Profiles of opinions among farmers and veterinarians towards the Tuberculosis Eradication Programme in cattle in Spain

Publication date: Available online 26 February 2020Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Giovanna Ciaravino, Josep Espluga, Jordi Casal, Alberto Pacios, Irene Mercader, Alberto Allepuz
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

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Authors: Ali S, Khan MT, Khan AS, Mohammad N, Khan MM, Ahmad S, Noor S, Jabbar A, Daire C, Hassan F Abstract Anti-tuberculosis therapy involves the combination of drugs to hamper the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). The emergence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a global concern. Pakistan has been ranked 5th position in terms of a high burden of MDR-TB in the world. The aim of the current study was to investigate the prevalence of drug resistance in MTB in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Random samples were collected from 25 districts using the simple random sampling formula. All samples were processe...
Source: Polish Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Pol J Microbiol Source Type: research
Authors: Goga A, Feucht U, Zar HJ, Vanker A, Wiysonge CS, McKerrow N, Wright CY, Loveday M, Odendaal W, Ramokolo V, Ramraj T, Bamford L, Green RJ, Pillay Y, Nannan N Abstract Although the neonatal mortality rate in South Africa (SA) has remained stagnant at 12 deaths per 1 000 live births, the infant and under-5 mortality rates have significantly declined since peaking in 2003. Policy changes that have influenced this decline include policies to prevent vertical HIV transmission, earlier treatment of children living with HIV, expanded immunisation policies, strengthening breastfeeding practices, and health policies...
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Goga A, Slogrove A, Wedderburn CJ, Feucht U, Wessels J, Ramokolo V, Bhana A, Du Plessis N, Green RJ, Pillay Y, Sherman G Abstract Over the past three decades, tremendous global progress in preventing and treating paediatric HIV infection has been achieved. This paper highlights the emerging health challenges of HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) children and the ageing population of children living with HIV (CLHIV), summarises programmatic opportunities for care, and highlights currently conducted research and remaining research priorities in high HIV-prevalence settings such as South Africa. Emerging health cha...
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Warren R, Ismail N, Chegou NN, Theron G, Walzl G, Malherbe ST, Kinnear CJ, Van der Spuy GD, Goosen W, Miller MA, Diacon AH, Van Helden PD Abstract The South African Medical Research Council Centre for Tuberculosis Research has a rich history of high-impact research that has influenced our understating of this hyper-epidemic which is further exacerbated by the emergence and spread of drug-resistant forms of the disease. This review aims to summarise the past 30 years of research conducted in the Centre which has influenced the way that tuberculosis (TB) is diagnosed and treated. The review includes the deve...
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
Conclusion. The SAMRC has contributed substantially to the growing field of alcohol research in SA, but gaps in areas such as alcohol policy evaluation, alcohol and its association with TB and cancer, and interventional research, are evident. PMID: 32252865 [PubMed - in process]
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Mathews C, Goga A, Loveday M, Zembe W, Daviaud E, Siegfried N, Lewin S Abstract Health policy and systems research (HPSR) guides health system reforms and is essential for South Africa (SA)'s progress towards universal coverage of high-quality healthcare. For HPSR evidence to inform and strengthen health systems, it needs to flow efficiently between evidence producers, evidence synthesisers, evidence processers and disseminators and evidence implementors in an evidence ecosystem. A substantial body of evidence for health systems strengthening is generated in SA, and this informs national and international ...
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
This report describes the methodology adopted and followed through the consensus process, which help elucidate the guidelines for initiating ATT in patients with choroidal TB. PMID: 32250731 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
Universal approaches to the prevention and treatment of human diseases fail to take into account profound immune diversity resulting from genetic variations across populations. Personalized or precision medicine takes into account individual lifestyle, environment, and biology (genetics and immune status) and is being adopted in several disease intervention strategies such as cancer and heart disease. However, its application in infectious diseases, particularly global diseases such as tuberculosis (TB), is far more complex and in a state of infancy. Here, we discuss the impact of human genetic variations on immune respons...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Source: Infection and Drug Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infection and Drug Resistance Source Type: research
Zororo Makamba wasn’t supposed to die of the novel coronavirus. Not just because of his age, which at 30 placed him well out of the at-risk category for COVID-19 complications, but because of who he was. A well-known, pro-government media personality in Zimbabwe, and the son of a prominent business mogul, Makamba had the wealth and the connections that should have guaranteed him the best care possible. Instead, on March 23, Zimbabwe’s first confirmed case of the coronavirus died alone in a quarantined hospital, three days after his diagnosis. Hospital staff, lacking protective equipment, were afraid to come nea...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news
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