Incidence and mortality of myocardial infarction and stroke in patients with hyperthyroidism: A nationwide cohort study in Korea.
Incidence and mortality of myocardial infarction and stroke in patients with hyperthyroidism: A nationwide cohort study in Korea. Thyroid. 2020 Feb 24;: Authors: Kim HJ, Kang T, Kang MJ, Ahn HS, Sohn SY Abstract BACKGROUND: Hyperthyroidism is associated with various cardiovascular risk factors. However, the relationship between hyperthyroidism and myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke has not been fully elucidated; only a few studies have investigated the association of hyperthyroidism with survival after MI or stroke. METHODS: We included 59,021 hyperthyroid patients and 1,180,420 age- and sex-matched control cohort from the Korean National Health Insurance database. Blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), glucose and cholesterol level, and smoking history were obtained during National Health screening examination. We compared the incidence of MI, stroke, and survival after cardiovascular events between subjects with hyperthyroidism and control cohort. RESULTS: Subjects with hyperthyroidism had higher blood pressure, fasting glucose, and smoking rate, but lower cholesterol level and obesity rate compared with the control cohort. After adjusting these differences and atrial fibrillation, hyperthyroidism was associated with increased risk of MI and ischemic stroke. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for MI and ischemic stroke with hyperthyroidism was 1.16 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.03-1.30) and 1.12 (95% CI: 1.04-1.20), respectively. In age, sex and ...
This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of inter-arm blood pressure difference (IAD) in Chinese community hypertensive population. METHODS: The cross-sectional study included 7788 hypertensive patients (3673 male and 4115 female, aged 62.3±13.6 years) in Guangdong, China. IAD was defined as the absolute value of blood pressure (BP) difference between left and right arms. Bilateral BP was measured simultaneously by automated devices. RESULTS: The mean IAD was 4.04±4.33 mm Hg in systolic and 3.19±3.43 mm Hg in diastolic. The prevalence rates of systolic IAD (sIAD)&ge...
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2020Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): Xiao Hu, Jun Yan, Lei Huang, Camila Araujo, Jun Peng, Ling Gao, Shengpeng Liu, Jiping Tang, Gang Zuo, John H. Zhang
This study aimed to examine the i) prevalence of implementation of evidence-based healthy eating and physical activity policies and practices among schemes (i.e. overarching governing agency) and educators in the family day care setting in Australia; and ii) associations between educator socio-demographic characteristics and implementation of healthy eating and physical activity practices. METHODS: Family day care schemes (n=16) responsible for educators (n=174) located in the Hunter New England region of NSW participated in a telephone survey in 2018, reporting their implementation of evidence-based healthy eating and...
AbstractSerial changes of electrocardiograms (ECG) could be used to assess their clinical features in atrial septal defects (ASD) after transcatheter closure together with other clinical parameters. We retrospectively studied 100 ASD patients who underwent transcatheter closure. Complications of persistent atrial fibrillation occurred in five ASD patients, and they were excluded. We divided the other 95 patients according to PQ intervals before closure (normal:
Conclusions: The two-staged procedure for the repair of chronic type A dissection with small true lumen at the descending aorta is adaptable with low prevalence of mortality and complication. PMID: 32944324 [PubMed]
Conclusions: Although emergent total arch replacement for acute type A dissection is a complex scenario, surgeons well-trained in adult cardiac surgery are able to achieve acceptable results in their start-up period. PMID: 32944318 [PubMed]
Conclusions: Our strategy had got low mortality and excellent mid-term survival in patients with type A IMH. Therefore, our strategy was suitable for the surgical repair of type A IMH in Chinese population. PMID: 32944308 [PubMed]
Authors: Khaltaev N, Solimene U, Vitale F, Zanasi A Abstract Chronic respiratory diseases (CRD) belong to major noncommunicable diseases (NCD) targeted by World Health Organization (WHO) NCD Action Plan and United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goal (STG) 3.4 to achieve 30% decline of mortality by the year 2030. Strong evidence is now available in the literature for therapeutic aquatic exercise interventions in improving health status of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) patients. However, gym-based exercises can be difficult for patients with COPD who are mainly elderly and often have co-morbidit...
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2020Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Tae-Min Rhee, Eue-Keun Choi, Kyung-Do Han, So-Ryoung Lee, Seil Oh
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