On the complementarity of DNA barcoding and morphology to distinguish benign endemic insects from possible pests: the case of Dirioxa pornia and the tribe Acanthonevrini (Diptera: Tephritidae: Phytalmiinae) in Australia

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Source: Insect Science - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

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Authors: Meregildo ED Abstract Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a global health problem. In more developed countries, NCC is mainly a disease affecting immigrants. In developing countries, NCC is the most common parasitic disease of the nervous system and the main cause of acquired epilepsy. NCC is also an unrecognized cause of strokes and could account for 4%-12% of strokes. Here, I report a case of a 58-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department (ED) with severe headache, vomiting, and sudden loss of consciousness. Multiple NCC and Fisher grade 4 aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) were demonstrated...
Source: Infezioni in Medicina - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infez Med Source Type: research
Authors: Pagani G, Zanchetta N, Galimberti L, Oreni L, Passerini S, Giacomelli A, Cordier L, Gismondo MR, Rizzardini G, Galli M, Antinori S Abstract Dengue Fever (DF), transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, is the most common arthropod-borne infection, it is almost ubiquitous in tropical and subtropical areas with an estimate of 360 million infections per year. A competent vector (A. albopictus) is present in most of Southern Europe and is endemic in Italy. We conducted a 16-year retrospective study of probable/confirmed dengue fever observed at the Department of Infectious Diseases of Luigi Sacco Hospital in Milan, Ital...
Source: Infezioni in Medicina - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infez Med Source Type: research
Authors: Batra S, Ochani RK, Diwan MN, Yasmin F, Qureshi SS, Bhimani S, Shaikh S, Tariq MA, Ahmed Ashraf M, Farooqi HA, Dodani SK Abstract Ebola Virus Disease (EVD), also known as Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (EHF), initially emerged over 40 years ago in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Endemic to Africa, outbreaks have been recorded in six African countries since its detection in 1976. Fruit bats are believed to be the natural hosts of Ebola viruses (EBoV), with humans and other mammals serving as accidental hosts. Transmission of EBoV has been reported in various ways, including human to human transmission through cl...
Source: Infezioni in Medicina - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infez Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 3 June 2020Source: Food Research InternationalAuthor(s): Stefano Dall'Acqua, Gunes Ak, Stefania Sut, Gokhan Zengin, Evren Yıldıztugay, Mohamad Fawzi Mahomoodally, Kouadio Ibrahime Sinan, Devina Lobine
Source: Food Research International - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Conclusion: The sequence alignments of the isolates displayed two profiles. All sequenced samples showed E. granulosus sensu stricto (G1) with no organ-related genotype. PMID: 32489385 [PubMed]
Source: Iranian Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Iran J Parasitol Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine the effect of water source, sanitation and hygiene on the prevalence of schistosomiasis among school-age children in Northwest Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from Apr 2016 to Aug 2016. Children were selected by systematic random sampling and Formol Ether Concentration Technique (FECT) was used to identify Schistosoma mansoni infection. Statistical analysis was done using descriptive statistics and strength of association of schistosomiasis with determinant factors was calculated by bivariate analysis. Results: Among 333 children, 7% were infected with Schistos...
Source: Iranian Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Iran J Parasitol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our observation further confirmed Yasuj district as a human endemic area for fascioliasis in Iran. The study also highlighted the importance of clinical features together with eosinophilia, as key parameters, in the diagnosis of human fascioliasis. Clinicians need to be aware of this disease and should keep in mind fascioliasis when hypereosinophilia present in patients in such endemic areas. PMID: 32489379 [PubMed]
Source: Iranian Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Iran J Parasitol Source Type: research
This study aimed to prepare and evaluate a new rk39 recombinant antigen from an Iranian strain of Leishmania infantum for diagnosis of VL in humans and dogs. Methods: rK39-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was compared with the direct agglutination test (DAT) for the detection of anti L. infantum antibodies. We screened 84 human sera and 87 dog sera from clinical cases in the endemic area of Meshkin-Shahr, Iran along with 176 sera from healthy controls (collected from 86 humans and 90 dogs) during 2013-2016. Results: Using the rK39 ELISA, a sensitivity of 85.7% (95% CI, 95-99%) and a specificity of 86...
Source: Iranian Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Iran J Parasitol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Current results highlight the geographic and historic pattern of bl in Canada. The human immunodeficiency virus remains an important risk factor for adult bl. PMID: 32489250 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Current Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Curr Oncol Source Type: research
In this study, we explored the taxonomic status and phylogenetic relationships of Myospalacinae at the molecular level. These works would be significant to understanding the evolutionary process and to clarify the mechanism of differentiation of Myospalacinae. PMID: 32482927 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: J Genet Source Type: research
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