LncRNA NEAT1/miR ‐185‐5p/IGF2 axis regulates the invasion and migration of colon cancer

ConclusionNEAT1 upregulateIGF2 expression through absorbing miR ‐185‐5p to enhances the migration and invasion of colon cancer cells.
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

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nni Monteleone Cross-talk between cancer cells and the immune cells occurring in the tumor microenvironment is crucial in promoting signals that foster tumor growth and metastasis. Both cancer cells and immune cells secrete various interleukins (IL), which, either directly or indirectly, stimulate cancer-cell proliferation, survival, and diffusion, as well as contribute to sculpt the immune microenvironment, thereby amplifying tumorigenic stimuli. IL-34, a cytokine produced by a wide range of cells, has been initially involved in the control of differentiation, proliferation, and survival of myeloid cells. More recent ...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
ConclusionsTaken together,KCNQ1OT1 upregulatesCAPN10 expression via spongingMIR ‐142‐5p, thus promoting the proliferation and migration of OC.
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
In this study, we hypothesized that moderately and chronically reducing ACh could attenuate the deleterious effects of aging on NMJs and skeletal muscles. To test this hypothesis, we analyzed NMJs and muscle fibers from heterozygous transgenic mice with reduced expression of the vesicular ACh transporter (VAChT), VKDHet mice, which present with approximately 30% less synaptic ACh compared to control mice. Because ACh is constitutively decreased in VKDHet, we first analyzed developing NMJs and muscle fibers. We found no obvious morphological or molecular differences between NMJs and muscle fibers of VKDHet and contro...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conditions:   Adenocarcinoma;   Adenocystic Carcinoma;   Anal Cancer;   Appendix Cancer;   Brain Tumor;   Glioblastoma;   Astrocytoma;   Bile Duct Cancer;   Cholangiocarcinoma;   Bladder Cancer;   Bone Cancer;   Synovial Sarcoma;   Chondrosarcoma;   Liposarcoma;   Sarcoma, Kaposi;   S arcoma,Soft Tissue;   Sarcoma;   Osteosarcoma;   CNS Cancer;   Brain Stem Neoplasms;   Breast Cancer;   Cervical Cancer;   Colorectal Cancer; &n...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions: The CCAT2/miR-200b/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) axis plays important regulating effect in OSA through the PI3K/Akt and AMPK pathways. PMID: 31322006 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Tags: Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol Source Type: research
SummaryOsteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary malignant bone tumor and mainly affects children and adolescents. The OS five-year survival rate remains very low. Thus, novel therapeutic protocols for the treatment of OS are needed. Several approaches targeting deregulated signaling pathways have been proposed. The antitumoral effects of polyphenols, which are naturally occurring compounds with potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity, have been investigated in different tumors. Gossypol, which is a natural polyphenolic aldehyde isolated from the seeds of the cotton plant, has been shown to exert antitumoral a...
Source: Investigational New Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Sonodynamic therapy (SDT) is a minimally invasive anticancer therapy involving a chemical sonosensitizer and high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). SDT enables the reduction of drug dose and HIFU irradiation power compared to those of conventional monotherapies. In our previous study, mouse models of colon and pancreatic cancer were used to confirm the effectiveness of SDT vs. drug-only or HIFU-only therapy. To validate its usefulness, we performed a clinical trial of SDT using an anticancer micelle (NC-6300) and our HIFU system in four pet dogs with spontaneous tumors, including chondrosarcoma, osteosarcoma, hepatocell...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Tumor‑type‑dependent effects on the angiogenic abilities of endothelial cells in an in vitro rat cell model. Oncol Rep. 2019 May 02;: Authors: Al-Abboodi M, An R, Weber M, Schmid R, Klausing A, Horch RE, Boos AM, Kengelbach-Weigand A Abstract Adequate vascularization is pivotal for tumor progression and metastasis. Tumor angiogenesis is based on a sequence of interactions between the tumor and surrounding cells and the extracellular matrix. It is widely known that a tumor can influence and control its surroundings to create favorable conditions for further growth. To investigate the influence of va...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
Conclusion MTDH is pro-oncogenic factor playing multifaceted and diverse roles in cancer progression. Its association and central role in regulating signaling pathways such a MAPK, wnt/β-catenin, PI3K/AkT, NF-κβ pathways in various cancers shows that it plays a vital role in metastasis. MTDH contribution to chemo and radiotherapy resistance provides a new direction for the development of anticancer therapeutics. Multiple mechanisms converge to promote expression of MTDH in cancers. Further studies are therefore warranted to determine whether the elevated MTDH expression has prognostic value for development...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions Several model systems are now available to characterize the MSC-tumour interplay in the TME. These offer early promise in establishing robust preclinical platforms for the identification of crucial molecular pathways and for the assessment of clinical efficacy of novel drugs to inhibit cancer development and progression. However, selection of the right model for a given study should be shaped on the purpose, and should also consider fixed biological, biochemical, and biophysical parameters according to the specific tumour type. Finally, in order to get reliable and useful results to be translated to the clinic...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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