Association of Lipid Parameters with the Risk of Chronic Kidney Disease: A Longitudinal Study Based on Populations in Southern China

Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research

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Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent to which metabolic and inflammatory changes are associated with renal damage beyond conventional risk factors in a community sample with a high prevalence of obesity in urban South Africa. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, community-based study in 1 010 (n = 872 without diabetes mellitus, DM) randomly selected participants over 16 years of age in an urban, developing community (Soweto, Johannesburg) with a high prevalence of obesity (41.8%). We assessed estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), conventional risk factors including adiposity indices, and metabo...
Source: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiovasc J Afr Source Type: research
Adiponectin (APN) is a multi-functional adipokine which sensitizes the insulin signals, stimulates mitochondria biogenesis, and suppresses inflammation. By virtue of these beneficial properties, APN may protect against metabolic syndrome, including obesity and type II diabetes mellitus. Since these diseases are associated with hypoadiponectinemia, it is suggested that loss of function of APN might be involved. In contrast, despite beneficial properties for cardiovascular cells, APN is detrimental in circulatory diseases, including chronic heart failure (CHF) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Notably, such an APN paradox mi...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are worldwide public health problems, affecting up to 25 –30% (NAFLD), and up to 10–15% (CKD) of the general population. Recently, it has also been established that there is a strong association between NAFLD and CKD, regardless of the presence of potential confounding diseases such as obesity, hypertension and type 2 diabetes. Since NAFLD and CKD are both common diseases that often occur alongside other metabolic conditions, such as type 2 diabetes or metabolic syndrome, elucidating the relative impact of NAFLD on the risk of incident C...
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a pathologic condition that encompasses dyslipidaemia, abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, and hypertension [1] and is strongly linked to increasing incidence of chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [2 –4]. The global epidemic of MetS underscores the vital need for more attention to be paid to the prevention and treatment MetS by controlling lifestyles and environmental factors such as manipulation of macro- and micronutrients in dietary patterns, including branch chain amino acids ...
Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
sti R Abstract Protein carbonylation is a marker of oxidative protein damage, that is likely involved in the pathogenesis of several diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protein carbonyl (PC) groups in different clinical conditions. It included different groups of subjects: 81 trained subjects; 23 subjects with mild essential hypertension; 31 middle-aged subjects with metabolic syndrome (MS); 106 subjects with MS not selected for age (subdivided into two subgroups, with and without diabetes mellitus); 91 obese adults subdivided in two subgroups (BMI 30-35 Kg/m2 and BMI > 35 kg/m2); 48 subject...
Source: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Clin Hemorheol Microcirc Source Type: research
Abstract Extracellular vesicle (EV)-based regenerative therapy has shown promising results in preclinical models of renal disease and might be useful for patients with several forms of chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, individuals with CKD often present with comorbidities, including obesity, hypertension, diabetes, or even metabolic syndrome, which may alter the endogenous characteristics and impair the reparative capacity of stem cells and their daughter EVs. This brief review summarizes evidence of alterations in the morphology, cargo, and function of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and MSC-derived EVs in the...
Source: Am J Physiol Renal P... - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Renal Physiol Source Type: research
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