Large-scale survey of a neglected agent of sparganosis Spirometra erinaceieuropaei  (Cestoda: Diphyllobothriidae) in wild frogs in China

ConclusionsEating wild frogs is associated with considerable health risks in China. Several traditional Chinese folk remedies may increase the risk of infection. The sparganum isolates in China are most likely fromS.erinaceieuropaei, but new studies, especially comprehensive morphological analyses, are needed in the future.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Parasitology InternationalAuthor(s): Taisei Kikuchi, Haruhiko MaruyamaAbstractProliferative sparganosis is one of the most bizarre and mysterious parasitic diseases ever described. The causative parasite is Sparganum proliferum, which is a pseudophyllidean cestode distinct from Spirometra tapeworms. Here we overview this rare but fascinating disease with the all original case reports on human patients published in the last 115 years.Proliferative sparganosis is clearly divided into two disease types, cutaneous and internal proliferative sparganosis. Cutaneous typ...
Source: Parasitology International - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 3 December 2019Source: Veterinary ParasitologyAuthor(s): Yoko Nagamori, Mark E. Payton, Emily Looper, Hadley Apple, Eileen M. JohnsonAbstractOwnership of domestic cats in North America has been on the increase; however, there are only a few surveys conducted on the prevalence of parasitism in client-owned cats over years. Our study objective was to evaluate parasite prevalence through statistical analysis of fecal examination results for client-owned cats on samples submitted to the veterinary parasitology diagnostic laboratory of Oklahoma State University over a 12-year period. All resul...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2019Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and WildlifeAuthor(s): Xiao Xiao, Rui Qi, Hui-Ju Han, Jian-Wei Liu, Xiang-Rong Qin, Li-Zhu Fang, Chuan-Min Zhou, Xiao-Qing Gong, Si-Cong Lei, Xue-Jie YuAbstractSnakes are popular as food and traditional medicine in China. However, information about parasitic and bacterial infections in snakes from China is scarce. We investigated the prevalence of selected zoonotic agents including Cryptosporidium, Hepatozoon and Spirometra, in snakes in central China from June to October in 2018 by PCR amplification using parasite-sp...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
This study aimed to apply the pathoecology concept in Pedra do Tubarão and Cemitério do Caboclo archaeological sites. Six coprolite samples were analyzed and 1 was positive for Spirometra sp. eggs. Spirometra is a cestode that has copepods as the first intermediate host; amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals as the second intermediate hosts; and felines and canines as definitive hosts. Humans can be infected by ingesting the first or second intermediate hosts and can develop sparganosis, which can cause health consequences depending on the location of the spargana. The presence of this parasite, of a water...
Source: The Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: J Parasitol Source Type: research
Sparganosis, a rare and severe parasitic infection caused by the larvae of Spirometra species or simply sparganum, generally involves subcutaneous tissue or muscle. But occasionally, sparganum can also invade the...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research
Sparganosis mansoni is a parasitic disease caused by infection with the larvae of Spirometra spp. tapeworms. Its clinical manifestations and severity depend on the migration and the location of the parasites. The...
Source: BMC Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research
Authors: Oh MY, Kim KE, Kim MJ, Chu A, Lee JY, Park JH, Kim J, Hwang KT Abstract Sparganosis is a parasitic infestation caused by sparganum, a plerocercoid tapeworm larva of the genus Spirometra. Since the first case of human sparganosis reported in 1908, sparganosis has been a global disease, and is common in China, Japan, and Southeast Asian countries. Consumption of raw snakes, frogs, fish, or drinking contaminated beverages are sources of human infections. Human sparganosis usually manifests in subcutaneous fat in areas such as the abdomen, genitourinary tract, and limbs. Breast sparganosis cases are rare, repr...
Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Korean J Parasitol Source Type: research
We report a 20-year-old male with a past history of diarrhea and discharge of a strobila of a broad tapeworm from his anus 3 months ago. He again noticed passing a tapeworm strobila and he visited our hospital with the tapeworm sample. The macroscopic appearance and the pathological features strongly suggested Diphyllobothriasis. Soon after the first visit to our hospital, a capsule endoscopy was performed with the result of no evidence of strobilae or scoleces. Praziquantel at 20 mg/kg was orally administered once. Before drug administration, egg-like structures were present in the stool. They disappeared soon after d...
Source: Human Pathology: Case Reports - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 April 2019Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and WildlifeAuthor(s): Tomáš Scholz, Roman Kuchta, Jan BrabecAbstractTapeworms of the family Diphyllobothriidae, commonly known as broad tapeworms, are predominantly large-bodied parasites of wildlife capable of infecting humans as their natural or accidental host. Diphyllobothriosis caused by adults of the genera Dibothriocephalus, Adenocephalus and Diphyllobothrium is usually not a life-threatening disease. Sparganosis, in contrast, is caused by larvae (plerocercoids) of species of Spirometra and can hav...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
We present, for the first time, a study of human sparganosis diagnosed using NGS, which provided a clinically actionable diagnosis of a specific infectious disease from an uncommon pathogen. PMID: 30315893 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Infection, Genetics and Evolution - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Infect Genet Evol Source Type: research
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