Validation of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index Short Form (WOMAC-SF) and Its Relevance to Disability and Frailty.

This study aimed to evaluate the validity of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index Short Form (WOMAC-SF) for the assessment of musculoskeletal disorders. We evaluated whether WOMAC-SF correlated with the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 12 (WHODAS-12) and Kaigo-Yobo questionnaires for assessing health-outcomes in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the Namgaram-2 cohort. WOMAC, WOMAC-SF, WHODAS-12, and Kaigo-Yobo questionnaires were administered to patients with musculoskeletal disorders, including radiology-confirmed knee osteoarthritis (RKOA), sarcopenia, and osteoporosis. The relationships among WOMAC-SF, WHODAS-12, and Kaigo-Yobo scores were analyzed by stepwise multiple regression analysis. RESULTS: WOMAC-SF was associated with the WOMAC questionnaire. The results of confirmatory factor analysis for the hypothesized model with two latent factors, pain and function, provided satisfactory fit indices. WOMAC-SF pain and function were associated with RKOA. Kaigo-Yobo was associated with WOMAC-SF pain (B=0.140, p=0.001) and WOMAC-SF function (B=0.042, p=0.004). WHODAS-12 was associated with WOMAC-SF pain (B=0.679, p=0.003) and WOMAC-SF function (B=0.804, p
Source: Yonsei Medical Journal - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Yonsei Med J Source Type: research

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Recent literature suggests that adults do not necessarily develop osteoarthritis if they have an osteochondral lesion of the talus (OLT). The purpose of this study was to determine if children with OLT are at risk to develop any radiographic evidence of early joint degeneration despite treatment efforts. Fifty-six ankles were identified over 6 years with stable OLT that underwent operative treatment. Preoperatively, each lesion was classified according to Berndt-Hardy for radiographs, Hepple for MRI, and Ferkel and Sgaglione for computed tomography. Radiographs were also evaluated for physeal status, OLT characteristics (l...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Leg & Foot Source Type: research
Conclusion: The burden of disease (BD) increased by 1.6% from 1990 to 2015. The main causes were migraine, CVD, and NE. ADD and NSC doubled the DALY in this period. These diseases represent a significant cause of disability attributable to the increase in the life expectancy of our population among other factors. Priority actions should be taken to prevent and treat these causes.RESUMEN Introducci ón: Los indicadores de carga de la enfermedad evalúan el impacto que producen las enfermedades en una población. Integran la mortalidad y discapacidad en un solo indicador. Esto permite fijar prioridades para...
Source: Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 31 May 2020Source: Journal of EthnopharmacologyAuthor(s): Deng Zhihao, Weng Xiaogang, Zhao Yongjiao, Gao Jianen, Yu Dingrong
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: We report the successful management of anesthesia without lethal arrhythmia in a patient with ARVC and an ICD. An adequate amount of analgesia should be administered during general anesthesia to maintain adequate anesthetic depth and to avoid stress and pain. PMID: 32473832 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Rev Bras Anestesiol Source Type: research
The monoclonal interleukin-17A antagonist has three other indications: ankylosing spondylitis in adults, psoriatic arthritis in adults, and plaque psoriasis in adults and children age 6 and older.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Dermatology Headlines - Category: Dermatology Tags: Rheumatology News Source Type: news
Resumo Fundamento M últiplos sistemas de pontuação têm sido elaborados para calcular o risco de eventos cardiovasculares adversos maiores (MACE) em pacientes com dor no peito. Não há dados que avaliem se o escore HEART tem um desempenho superior a TIMI e GRACE para a predição de MACE, especialmente na era de tr oponina I de alta sensibilidade e em uma população exclusivamente latino-americana. Objetivo Comparar o desempenho dos escores HEART, TIMI e GRACE para a predição de MACE em 30 dias de acompanhamento, em pacientes atendidos com dor no...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Resumo Fundamento M últiplos sistemas de pontuação têm sido elaborados para calcular o risco de eventos cardiovasculares adversos maiores (MACE) em pacientes com dor no peito. Não há dados que avaliem se o escore HEART tem um desempenho superior a TIMI e GRACE para a predição de MACE, especialmente na era de tr oponina I de alta sensibilidade e em uma população exclusivamente latino-americana. Objetivo Comparar o desempenho dos escores HEART, TIMI e GRACE para a predição de MACE em 30 dias de acompanhamento, em pacientes atendidos com dor no...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, with study of the frailty syndrome still in its infancy, frailty analysis remains a major challenge. It is a challenge that needs to be overcome in order to shed light on the multiple mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of this syndrome. Although several mechanisms contribute to frailty, immune system alteration seems to play a central role: this syndrome is characterized by increased levels of pro-inflammatory markers and the resulting pro-inflammatory status can have negative effects on various organs. Future studies should aim to better clarify the immune system alteration in frailty, and seek to esta...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Knee osteoarthritis is, like so many chronic pain problems, a bit of a weird one. While most of us learned that osteoarthritis is a fairly benign disease, one that we can’t do a whole lot about but one that plagues many of us, the disability associated with a painful knee is pretty high – and we still don’t have much of a clue about how the pain we experience is actually generated.  Cartilage doesn’t have nociceptive fibres, yet deterioration of cartilage is the hallmark of osteoarthritis, though there are other structures capable of producing nociceptive input around the knee joint. Perhaps, a...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Assessment Pain Pain conditions Research Science in practice biopsychosocial Chronic pain disability pain management rehabilitation treatment Source Type: blogs
I’ve worked in persistent pain management for most of my career. This means I am biased towards pain management. At times this creates tension when I begin talking to clinicians who work in acute or subacute musculoskeletal pain, because they wonder whether what I talk about is relevant to them. After all, why would someone need to know about ongoing management when hopefully their pain will completely go? I have sympathy for this position – for many people, a bout of tendonosis, or a strained muscle or even radicular pain can ebb away, leaving the person feeling as good as new. While it might take a few months...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: ACT - Acceptance & Commitment Therapy Back pain Chronic pain Clinical reasoning Coping strategies Pain conditions Resilience/Health biopsychosocial healthcare pain management rehabilitation Therapeutic approaches Source Type: blogs
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