2020 Annual Conference Oral Presentations

A Deep Dive into Urinary Tract Infections
Source: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association - Category: Health Management Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: This study evaluated French practices in 2019. The diversity of the answers highlights the need for new recommendations on these subjects of daily practice. Future recommendations should allow their homogenization based on the existing evidence-based data. PMID: 32234420 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Progres en Urologie - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Prog Urol Source Type: research
The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of a multifaceted antimicrobial stewardship intervention on antibiotic consumption in a primary health care (PHC) area in Spain. Quasi-experimental study conducted in a PHC area with nine PHC centers, a 400-bed acute care teaching hospital, and 18 nursing homes serving a population of 260,561. The intervention was based on the 2016 CDC Core Elements of Outpatient Antibiotic Stewardship publication and targeted 130 PHC physicians, 41 PHC pediatricians, 19 emergency physicians, and 18 nursing home physicians. The components were commitment, actions for improving antibiotic pres...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Adequate empirical antibiotic therapy and prophylaxis in line with guidelines is based on the clinical classification and risk factors. PMID: 32240318 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Urologe. Ausg. A - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Urologe A Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundWe sought to determine the rate of emergency department (ED) attendance for complications after ureterorenoscopy (URS) for stone disease and to identify risk factors for ED attendance after URS.MethodsAn analysis of all patients undergoing URS over 12  months at a single institution was performed. Patient demographics, preoperative and intraoperative variables associated with postoperative complications and subsequent ED attendance were collected. Logistic regression analyses were performed to determine predictors of URS complications presenting to ED.ResultsIn total, 202 ureteroscopies were performe...
Source: Irish Journal of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Source: Infection and Drug Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infection and Drug Resistance Source Type: research
As the COVID-19 outbreak worsens in the U.S., at-home test kits for the virus have been a source of both hope and controversy. Their appeal is clear: sick individuals could get a diagnosis from the comfort of home, without infecting others. But their downsides are real: the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has cracked down on unauthorized at-home COVID-19 tests, updating its emergency use authorization guidelines to exclude at-home test kits and warning Americans that no such tests have received agency authorization. That means startups previously offering these products—such as Everlywell, Nurx and Carbon Hea...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news
Conclusion: The study indicates that outpatients with UTI could be at high risk of antibiotic resistance, suggesting regular surveillance and monitoring of antibiotics.
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
The antimicrobial susceptibility testing of 284 Enterobacteriaceae isolates responsible for urinary tract infections to ampicillin, ceftazidime, ciprofloxacin, nitrofurantoin, trimethoprin-sulfamethaxole, and fosfomycin was performed by disk diffusion method. Additionally, in fosfomycin-resistant and intermediate susceptible isolates using disk diffusion method, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of fosfomycin was determined by agar dilution. The presence of fosA and fosA3 genes and ESBL genes was investigated in fosfomycin-resistant isolates and ESBL-producing isolates, respectively. Klebsiella pneumoniae [72.34% ...
Source: Reviews in Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: BACTERIOLOGY Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe transanal/perineal endoscopic approach may have some benefits for extended pelvic surgery for recurrent rectal cancer.
Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Circulating androgens prime the kidney for fibrosis upon infectious injury (Escherichia coli pyelonephritis) by enhancing local TGF β1 production and myofibroblast activation. AbstractRenal scarring after pyelonephritis is linked to long ‐term health risks for hypertension and chronic kidney disease. Androgen exposure increases susceptibility to, and severity of, uropathogenicEscherichia coli (UPEC) pyelonephritis and resultant scarring in both male and female mice, while anti ‐androgen therapy is protective against severe urinary tract infection (UTI) in these models. This work employed androgenized female C57BL/...
Source: Physiological Reports - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
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