Serum Sclerostin, Body Composition, and Sarcopenia in Hemodialysis Patients with Diabetes.

Serum Sclerostin, Body Composition, and Sarcopenia in Hemodialysis Patients with Diabetes. Int J Nephrol. 2020;2020:4596920 Authors: Medeiros MC, Rocha N, Bandeira E, Dantas I, Chaves C, Oliveira M, Bandeira F Abstract Sclerostin (Scl) is an osteoblast-inhibiting glycoprotein that is secreted mainly by osteocytes and is regulated by hormonal changes and skeletal loading. Decreased physical function and high serum Scl concentrations have been reported in chronic renal failure patients but little is known to date about the differences between diabetic and non-diabetic patients on hemodialysis who are susceptible to both sarcopenia and bone fragility. Objective.To determine the prevalence of sarcopenia and its association with serum Scl concentrations and metabolic parameters in 92 patients on hemodialysis. Anthropometric data and physical performance were evaluated in this study. Blood samples were collected for Scl, glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, calcium, phosphate, PTH, and 25 OH-vitamin D measurements. Lean mass was evaluated using multifrequency electro-bioimpedance after dialysis session. Results. Mean age was 63.3 ± 13.6 years, 63% of patients were male, and 44.6% had diabetes. Mean body mass index (BMI) was higher in diabetics (26.6 ± 5.2 vs. 24.1 ± 3.7; p=0.01) and there were no differences in gait speed and handgrip strength between diabetic and non-diabetic subjects. A low skelet...
Source: International Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Int J Nephrol Source Type: research

Related Links:

Abstract BACKGROUND: Whether Vitamin D deficiency represents an independent predictor of mortality and major cardiovascular events or rather the mirror of a more advanced clinical condition with increased comorbidities is still debated. We aimed at assessing the impact of vitamin D levels on the long-term outcomes among patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: Consecutive patients from a single centre were included. Vitamin D levels were measured at admission by chemiluminescence immunoassay kit LIAISON® Vitamin D assay (Diasorin Inc). Severe defi...
Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Eur J Intern Med Source Type: research
Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is a complicated inauspicious outcome of diabetes, like other abnormalities of diabetes the cause of DN is still vague and it may be the result of various pathological conditions leading up to end-stage renal failure. The present study examines the efficacy of sinapic acid (SA) in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DN nephropathy and the linked pathway. Twenty-four rats were equally divided randomly into four categories: Normal control (NC), STZ, STZ + SA 20 mg/kg bw, and STZ + SA 40 mg/kg bw. After 8 weeks they were evaluated for ratio of renal index, the fasting blood glucose (FBG), blood urea nitrogen...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
We report a case of rhabdomyolysis and ARF due to fenofibrate monotherapy in a 68-year-old female with post-pancreatitis diabetes mellitus and review reported cases of rhabdomyolysis correlated with fibrates monotherapy. Diagnosis: The patient was diagnosed with rhabdomyolysis associated with fenofibrate monotherapy as confirmed by symptoms of fatigue and muscle pain, and elevated levels of myoglobin and creatine kinase. Interventions: Fenofibrate therapy was discontinued. Moreover, intravenous fluids, urinary alkalization, and diuretic were performed. Outcomes: The symptoms were completely relieved, and relevant ...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
ConclusionIn this study, DPP-4 inhibitor use was not associated with an increased risk of serious muscular injury among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus using statins or fibrates.
Source: Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study aimed to identify the vitamin D level below which mortality increases in HD patients.Methods: A cohort of HD patients enrolled from January 2014 to January 2017 was evaluated. The variables were analyzed according to the season, namely, summer, winter, and annual average, mortality was the primary outcome. The patients were assigned to vitamin D quintiles, and multivariate Cox regression analysis adjusted for age, ethnicity, gender, body mass index (BMI), inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system, statin, calcitriol, and antiplatelet drugs use, hemodialysis vintage, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, atherosclero...
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
ConclusionsDuring the first year of availability, the rate of prescription of PCSK9 inhibitors appears below expectations. Patients were mainly in secondary prevention and had been slightly persistent to previous LLTs. During follow-up, the PCSK9 inhibitor monotherapy showed high levels of adherence and persistence. This real-world study sets the stage for future longer-term investigations useful to improve our knowledge on the appropriateness, drug access and public healthcare sustainability of PCSK9 inhibitors.
Source: Clinical Drug Investigation - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, high-dose NR induces the onset of WAT dysfunction, which may in part explain the deterioration of metabolic health. Towards a Rigorous Definition of Cellular Senescence https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/11/towards-a-rigorous-definition-of-cellular-senescence/ The accumulation of lingering senescent cells is a significant cause of aging, disrupting tissue function and generating chronic inflammation throughout the body. Even while the first senolytic drugs capable of selectively destroying these cells already exist, and while a number of biotech companies are working on the productio...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: The AHF in patients nonagenarians has a different clinical profile compared to younger patients and a higher mortality. In this subgroup of patients having a worse baseline functional status, higher NYHA classification (III-IV), and renal failure are predictors of 90-day mortality. PMID: 31621036 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Aging Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
Conclusions: Among patients with incident PD, a higher serum Lp(a) level may predict a lower risk of hemorrhagic stroke. PMID: 31498021 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
ConclusionsHigher inflammatory potential of the diet was positively associated with higher total cholesterol levels in women with SLE. These findings suggest that the inflammatory potential of a person’s diet may play a role in lipid profiles in this population. Future intervention studies are needed to build on these results and explore the effect of anti-inflammatory diets on health outcomes in individuals with SLE.
Source: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
More News: Calcium | Cholesterol | Diabetes | Dialysis | Endocrinology | Hemodialysis | Hormones | Renal Failure | Study | Urology & Nephrology | Vitamin D | Vitamins