Using Three Delay Model to Understand the Social Factors Responsible for Neonatal Deaths Among Displaced Tribal Communities in India

AbstractIn the tribal region, risk of death among neonates is influenced to a great extent by factors related to the mother such as situation of the mother prior to and post pregnancy, care received before, during and after pregnancy, birth order, and care received by the child during the first few years of his/her life. There is paucity of basic epidemiological data on reproductive health outcomes of displaced people (Hynes in JAMA 288(5):595 –603, 2002). Therefore, this study aims to examine the social factors responsible for neonatal deaths among displaced tribal communities in India. Sequential exploratory study design was used to collect data from displaced tribal communities in the state of Odisha and Chhattisgarh during 2016–20 17. A purposive sampling method was used to select the sample from the definite population. Results indicate that in total 115 (59.3%) women had experienced at least one child deaths. Analysis of neonatal deaths suggests that about 39.2% women experienced at least one or more neonatal death during t he last 5 years. Women who chose to deliver at home experience higher neonatal deaths (47.1%) in comparison to the women who delivered at the health facility (26.0%). The logistic regression analysis indicate that mothers education, place of delivery, utilization of the services, possession of Below Poverty Line (BPL) card and Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG) status are significant predictors of neonatal mortality. The probabil...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 30 May 2020Source: EXPLOREAuthor(s): Lena Sagi-Dain, Shlomi Sagi
Source: EXPLORE: The Journal of Science and Healing - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
I am writing this as I lay in bed, feverish, sweaty, and persistent dry cough. I have been sick with presumed COVID-19 for the past ten days. I have quarantined myself from my wife and two sons, unable to hug or reassure them that everything will be okay. Additionally, my wife is 39 weeks pregnant. […]Find jobs at  Careers by KevinMD.com.  Search thousands of physician, PA, NP, and CRNA jobs now.  Learn more.
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Physician Cardiology COVID-19 coronavirus Infectious Disease Source Type: blogs
Authors: Park YG, Choi J, Seol JW Abstract During pregnancy, the uterus undergoes intense neovascularization and vascular remodeling to supply oxygen and nutrients to the embryo. During this period, progesterone secreted from the ovary has effects on vascular remodeling in the endometrium and interacts with angiogenic factors. However, the exact mechanism of uterine vascular remodeling during pregnancy is poorly understood. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the association between angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2), one of the angiopoietins, and intrauterine vessel remodeling during pregnancy, and to d...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 29 May 2020Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Elisabetta Torlone, Camilla Festa, Gloria Formoso, Marina Scavini, Maria Angela Sculli, Elena Succurro, Laura Sciacca, Paolo Di Bartolo, Francesco Purrello, Annunziata Lapolla
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Conclusion: These observations definitively demonstrate an important role of PFN1 in mediating cell-cell adhesion during the initial stage of embryo implantation and suggest a potential therapeutic target or novel biomarker for patients suffering from implantation failure. PMID: 32466630 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine - Category: Reproduction Medicine Tags: Clin Exp Reprod Med Source Type: research
Authors: Wood SH, Sills ES Abstract The inverse correlation between maternal age and pregnancy rate represents a major challenge for reproductive endocrinology. The high embryo ploidy error rate in failed in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles reflects genetic misfires accumulated by older oocytes over time. Despite the application of different follicular recruitment protocols during IVF, gonadotropin modifications are generally futile in addressing such damage. Even when additional oocytes are retrieved, quality is frequently poor. Older oocytes with serious cytoplasmic and/or chromosomal errors are often harvested f...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine - Category: Reproduction Medicine Tags: Clin Exp Reprod Med Source Type: research
Contributors : Diana Medina-Bastidas ; Ivan Salido-GuadarramaSeries Type : Expression profiling by arrayOrganism : Homo sapiensPreeclampsia (PE) and Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR) are major contributor of perinatal morbility and mortality, these pregnancy disorders associated with placental ischemia and share many similar pathophysiological features. The aim of this study was to compare the placental gene expression profiles including mRNA and lnRNAs from pregnant women from four study groups; PE, IUGR, PE-IUGR and normal pregnancy (NP). Gene expression microarray analysis was performed on placental tissue obtained...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Homo sapiens Source Type: research
Conclusions: The main problem associated with the inaccessibility of pregnancy termination in Poland is not linked to individuals, meaning medical personnel and the possibility of invoking the conscience clause, but probably to the lack of approval for terminations granted by hospital supervisors. Adequate knowledge on pregnancy termination procedures, fetal defects, and diseases in the mother translated into the changes of opinions on pregnancy terminations.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This article aims to provide an updated review of the most recent data around hormonal contraceptives and anti-retroviral therapy.Recent FindingsPrior data have suggested possible pharmacologic interactions between certain hormonal contraceptives and anti-retroviral therapy. The most significant interactions implicated include those between progestin-based contraceptive implants and efavirenz as well as between combined hormonal contraceptives and protease inhibitors. Most past studies, however, feature small sample sizes with few clinical outcomes reported.SummaryRecent data since 2017 have largely affirmed prior studies ...
Source: Current Obstetrics and Gynecology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Uterine fibroids (UF; leiomyomas) are common, benign, gynecological smooth-muscle tumors occurring in up to 80 % of women by 50 years of age [1 –4]. Symptoms include heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB), anemia, moderate/severe pain, pressure, infertility, and pregnancy complications [3–5], which have a considerable effect on women’s quality of life (QoL), causing psychological distress and placing substantial financial burden on patients a nd healthcare systems [1,6–8].
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Source Type: research
More News: Children | Education | Epidemiology | Health Management | India Health | International Medicine & Public Health | Perinatology & Neonatology | Pregnancy | Study | Universities & Medical Training | Women