Metformin: the white knight fighting corticosteroid side-effects

Publication date: Available online 25 February 2020Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Martin Reincke
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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This study aimed to investigate these independent risk factors and the relationship between mortality and the prescription patterns of anti-asthmatic medications in patients admitted for asthma exacerbation. Using a nested case-control design, we identified 267 cases (death after asthma admission) and 1035 controls (survival after asthma admission) from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) from 2001 to 2010. Conditional logistic regressions were used to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). We identified the independent risk factors for death as the comorbidities of p...
Source: Primary Care - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: NPJ Prim Care Respir Med Source Type: research
We describe a 66-year-old man with previous history of diabetes, atrial fibrillation and hypertension, who was admitted to hospital with reduced general condition. He had experienced dizziness and unstable gait for a year, and had been periodically confused, especially in the previous month. MR imaging showed characteristic punctuate and curvilinear gadolinium enhancements in the pons. Our patient was diagnosed with CLIPPERS and was given corticosteroid treatment, initially methylprednisolone intravenously and then prednisone orally. Other differential diagnoses, such as CNS lymphoma, high-grade glioma, CNS vasculitis, neu...
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: For recent years, treatment patterns for DMO have been gradually but certainly changed; as a result, better visual gain, suppression of worsened eyes and better final BCVA have been obtained. Anti-VEGF therapy has become the first-line therapy and its injection frequency has been increasing. PMID: 32169861 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Br J Ophthalmol Source Type: research
Abstract Knee osteoarthritis is a common painful degenerative condition affecting the aging Canadian population. In addition to pain and disability, osteoarthritis is associated with depression, comorbid conditions such as diabetes, and increased caregiver burden. It is predicted to cost the Canadian healthcare system $7.6 billion dollars by 2031. Despite its high cost and prevalence, controversy persists in the medical community regarding optimal therapies to treat knee osteoarthritis. A variety of medications like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories and opioids can cause severe side effects with limited benefits. T...
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
We present herein a series of GGA in order to describe their clinical and histological features. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included all biopsy-proven cases of GA presenting at the dermatopathology laboratory of Strasbourg where generalized (i.e. over 10 lesions). Clinical features were obtained from patients' medical files. RESULTS: We included 35 GGA, with a sex ratio of 0.5. The mean age was 54 years. Lesions were annular or non-annular in equal measure and were symptomatic in 25 % of cases. Most patients (77 %) had an associated disease, already known in 60 % of cases, including dy...
Source: Annales de Dermatologie et de Cenereologie - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Ann Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research
Abstract: A 19-year-old man presented with a 3-year history of episodic headaches, right hemiparesis, and progressive vision loss in both eyes. Initially, extensive laboratory testing was unrevealing. MRI later demonstrated progressive enlargement and enhancement of the left optic nerve poorly correlated with the timing of his clinical manifestations. There was no clinical or radiological response to treatment with corticosteroids, mycophenolate mofetil, or rituximab administered empirically for possible inflammatory processes. Later in the disease course, he developed diabetes insipidus (DI), worsening vision to light p...
Source: Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Clinical-Pathological Case Study Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of use of the Fasting Algorithm for Singaporeans with Type 2 Diabetes (FAST) during Ramadan. METHODS: We performed a prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled trial. The inclusion criteria were age ≥21 years, baseline glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level ≤9.5%, and intention to fast for ≥10 days during Ramadan. Exclusion criteria included baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate
Source: Annals of Family Medicine - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Ann Fam Med Source Type: research
In conclusion, specific BMA methodologies have been developed. However, important challenges remain. In particular, we advocate for the harmonization of methodologies, the precise reporting of known confounding factors, and the identification of methods to modulate BMA independently from other tissues. Wider use of existing animal models with impaired BMA production (e.g., Pfrt−/−, KitW/W−v) and development of specific BMA deletion models would be highly desirable for this purpose.
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Abstract: A 19-year-old man presented with a 3-year history of episodic headaches, right hemiparesis, and progressive vision loss in both eyes. Initially, extensive laboratory testing was unrevealing. MRI later demonstrated progressive enlargement and enhancement of the left optic nerve poorly correlated with the timing of his clinical manifestations. There was no clinical or radiological response to treatment with corticosteroids, mycophenolate mofetil, or rituximab administered empirically for possible inflammatory processes. Later in the disease course, he developed diabetes insipidus (DI), worsening vision to light p...
Source: Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Clinical-Pathological Case Study Source Type: research
Authors: Augstburger E, Héron E, Abanou A, Habas C, Baudouin C, Labbe A Abstract Ischemic optic neuropathies are among the leading causes of severe visual acuity loss in people over 50 years of age. They constitute a set of various entities that are clinically, etiologically and therapeutically different. Anatomically, it is necessary to distinguish anterior and posterior forms. From an etiological point of view, the diagnosis of the arteritic form due to giant cell arteritis requires emergent management to prevent blindness and even death in the absence of prompt corticosteroid treatment. When this diagnosi...
Source: Journal Francais d Ophtalmologie - Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Fr Ophtalmol Source Type: research
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