Blood test can predict clinical response to immunotherapy in metastatic NSCLC

(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with higher measures of tumor mutations that show up in a blood test generally have a better clinical response to PD-1-based immunotherapy treatments than patients with a lower measure of mutations.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

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The immunotherapy is now approved for use in patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC); it was already approved for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).FDA Approvals
Source: Medscape Hematology-Oncology Headlines - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Alert Source Type: news
Condition:   IIIA Stage Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Intervention:   Drug: Sintilimab Injection Sponsor:   First Hospital of Jilin University Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionsWe find sufficient cause to suggest that the predictive clinical value of TMB should not be overstated or oversimplified. While it is readily quantified, TMB is at best a limited surrogate biomarker of immunotherapy response. The data do not support isolated use of TMB in renal cell carcinoma.
Source: Genome Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
ConclusionPET/CT-based signature can be used prior to initiation of immunotherapy to identify NSCLC patients most likely to benefit from immunotherapy. As such, these data may be leveraged to improve more precise and individualized decision support in the treatment of patients with advanced NSCLC.
Source: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundMetabolic information obtained through18F-flurodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) is used to evaluate malignancy by calculating the glucose uptake rate, and these parameters play important roles in determining the prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The expression of immune-related markers in tumor tissue reflects the immune status in the tumor microenvironment. However, there is lack of reports on the association between metabolic variables and intra-tumor immune markers. Herein, we investigate the correlation between metabolic status on18F-FDG PET...
Source: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
British Journal of Cancer, Published online: 25 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41416-020-0785-yClinical activity of a htert (vx-001) cancer vaccine as post-chemotherapy maintenance immunotherapy in patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer: final results of a randomised phase 2 clinical trial
Source: British Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
The lower airway bacterial microbiome influences carcinogenesis and response to immunotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We investigated the association of this microbiome with recurrence in early NSCLC.
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Shi H, Lan J, Yang J Abstract Immune checkpoint blockades (ICBs), as a major breakthrough in cancer immunotherapy, target CTLA-4 and the PD-1/PD-L1 axis and reinvigorate anti-tumor activities by disrupting co-inhibitory T-cell signaling. With unprecedented performance in clinical trials, ICBs have been approved by FDA for the treatment of malignancies such as melanoma, non-small-cell lung cancer, colorectal cancer, and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, while ICBs are revolutionizing therapeutic algorithms for cancers, the frequently observed innate, adaptive or acquired drug resistance remains an inevitab...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Conclusion When no surgical specimens are available, pleural cytology cell block specimens can be used for immunocytochemical detection of PD-L1, and the results are feasible. DOI: 10.3779/j.issn.1009-3419.2020.03.03
Source: Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
The efficacy of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been obviously improved recent years, while the survival of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients remains inferior for limit treatment options. The incidence of SCLC accounts for 15% of the overall incidence of lung cancer, and it is characterized with high malignancy, rapid growth, early widespread metastasis, making it very difficult to treat. With the approval of immunotherapy for a variety of solid tumors including NSCLC, as a relatively immunogenic cancer species, relevant clinical researchs on SCLC are also underway and have made certain progress. More important...
Source: Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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