Waist circumference increases risk of coronary heart disease: Evidence from a Mendelian randomization study

ConclusionOur analysis provided strong evidence to indicate a causal relationship between WC and increased risk of CHD.
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

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Abstract Coronary heart disease kills twice as many women as breast cancer in the UK and is the single biggest killer of women worldwide. Underlying risk factors include hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidaemia, obesity and smoking. Mulder and colleagues have performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature and demonstrated that women with infertility are significantly more likely to have certain cardiometabolic risk factors, namely increased BMI, cholesterol and triglycerides, when compared with fertile women. PMID: 32191381 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: BJOG Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Social stigmas related to depression and anxiety may lead to the underreporting of FMD. Chronic disease management programs in Illinois should consider integrating mental health services. PMID: 32133865 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Health Promotion : AJHP - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Am J Health Promot Source Type: research
A risk-based prevention strategy is the most widely accepted approach to guide clinician-patient decision-making for prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD). According to this approach, the intensity of prevention efforts is matched to the estimated risk of the individual. American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines currently recommend pooled cohort equations for initial risk assessment, which integrate age, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, smoking status, and treatment for hypertension and diabetes to provide race- and sex-specific estimates of ...
Source: JAMA - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionOur findings provide a new insight into the prediction for restenosis in CHD patients underwent PCI with SES.
Source: Irish Journal of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Mühleck F, Laufs U Abstract Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most frequent cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Lifestyle modifications and drug treatment of cardiovascular risk factors are able to effectively prevent CAD. The basis of prevention is the assessment of the individual cardiovascular risk, e.g. by using a validated risk score. Documented evidence for prevention of CAD is available for the control of hypertension using angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) and calcium antagonists, for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia using ...
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
This study was to evaluate the independent relationship between HbA1c and low ABI. METHODS: A total of 3102 subjects (male 1539, female 1563, aged 67.72±10.69 years) were enrolled into the study from 2010 to 2018. The odds ratio (OR) and Linear regression coefficient of low ABI group (defined as ABI≤0.9) and ABI value in associations with the HbA1c were modelled using multivariable logistic and linear regression analyses to adjust for possible confounders. RESULTS: Compared with participants with normal ABI, those presenting the low ABI showed a significantly older age, smoking rate, higher level of heart...
Source: International Angiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Angiol Source Type: research
In this study, researchers studied 438,952 participants in the UK Biobank, who had a total of 24,980 major coronary events - defined as the first occurrence of non-fatal heart attack, ischaemic stroke, or death due to coronary heart disease. They used an approach called Mendelian randomisation, which uses naturally occurring genetic differences to randomly divide the participants into groups, mimicking the effects of running a clinical trial. People with genes associated with lower blood pressure, lower LDL cholesterol, and a combination of both were put into different groups, and compared against those without thes...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: Meta-analyses of all glucose-lowering RCTs involving patients with diabetes provide precise estimates of benefits for CHD and major cardiovascular events after consideration of the resulting ongoing BP difference. No benefit or harm on mortality, heart failure and stroke were noticed, while discontinuations related to adverse events because of treatment were increased following glucose-lowering. The extent of glucose-lowering is proportionally related to changes of CHD and stroke composite, and treatment-related discontinuations.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: REVIEWS AND META-ANALYSES Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundFunctional limitations may be more common in middle-aged adults than previously recognized. However, there are few published data on the prevalence of activity limitations, and their association with multimorbidity, among adults 50 to 64  years old.ObjectiveTo describe the prevalence of activity limitations and the association with multimorbidity in middle-aged adults.DesignCross-sectional analysis of US population-based National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011 –2016.ParticipantsThe total number of community-dwelling NHANES participants aged 50 –64 years old is ...
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Shi XJ, Li MN, Xuan L, Li H, Chen B, Zhang J, Wang HJ Abstract Few studies have compared the clinical manifestations of patients with premature acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and late-onset ACS as well as the adverse cardiovascular events following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with premature ACS and adverse cardiovascular events following PCI, a total of 726 patients with ACS undergoing PCI were divided into two groups: A premature ACS group and a late-onset ACS group. Following discharge, all patients were followed-up for an av...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
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