Comprehensive Functional Analysis of Escherichia coli Ribosomal RNA Methyltransferases

Ribosomal RNAs in all organisms are methylated. The functional role of the majority of modified nucleotides is unknown. We systematically questioned the influence of rRNA methylation in Escherichia coli on a number of characteristics of bacterial cells with the help of a set of rRNA methyltransferase (MT) gene knockout strains from the Keio collection. Analysis of ribosomal subunits sedimentation profiles of the knockout strains revealed a surprisingly small number of rRNA MT that significantly affected ribosome assembly. Accumulation of the assembly intermediates was observed only for the rlmE knockout strain whose growth was retarded most significantly among other rRNA MT knockout strains. Accumulation of the 17S rRNA precursor was observed for rsmA(ksgA) knockout cells as well as for cells devoid of functional rsmB and rlmC genes. Significant differences were found among the WT and the majority of rRNA MT knockout strains in their ability to sustain exogenous protein overexpression. While the majority of the rRNA MT knockout strains supported suboptimal reporter gene expression, the strain devoid of the rsmF gene demonstrated a moderate increase in the yield of ectopic gene expression. Comparative 2D protein gel analysis of rRNA MT knockout strains revealed only minor perturbations of the proteome.
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

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(American Institute of Physics) Biohybrid robots on the micrometer scale can swim through the body and deliver drugs to tumors or provide other cargo-carrying functions. To be successful, they must consist of materials that can pass through the body's immune response, swim quickly through viscous environments and penetrate tissue cells to deliver cargo. In APL Bioengineering, researchers fabricated biohybrid bacterial microswimmers by combining a genetically engineered E. coli MG1655 substrain and nanoerythrosomes, small structures made from red blood cells.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 6 April 2020Source: Food ControlAuthor(s): Johanne Ellis-Iversen, Mette R. Gantzhorn, Birgitte Borck Høg, Alessandro Foddai, Maarten Nauta
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Source: Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Tags: Environmental Epidemiology Source Type: research
Roberto Pilloton Norovirus is one of the leading causes of gastroenteritis, acute vomiting, intense diarrhoea, acute pain in the stomach, high fever, headaches, and body pain. Conventional methods of detection gave us very promising results but had disadvantages such as low sensitivity, cost ineffectiveness, reduced specificity and selectivity, etc. Therefore, biosensors can be a viable alternative device which can overcome all setbacks associated with the conventional method. An electrochemical sensor based on oxidized graphitic carbon nitride (Ox-g-C3N4) modified electrochemical paper-based analytical device (ePAD) ...
Source: Sensors - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to apply an in vitro bioguided approach using as a model system the mollicutes with a sample of propolis from the Brazilian native bee Melipona quadrifasciata (mandaçaia) in order to identify potential new molecules with antimicrobial activity. A crude hydroalcoholic extract was obtained and submitted to liquid-liquid partitioning with solvents of different polarities, generating four different fractions: aqueous, dichloromethane, butanol, and ethyl acetate fractions. The antimollicute activity assays served as a basis for the bioguided fractionation. The dichloromethane fraction was ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
asia N. Vlasova Rotaviruses (RVs) are the leading cause of the acute viral gastroenteritis in young children and livestock animals worldwide. Although live attenuated vaccines have been applied to control RV infection for many years, the underlying mechanisms of RV attenuation following cell culture adaption are unknown. To study these mechanisms at the genomic level, we have sequenced and conducted a comparative analysis of two virulent human (Wa, G1P[8] and M, G3P[8]) and two virulent porcine (Gottfried, G4P[6] and OSU, G5P[7]) RV strains maintained in gnotobiotic piglets for 22, 11, 12 and 9 serial passages, respect...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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Source: World Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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