GDM and to categorize the risk using a combination of the principal risk fact...
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
Indigenous populations worldwide have a high prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D),[1] and early age of onset.[2] The causes of increased rates of T2D are likely multiple and complex. However, social determinants of health appear to be associated with differences in prevalence across populations, including in youth.[3] The prevalence of T2D is directly related to the prevalence of obesity which is also influenced by social determinants of health. Understanding the relationship between social determinants of health and neonatal adiposity may inform early life interventions to improve metabolic health.
Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractAims/hypothesisObesity during pregnancy increases offspring type 2 diabetes risk. Given that nearly half of women of child-bearing age in many populations are currently overweight/obese, it is key that we improve our understanding of the impact of the in utero/early life environment on offspring islet function. Whilst a number of experimental studies have examined the effect of maternal obesity on offspring islet architecture and/or function, it has not previously been delineated whether these changes are independent of other confounding risk factors such as obesity, postnatal high-fat-feeding and ageing. Thus, we ...
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Molecules, Vol. 25, Pages 202: 8-Oxo-7,8-Dihydro-2′-Deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) and 8-Hydroxy-2′-Deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) as a Potential Biomarker for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) Development Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules25010202 Authors: Sandra K. Urbaniak Karolina Boguszewska Michał Szewczuk Julia Kaźmierczak-Barańska Bolesław T. Karwowski The growing clinical and epidemiological significance of gestational diabetes mellitus results from its constantly increasing worldwide prevalence, obesity, and overall unhealthy lifestyle among women of childbearing age. Oxidative stress seems to ...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
More News: Bariatric Surgery | Cardiology | Children | Diabetes | Diabetes Type 2 | Diets | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Endocrinology | Gastric Bypass | Gastroenterology | Heart | Nutrition | Obesity | Pregnancy | Sugar | UK Health | Vegan | Weight Loss