Pediatric APS: State of the Art.

Pediatric APS: State of the Art. Curr Rheumatol Rep. 2020 Mar 03;22(3):9 Authors: Soybilgic A, Avcin T Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this report is to review recent research findings on APS in children and neonates. RECENT FINDINGS: European evidence-based recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of pediatric APS has recently been published by the SHARE Initiative. Recent studies have shown a high prevalence of non-thrombotic manifestations in children with aPL, domains 4/5 specificity of 'innocent' anti-β2GPI antibodies in infants, and a higher risk for developmental delays and learning disabilities, hence, the need for neurodevelopmental monitoring in children born to mothers with APS. An International effort on creating a new diagnostic criteria for APS is underway. Pediatric APS is a rare disease with significant differences from the APS in adults. Majority of the children with persistently positive aPL do not develop thrombotic events; however, relatively higher proportion of thrombosis in children is related to aPL positivity compared to adults; this may partly be due to the absence of common pro-thrombotic "second-hit" risk factors of adults such as atherosclerosis and cigarette smoking. Diagnosis of APS in children may be delayed or missed when adult APS criteria are used, because in pediatric APS, non-thrombotic clinical manifestations such as thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia, and neurological disorders such...
Source: Epilepsy Curr - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Curr Rheumatol Rep Source Type: research

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The adoption of interventions for infants and young children with disabilities/delays or at risk of disability/delay is likely to be influenced by sources other than research evidence. Where the available research evidence does influence the choice of intervention, there may be difficulties translating research that has been implemented in a controlled environment to an intervention that can be successfully applied in natural settings. Such settings include the family home as well as early childhood education and care centers. Incentives for the use of evidence-based interventions in early intervention settings include imp...
Source: Infants and Young Children - Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research
The National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) was introduced in Australia in 2013 to address the inadequacies of a fragmented and underfunded service system for people with disabilities. For young children with developmental disabilities, NDIS services fall under the early childhood early intervention (ECEI) approach, the impact of which is yet to be documented. Considering the critical role of families in supporting their children with a disability, the aim of the present study was therefore to examine their experiences of the ECEI approach in the State of Victoria. Seventeen parents participated in interviews and focus...
Source: Infants and Young Children - Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research
Authors: Tomiyama H, Shiina K Abstract The brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (brachial-ankle PWV), which is measured simply by wrapping pressure cuffs around the four extremities, is a simple marker to assess the stiffness of the medium- to large- sized arteries. The accuracy and reproducibility of its measurement have been confirmed to be acceptable. Risk factors for cardiovascular disease, especially advanced age and high blood pressure, are reported to be associated with an increase of the arterial stiffness. Furthermore, arterial stiffness might be involved in a vicious cycle with the development/progression o...
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
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