5-Methylindole Potentiates Aminoglycoside Against Gram-Positive Bacteria Including Staphylococcus aureus Persisters Under Hypoionic Conditions

In conclusion, our work may pave the way for the development of indole derivatives as adjuvants to potentiate aminoglycosides against gram-positive pathogens.
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

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Publication date: August 2020Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 128Author(s): Mohammad Reza Farahpour, Ehsan Pirkhezr, Ali Ashrafian, Ali Sonboli
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
We present Prokaryotic Expression-profiling by Tagging RNA In Situ and sequencing (PETRI-seq), a high-throughput prokaryotic scRNA-seq pipeline. We demonstrated that PETRI-seq effectively barcoded single bacterial cells in a species-mixing experiment with E. coli (MG1655) and S. aureus (USA300). Within the S. aureus population, we found rare prophage induction in 0.04% of cells. We further demonstrated that PETRI-seq was able to distinguish between E. coli growth phases based on mRNA expression patterns by combining stationary E. coli with exponential E. coli in multiple experiments.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Escherichia coli Staphylococcus aureus Source Type: research
This study is the first report on a non-blue laccase, exhibiting Mn(II)-oxidase activity. Thus, it offers a novel finding of the Mn(II) oxidation processes that can be a valuable way of Mn(II)-mineralization in various metal-polluted environments. PMID: 32443277 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
Combatting antimicrobial resistant (AMR) using a One-Health approach is essential as various bacteria, including Escherichia coli, a common bacteria, are becoming increasingly resistant and livestock may be a reservoir. The AMR gene content of 492 E. coli, isolated from 56 pig farms across Great Britain in 2014–2015, and purified on antibiotic selective and non-selective plates, was determined using whole genome sequencing (WGS). The E. coli were phylogenetically diverse harboring a variety of AMR profiles with widespread resistance to “old” antibiotics; isolates harbored up to seven plasmid Inc-types. No...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study investigated the in vitro antimicrobial activity and heteroresistance risk of Eravacycline (Erava) in clinical E. faecalis isolates from China along with the mechanism of Erava resistance. A total of 276 non-duplicate E. faecalis isolates were retrospectively collected from a tertiary care hospital in China. Heteroresistance to Erava and the influence of tetracycline (Tet) resistance genes on Erava susceptibility were examined. To clarify the molecular basis for Erava resistance, E. faecalis variants exhibiting Erava-induced resistance were selected under Erava pressure. The relative transcript levels of six can...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Shiga toxin is the main virulence factor of non-invasive enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli strains capable of causing hemolytic uremic syndrome. Our group has previously shown that the toxin can reach the kidney within microvesicles where it is taken up by renal cells and the vesicles release their cargo intracellularly, leading to toxin-mediated inhibition of protein synthesis and cell death. The aim of this study was to examine if recipient cells must express the globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) toxin receptor for this to occur, or if Gb3-negative cells are also susceptible after uptake of Gb3-positive and toxin-positive mic...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 March 2020Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics, Volume 243Author(s): Samir Bouchareb, Rachida Doufnoune, Farid Riahi, Hafsa Cherif-Silini, Lassaad BelbahriAbstractGO-Ag nanohybrids have attracted tremendous attention thanks to their several potential properties. In this research work, a new approach was adopted, where Triphenylphosphine (PPh3) was used as a linkage to decorate the surface of Graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets by Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) via a simple method. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy (UV–Vis), X-ray diffraction ana...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
François Chassagne1†, Xinyi Huang1†, James T. Lyles1 and Cassandra L. Quave1,2* 1Center for the Study of Human Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States 2Department of Dermatology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States In the search for new therapeutic solutions to address an increasing number of multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens, secondary metabolites from plants have proven to be a rich source of antimicrobial compounds. Ginkgo biloba, a tree native to China, has been spread around the world as an ornamental tree. Its seeds have been used as snacks and medical mater...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 September 2017 Source:LWT - Food Science and Technology, Volume 83 Author(s): Surya Kant Verma, Shiv Kumar Sood, Ram Krishan Saini, Neha Saini The present study was carried out to enhance shelf life of raw buffalo milk by the use of pediocin PA-1 containing fermented cheese whey (PCFCW) as bio-preservative. Ten distinct genera of milk microbes could be identified as Streptococcus, Enterococcus, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Lactobacillus, Enterobacter, E. coli, Shigella, Candida and Aspergillus. For the production of PCFCW, supplemented cheese whey medium was fermented with Pediococcus pentosaceous NCDC ...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
The World Health Organization is issuing a warning about a group of deadly bacteria: Recently, the WHO released its first-ever list of “priority pathogens,” a list of antibiotic-resistant bacteria that the organization says pose the greatest threat to human health. The list is divided into three categories: critical-, high- and medium-priority. Three pathogens made it into the critical-priority group. These bacteria are resistant to multiple antibiotics and pose a high risk to people in hospitals and nursing homes, the WHO says. Multidrug-resistant bacteria, sometimes called “superbugs,” are a ...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news
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