Serum Sclerostin, Body Composition, and Sarcopenia in Hemodialysis Patients with Diabetes.

Serum Sclerostin, Body Composition, and Sarcopenia in Hemodialysis Patients with Diabetes. Int J Nephrol. 2020;2020:4596920 Authors: Medeiros MC, Rocha N, Bandeira E, Dantas I, Chaves C, Oliveira M, Bandeira F Abstract Sclerostin (Scl) is an osteoblast-inhibiting glycoprotein that is secreted mainly by osteocytes and is regulated by hormonal changes and skeletal loading. Decreased physical function and high serum Scl concentrations have been reported in chronic renal failure patients but little is known to date about the differences between diabetic and non-diabetic patients on hemodialysis who are susceptible to both sarcopenia and bone fragility. Objective.To determine the prevalence of sarcopenia and its association with serum Scl concentrations and metabolic parameters in 92 patients on hemodialysis. Anthropometric data and physical performance were evaluated in this study. Blood samples were collected for Scl, glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, calcium, phosphate, PTH, and 25 OH-vitamin D measurements. Lean mass was evaluated using multifrequency electro-bioimpedance after dialysis session. Results. Mean age was 63.3 ± 13.6 years, 63% of patients were male, and 44.6% had diabetes. Mean body mass index (BMI) was higher in diabetics (26.6 ± 5.2 vs. 24.1 ± 3.7; p=0.01) and there were no differences in gait speed and handgrip strength between diabetic and non-diabetic subjects. A low skelet...
Source: International Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Int J Nephrol Source Type: research

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This study aimed to identify the vitamin D level below which mortality increases in HD patients.Methods: A cohort of HD patients enrolled from January 2014 to January 2017 was evaluated. The variables were analyzed according to the season, namely, summer, winter, and annual average, mortality was the primary outcome. The patients were assigned to vitamin D quintiles, and multivariate Cox regression analysis adjusted for age, ethnicity, gender, body mass index (BMI), inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system, statin, calcitriol, and antiplatelet drugs use, hemodialysis vintage, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, atherosclero...
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
ConclusionsDuring the first year of availability, the rate of prescription of PCSK9 inhibitors appears below expectations. Patients were mainly in secondary prevention and had been slightly persistent to previous LLTs. During follow-up, the PCSK9 inhibitor monotherapy showed high levels of adherence and persistence. This real-world study sets the stage for future longer-term investigations useful to improve our knowledge on the appropriateness, drug access and public healthcare sustainability of PCSK9 inhibitors.
Source: Clinical Drug Investigation - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, high-dose NR induces the onset of WAT dysfunction, which may in part explain the deterioration of metabolic health. Towards a Rigorous Definition of Cellular Senescence https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/11/towards-a-rigorous-definition-of-cellular-senescence/ The accumulation of lingering senescent cells is a significant cause of aging, disrupting tissue function and generating chronic inflammation throughout the body. Even while the first senolytic drugs capable of selectively destroying these cells already exist, and while a number of biotech companies are working on the productio...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: The AHF in patients nonagenarians has a different clinical profile compared to younger patients and a higher mortality. In this subgroup of patients having a worse baseline functional status, higher NYHA classification (III-IV), and renal failure are predictors of 90-day mortality. PMID: 31621036 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Aging Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
Conclusions: Among patients with incident PD, a higher serum Lp(a) level may predict a lower risk of hemorrhagic stroke. PMID: 31498021 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
ConclusionsHigher inflammatory potential of the diet was positively associated with higher total cholesterol levels in women with SLE. These findings suggest that the inflammatory potential of a person’s diet may play a role in lipid profiles in this population. Future intervention studies are needed to build on these results and explore the effect of anti-inflammatory diets on health outcomes in individuals with SLE.
Source: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Conclusion: Hemodialysis can affect various ocular parameters including SFCT, RAC and RVC, which changed significantly following hemodialysis. Whereas BCVA, IOP and CMT did not change after hemodialysis in ESRD patients. The systemic compensatory mechanisms of the changes in SBP, DBP, body weight following hemodialysis need further study. PMID: 31269848 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Hypovitaminosis D represents an emerging cardiovascular risk factor, and especially among higher-risk subsets of patients, such as in those with diabetes mellitus. The anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic properties of vitamin D, in fact, could be even more beneficial among diabetics, where platelet hyperreactivity and suboptimal response to antiplatelet drugs has been associated with poorer outcomes. However, no study has so far evaluated the impact of vitamin D levels on platelet reactivity and high-on treatment platelet reactivity (HRPR) among diabetic patients receiving dial antiplatelet ...
Source: Vascular Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Vascul Pharmacol Source Type: research
Publication date: 20 May 2019Source: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines, Volume 17, Issue 5Author(s): Han-Qing WANG, Sha-Sha WANG, Kuok Chiufai, Qi WANG, Xiao-Lan CHENGAbstractDiabetic nephropathy (DN) is a leading cause of renal failure, contributing to severe morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. Umbelliferae (Umb) has been well characterized to exert protective effects in diabetes. However, the action and mechanism of Umb in DN remains unclear. In this work, we studied the effect of Umb in a streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DN rat model and explore its underlying mechanism. DN rats were treated withUmb (20, 40 mg&...
Source: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Hui-Min Liu1,2, Qin Hu3, Qiang Zhang4, Guan-Yue Su5, Hong-Mei Xiao1,2, Bo-Yang Li1,2, Wen-Di Shen1,2, Xiang Qiu1,2, Wan-Qiang Lv1,2 and Hong-Wen Deng1,2,6* 1Center of System Biology and Data Information, School of Basic Medical Science, Central South University, Changsha, China 2Center of Reproductive Health, School of Basic Medical Science, Central South University, Changsha, China 3Kangda College of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China 4College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China 5Institute of Biomedical Engineering, West China School of Basic Medical Sciences and Forensic Medicine, ...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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