Two Novel Methods for Rapid Detection and Quantification of R882 Mutations in Acute Myeloid Leukemia
DNMT3A mutations represent one of the most frequent gene alterations detectable in acute myeloid leukemia with normal karyotype. Although various recurrent somatic mutations of DNMT3A have been described, the most common mutation is located at amino acid R882 in the methyltransferase domain of the gene. DNMT3A mutations have been reported to be stable during disease progression and are associated with unfavorable outcome in acute myeloid leukemia patients with normal karyotype. Because of their prognostic significance and high stability during disease evolution, DNMT3A mutations might represent highly informative biomarkers for minimal residual disease monitoring.
Conditions: Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML); Cancer Interventions: Drug: Venetoclax; Drug: Azacitidine; Other: Best Supportive Care (BSC) Sponsor: AbbVie Not yet recruiting
Yicheng Ni Cancer remains a major cause of death globally. Given its relapsing and fatal features, curing cancer seems to be something hardly possible for the majority of patients. In view of the development in cancer therapies, this article summarizes currently available cancer therapeutics and cure potential by cancer type and stage at diagnosis, based on literature and database reviews. Currently common cancer therapeutics include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. However, treatment with curative intent by these methods are mainly eligible for patients with localized diseas...
Publication date: 11 November 2019Source: Cancer Cell, Volume 36, Issue 5Author(s): Longchuan Bai, Haibin Zhou, Renqi Xu, Yujun Zhao, Krishnapriya Chinnaswamy, Donna McEachern, Jianyong Chen, Chao-Yie Yang, Zhaomin Liu, Mi Wang, Liu Liu, Hui Jiang, Bo Wen, Praveen Kumar, Jennifer L. Meagher, Duxin Sun, Jeanne A. Stuckey, Shaomeng WangSummarySignal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is an attractive cancer therapeutic target. Here we report the discovery of SD-36, a small-molecule degrader of STAT3. SD-36 potently induces the degradation of STAT3 protein in vitro and in vivo and demonstrates high ...
Conclusion: The study describes cytogenetic and molecular abnormalities observed in adult AML patients and gives an overview of prognostic factors and determine the OS, with comparable results with recent published data by the WHO. PMID: 31707416 [PubMed - in process]
(Helmholtz Zentrum M ü nchen - German Research Center for Environmental Health) For the first time, researchers from Helmholtz Zentrum M ü nchen and the University Hospital of LMU Munich show that deep learning algorithms perform similar to human experts when classifying blood samples from patients suffering from acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Their proof of concept study paves the way for an automated, standardized and on-hand sample analysis in the near future. The paper was published in Nature Machine Intelligence.
s Pabst Amplification and overexpression of the myeloid cell leukemia differentiation protein MCL1 and the murine double minute protein MDM2 have been reported in various human tumors as well as hematological malignancies including acute myeloid leukemia (AML). While MCL1 is an anti-apoptotic member of the BCL-2 family proteins, MDM2 is an important cellular inhibitor of the p53 tumor suppressor. The key oncogene in AML is the FLT3 growth factor receptor gene. FLT3 signaling pathways including the MAPK cascade (RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK) are highly active in AML cells, leading to induced protein translation and cell proliferatio...