An APC Mutation in a Large Chinese Kindred With Familial Adenomatous Polyposis Was Identified Using Both Next Generation Sequencing and Simple STR Marker Haplotypes

ConclusionWe described a protein truncation mutation, APC: p.W553X; demonstrated the value of APC-linked STR markers (D5S299, D5S134, and D5S346) haplotypes; and suggested the potential role of these haplotypes in detecting loss of heterozygosity of the APC gene.
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

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Abstract The development of colorectal cancer (CRC) is a multistep process initiated by a benign polyp that has the potential to evolve into in situ carcinoma through the interactions between environmental and genetic factors. CRC incidence rates are constantly increased for young adult patients presenting an advanced tumor stage. The majority of CRCs arise from colonic adenomas originating from aberrant cell proliferation of colon epithelium. Endoscopic polypectomy represents a tool for early detection and removal of polyps, although the occurrence of cancers after negative colonoscopy shows a significant inciden...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Casitas B-lineage lymphoma (c-Cbl) is a recently identified ubiquitin ligase of nuclear β-catenin and a suppressor of colorectal cancer (CRC) growth in cell culture and mouse tumor xenografts. We hypothesized that reduction in c-Cbl in colonic epithelium is likely to increase the levels of nuclear β-catenin in the intestinal crypt, augmenting CRC tumorigenesis in an adenomatous polyp osis coli (APCΔ14/+) mouse model. Haploinsufficient c-Cbl mice (APCΔ14/+ c-Cbl+/−) displayed a significant (threefold) increase in atypical hyperplasia and adenocarcinomas in the small and large intestines; however,...
Source: American Journal of Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: GASTROINTESTINAL, HEPATOBILIARY, AND PANCREATIC PATHOLOGY Source Type: research
In this study, ApcMin/+ intestinal adenoma mice were generated on TLR4-sufficient and TLR4-deficient backgrounds to investigate the carcinogenic effect of TLR4 in mouse gut by comparing mice survival, peripheral blood cells, bone marrow haematopoietic precursor cells and numbers of polyps in the guts of ApcMin/+ WT and ApcMin/+ TLR4-/- mice. The results revealed that TLR4 had a critical role in promoting spontaneous intestinal tumorigenesis. Significant differential genes were screened out by the high-throughput RNA-Seq method. After combining these results with KEGG enrichment data, it was determined that TLR4 might promo...
Source: J Cell Mol Med - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: J Cell Mol Med Source Type: research
Cosmeri Rizzato1, Javier Torres2, Elena Kasamatsu3, Margarita Camorlinga-Ponce2, Maria Mercedes Bravo4, Federico Canzian5 and Ikuko Kato6* 1Department of Translation Research and of New Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy 2Unidad de Investigación en Enfermedades Infecciosas, Unidades Médicas de Alta Especialidad Pediatría, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Mexico City, Mexico 3Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud, National University of Asunción, Asunción, Paraguay 4Grupo de Investigación en Biología del C&aacut...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusions The current review reports recent epidemiological and experimental data supporting the bright future of dietary polyphenols as chemopreventive, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and anticancer agents in CRC (Figure 1). The polyphenol-rich diet not only may represent a chemopreventive treatment but also has important function on immune system by promoting symbiont and commensal bacterial populations, increases reciprocal interaction between host and microbiota which in turn have important effects on immune function Evidence underlines the use of polyphenols as sensitizers of chemo/radiotherapies paving the w...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract In humans, the dysfunction of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene causes hereditary familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). The severity of polyposis varies between individuals, but genetic basis for this is in large part unknown. This variability also occurs in our porcine model of FAP, based on an APC1311 mutation (orthologous to human APC1309). Since loss of TAP1 function can lead to CRC in humans, we searched for germline polymorphisms in APC1311/+ pigs with low (LP) and high (HP) levels of polyposis, as well as in wild-type pigs representing six breed...
Source: Animal Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Anim Biotechnol Source Type: research
ConclusionOur present study emphasizes the importance of a novel approach of the gene panel ‐based high‐throughput sequencing technology for easy and rapid screening for patients with FAP or CRC which will help the clinician for follow‐up and management.
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Abstract Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a hereditary predisposition to formation of colon polyps that can progress to colorectal cancer (CRC). The severity of polyposis varies substantially within families bearing the same germline mutation in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumour suppressor gene. The progressive step-wise accumulation of genetic events in tumour suppressor genes and oncogenes leads to oncogenic transformation, with driver alterations in the tumour protein p53 (TP53) gene playing a key role in advanced stage CRC. We analysed groups of pigs carrying a truncating mutation in APC (APC1...
Source: J Appl Genet - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: J Appl Genet Source Type: research
Authors: Pang M, Liu Y, Hou X, Yang J, He X, Hou N, Liu P, Liang L, Fu J, Wang K, Ye Z, Gong B Abstract Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), an autosomal dominant disease, is a colon cancer predisposition syndrome that manifests as a large number of adenomatous polyps. Mutations in the Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene are responsible for the majority of cases of FAP. The purpose of the present study was to report the clinical features of a Chinese family with FAP and screen for novel mutations using the targeted next‑generation sequencing technology. Among the 29 family members, 12 were diagnosed of FAP. Ba...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Individuals with sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) frequently harbor abnormalities in the composition of the gut microbiome; however, the microbiota associated with precancerous lesions in hereditary CRC remains largely unknown. We studied colonic mucosa of patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), who develop benign precursor lesions (polyps) early in life. We identified patchy bacterial biofilms composed predominately of Escherichia coli and Bacteroides fragilis. Genes for colibactin (clbB) and Bacteroides fragilis toxin (bft), encoding secreted oncotoxins, were highly enriched in FAP patients’ colonic muc...
Source: ScienceNOW - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Medicine, Diseases, Microbiology reports Source Type: news
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