Functional connectivity of the anterior insula associated with intolerance of uncertainty in youth.

Functional connectivity of the anterior insula associated with intolerance of uncertainty in youth. Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci. 2020 Mar 02;: Authors: DeSerisy M, Musial A, Comer JS, Roy AK Abstract Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) is a trait characteristic marked by distress in the face of insufficient information. Elevated IU has been implicated in the development and maintenance of anxiety disorders, particularly during adolescence, which is characterized by dramatic neural maturation and the onset of anxiety disorders. Previous task-based work implicates the bilateral anterior insula in IU. However, the association between anterior insula intrinsic functional connectivity (iFC) and IU has not been examined in adolescents. Fifty-eight healthy youth (mean age = 12.56; 55% boys) completed the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale for Children (IUSC-12) and a 6-minute resting state fMRI scan. Group-level analyses were conducted using a random-effects, ordinary least-squares model, including IUSC-12 scores (Total, Inhibitory subscale, Prospective subscale), and three nuisance covariates (age, sex, and mean framewise displacement). IUSC-12 Inhibitory subscale scores were predictive of iFC between the left and right anterior insula and right prefrontal regions. IUSC-12 Prospective subscale scores significantly predicted iFC between the anterior insula and the anterior cingulate cortex. IUSC-12 total scores did not predict significant iFC of the bilateral anterior...
Source: Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci Source Type: research

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AbstractIntroductionPrenatal maternal distress has a negative impact on the course of pregnancy, fetal development, offspring development, and later psychopathologies. The study aimed to determine the extent to which the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID ‐19) pandemic may aggravate the prenatal distress and psychiatric symptomatology of pregnant women.Material and methodsTwo cohorts of pregnant volunteer women were evaluated, one that was recruited before the COVID ‐19 pandemic (n = 496) through advertisements in prenatal clinics in Quebec, Canada, from April 2018 to March 2020; the other (n = 1258) w...
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
AbstractAimResponses to health anxiety include avoidance and reassurance-seeking behaviors. We tested the hypothesis that avoidance would be associated with less healthcare use and reassurance seeking with more healthcare use.Subjects and methodsParticipants ’ (n = 395) complete measures of health anxiety behaviors, healthcare use in the previous 12 months (outpatient visits, emergency room visits, urgent care visits, number of doctors, number of scans, number of blood tests), and health anxiety intensity as a covariate.ResultsOur hypothesis was partially supported, as reassurance seeking was assoc...
Source: Journal of Public Health - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
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Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: LETTER TO EDITOR Source Type: research
Regional efforts to control the spread of COVID-19 have so far proven successful. Image Credit: Pacific CommunityBy William W. EllisTORONTO, May 29 2020 (IPS) By now, the impact of COVID19 on our daily lives has been well documented, especially in advanced economies. Anxiety about the future continues to grow everywhere. Much of the corporate news coverage we consume has focused on the toll this pandemic will take on mainland countries. Often neglected, however, is the unique position Pacific Island States find themselves in. Globally, there are close to 6 million confirmed cases of COVID19. According to the Pacific Commu...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Climate Change Economy & Trade Featured Financial Crisis Global Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies Labour Multimedia Podcast TerraViva United Nations Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) Source Type: news
Conclusion: The findings of this study will exert evidence to judge whether or not HQNI is effective on anxiety and depression in patients with CHFM. Registration number: INPLASY202040069.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Systematic Review Source Type: research
While things appear to be slowly opening up again in many parts of the world, many people continue to feel hesitant to leave their homes, fearful of exposure to COVID-19. The resulting sense of isolation, depression, and anxiety are keeping mental health hotlines busy. Without sounding too rosy, is there the possibility of extracting something positive from the turn inward that circumstances are now offering? A telephone survey of 818 Hong Kong residents of age 18-60 during the SARS epidemic in 2003 offers glimmers of hope.  Researchers have reported in the Journal of Infection (August, 2006) that over 60% of respond...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Communication Depression Friends Happiness Inspiration & Hope Mindfulness Psychology Relationships Self-Help Friendship Optimism social distancing Social Isolation Source Type: blogs
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Source: International Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
I once taught a private childbirth education series to a couple in their home. The mom-to-be was excited and eager to learn about her progressing pregnancy, labor and birth, and the importance of postpartum support. Her husband, on the other hand, wasn’t engaged at all. He’d impatiently walk in and out of the room as if the conversation didn’t pertain to him. During the scant few moments he actually joined his wife on the couch, it was abundantly clear that his text messages were far more important to him than anything we were discussing.   At first, I thought that the subject matter might be freakin...
Source: Cord Blood News - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tags: parents pregnancy Source Type: blogs
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Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research
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Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Danio rerio Source Type: research
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