Deep-learning algorithm helps assess dense breasts

Researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston have found that their...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Technologist-performed WBUS is helpful in dense breasts AI's clinical role in breast screening comes under scrutiny Breast ultrasound spots more cancers in dense breasts Ultrasound after DBT helpful in women with dense tissue Breast AI algorithm could reduce unnecessary surgery by 30%
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Abstract Intracavitary cardiac metastasis is a rare manifestation of primary lung cancer which can be associated with a very poor prognosis. In this condition, the right chambers of the heart are more commonly involved and the invasion of the left atrium (LA) through the venous routes is highly exceptional. Poorly differentiated large-cell neuroendocrine tumors also include only 3% of all primary lung carcinomas which can have adverse outcomes. Therefore, in this report, a rare case of a 72-year-old male patient with poorly differentiated large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the right lung spreading to the LA th...
Source: Clinical Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Clin Ultrasound Source Type: research
Authors: Pringle S, Wang X, Vissink A, Bootsma H, Kroese FGM Abstract The advent of immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy for treatment of cancers is unfortunately coupled with a broad panoply of side effects, related to non-specific activation of the immune system. One such side effect is the development of sicca complaints. This culminates in a proportion of patients who, according to the ACR-EULAR 2016 criteria, can be classified as suffering from the autoimmune disease primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). Although salivary gland (SG) loss of function is often seen after ICI therapy, the similarities with ...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
ConclusionThe presence of breast cancer does not significantly increase the likelihood for upgrade at a separate site of ipsilateral concurrent ADH above contemporary reported upgrade rates of ADH alone (10 –30%). When considering breast conservation for breast cancer, omitting excision of the site of ADH can be considered when low-risk features are present.
Source: Annals of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsPatients with ADH on CNB can be stratified into a low oncological cohort who have a 2% risk of being upstaged to carcinoma. In the future, these select patients may be counselled and potentially offered observation as an alternative to surgery.
Source: Annals of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Early evidence suggested the partial-gland HIFU was safer than whole-gland HIFU, and they had similar oncological outcomes. More prospective randomized controlled trials of whole-gland and partial-gland HIFU for PCa was needed.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Random FNA of the omentum in patients with malignancy-related ascites is highly effective in the diagnosis of PC and could be employed during EUS evaluation of malignancies. PMID: 33027585 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Endoscopy - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Clin Endosc Source Type: research
Authors: Hwang JS, Joo HD, Song TJ Abstract Surgical resection is considered the only treatment option for pancreatic cancer and other pancreatic neoplasms with malignant potential, such as neuroendocrine tumors, mucinous cystic neoplasms, and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms. However, only 10%-20% of all patients with pancreatic cancer present with resectable forms of the disease as the symptoms are rarely manifested during the early stages, and the disease tends to progress rapidly. Furthermore, pancreatic surgery is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. The development of linear-array en...
Source: Clinical Endoscopy - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Clin Endosc Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study demonstrated the feasibility of total laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy combined with vascular resection and artificial vascular graft reconstruction in properly selected cases of pancreatic cancer with vein involvement after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. It is worth noting that skilled laparoscopic technicians and effective teamwork are necessities for safe completion of the procedure.
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Liang X, Li Z, Zhang L, Wang D, Tian J Abstract To explore the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the differential diagnosis of molecular subtypes of breast cancer. Sixty-two cases of breast cancer were divided into luminal epithelium A or B subtype (luminal A/B), Her-2 over-expression subtype and triple negative subtype (TN). CEUS and routine ultrasonography were performed for all patients before surgery. (1) The luminal epithelium subtype contrast enhancement pattern was more likely to present with radial edge (76.92%, p
Source: Ultrasonic Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Ultrason Imaging Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeIn presence of indeterminate lesions by fine needle aspiration (FNA), thyroid cancer cannot always be easily diagnosed by conventional cytology. As a consequence, unnecessary removal of thyroid gland is performed in patients without cancer based on the lack of optimized diagnostic criteria. Aim of this study is identifying a molecular profile based on long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) expression capable to discriminate between benign and malignant nodules.MethodsPatients were subjected to surgery (n = 19) for cytologic suspicious thyroid nodules or to FNA biopsy (n = 135) for thyroid ...
Source: Endocrine - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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