Priorities in Management of the Geriatric Patient With Dizziness
The symptom of dizziness reflects a variety of sensations related to disturbances of the individual's sense of equilibrium, which have variously been described or subclassified by terms such as vertigo, presyncope, disequilibrium, wooziness, imbalance, falling sensation, spinning, and disorientation.1 In its various forms, dizziness is one of the most common symptoms in older persons, increasing in prevalence as age advances.2 –4 This increasing prevalence with age reflects the fact that a variety of body systems interact to support one's sense of equilibrium, and that with age the breakdown of multiple systems is common, and hence the increase in dizziness.
Conclusions: Participants with VV had lower prefrontal cortex activation than CON participants during dual-task walking. Lower cortical activity in those with VV may be due to shifted attention away from the cognitive task to prioritize maintenance of dynamic balance. Video Abstract available for more insights from the authors (see the Video, Supplemental Digital Content 1, available at: http://links.lww.com/JNPT/A303).
Pseudo-benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (pseudo-BPPV) is a specific type of vestibular migraine disguised as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, which is characterized by recurrent different types of positional and atypical positional vertigo with migraine features. It is easy to be misdiagnosed with BPPV at the first visit, which means that the ideal therapeutic effects are not achieved. Twenty-five cases of pseudo-BPPV with frequent changing positional vertigo were retrospected and the following key features help to identify the disease: recurrent positional and atypical positional vertigo, migrainous accompanying ...
The objective of this systematic review is to determine which interventions are most effective in decreasing dizziness or vertigo and neck pain in military-aged adults with traumatic cervicogenic dizziness.MethodsThe literature will be systematically searched using the following online databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library (Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, CENTRAL, Cochrane Methodology Register), CINAHL, SCOPUS, Web of Science, and J-STAGE. The review will include randomized controlled trials (RCTs), including cluster RCTs and controlled (non-randomized) clinical trials or cluster trials, and observation...
CONCLUSION: The original version of the VVAS has been translated into Spanish and adapted for use in the Argentine population with vestibular disorders. PMID: 32204877 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
In this study, by observing the brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) and cognitive function of VM patients, the possible laboratory diagnostic indicators of VM and the influence of disease on cognitive function were discussed.Method: The study included 78 VM patients, 76 migraine patients, and 79 healthy individuals. The age, gender, and other clinical history of the three groups matched. All participants underwent BAEP examinations, in which patients in the migraine group and outpatients of the VM group were in the interictal period, and inpatients in the VM group were examined during episodes, while all patients te...
ConclusionThese findings demonstrated abnormality in the central vestibular cortex and correlations between dizziness severity and GMV in core regions of the vestibular cortex of VM patients, suggesting a pathophysiological role of these core vestibular regions in VM patients.
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Conclusions: Although the CuRM is theoretically considered to be a better therapeutic method, the therapeutic efficacy of CuRM was not statistically different compared to the other two maneuvers. PMID: 32186237 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: SCDS may be addressed surgically using multiple approaches. An underwater endoscopic repair of the SCC may be safe and effective surgical treatment. SDC video link: http://links.lww.com/MAO/A808.
Conclusions: PSCD is a rare phenomenon most commonly presenting with third-window type symptoms. However, PSCD might also present with dizziness and hearing loss inconsistent with third-window symptomatology. One should be conscious of potentially poorer prognosis for hearing recovery in these patients.