Detecting chronic liver disease: are liver function tests the solution?

This article addresses the pitfalls of the standard panel of liver function tests, discusses other non-invasive biomarkers and reviews imaging technologies which may revolutionise community-based diagnosis and stratification of chronic liver disease. PMID: 32097065 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: British Journal of Hospital Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Br J Hosp Med (Lond) Source Type: research

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Authors: Gold PA, Garbarino L, Sodhi N, Barrack R, Springer BD, Mont MA Abstract The demographics of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients are changing. Individuals are more active, younger, and more obese. These changing demographics and a higher demand for longevity creates a new challenge for reliable and long-term implant fixation. Historically, cemented fixation has remained the gold standard, as cementless design and techniques from the 1980s and 1990s did not obtain long-term positive outcomes due to a failure of ingrowth onto the implants. Advances in the modern-day cementless TKA designs appear to have ov...
Source: Surgical Technology International - Category: Surgery Tags: Surg Technol Int Source Type: research
Authors: Klement RJ PMID: 32212835 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Expert Rev Anticancer Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Goto D, Komeda K, Uwatoko N, Nakashima M, Koike M, Kawai K, Kodama Y, Miyazawa A, Tanaka I, Hase T, Morise M, Hasegawa Y, Kawabe T, Sato M Abstract We evaluated the value of UHRF1, a regulator of methylation, as a biomarker for lung cancer. UHRF1 is expressed at higher levels in both lung adenocarcinoma (AD) and squamous cell carcinoma (SQ); however, a meta-analysis showed that UHRF1 expression is correlated with worse survival in patients with AD but not in those with SQ. UHRF1 knockdown suppressed the growth of lung cancer cell lines through G1 cell cycle arrest in some cell lines. These results suggest ...
Source: Cancer Investigation - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Cancer Invest Source Type: research
(CNN) — Whether you eat breakfast might be linked with your risk of dying early from cardiovascular disease, according to a new study. Skipping breakfast was significantly associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular-related death, especially stroke-related death, in the study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology on Monday. After a person’s age, sex, race, socioeconomic status, diet, lifestyle, body mass index and disease status were taken into account, the study found that those who never had breakfast had a 87% higher risk of cardiovascular mortality compared with people who h...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News CNN Heart Disease Source Type: news
Increasing Upstream Chromatin Long–Range Interactions May Favor Induction of Circular RNAs in LysoPC-Activated Human Aortic Endothelial Cells Angus Li1,2†, Yu Sun1†, Charles Drummer IV1, Yifan Lu1, Daohai Yu3, Yan Zhou4, Xinyuan Li1, Simone J. Pearson1, Candice Johnson1, Catherine Yu5, William Y. Yang1, Kevin Mastascusa1, Xiaohua Jiang1, Jianxin Sun6, Thomas Rogers7, Wenhui Hu1, Hong Wang1 and Xiaofeng Yang1,7* 1Center for Metabolic Disease Research, Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, United States 2Department of Biomedical Engineering, Pratt School of Engineering...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Smith Etareri Evivie1,2†, Amro Abdelazez1,3, Bailiang Li1†, Xin Bian4, Wan Li1, Jincheng Du1, Guicheng Huo1* and Fei Liu1 1Key Laboratory of Dairy Science, Ministry of Education, College of Food Sciences, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China 2Food Science and Nutrition Unit, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria 3Department of Dairy Microbiology, Animal Production Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt 4Department of Food Engineering, Harbin University of Commerce, Harbin, China Foodborne pathogens are a ma...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The obesity-related SNP rs545854 was correlated with the serum uric acid level and risk of hyperuricemia in a male Chinese population. Therefore, men carrying this SNP could benefit from limiting their meat consumption to prevent hyperuricemia. These findings suggest an underlying genetic link between obesity and hyperuricemia worthy of further exploration. Introduction Serum uric acid (SUA) is a final product of the metabolic breakdown of purine oxidation (1). Since humans lack the gene for uricase that converts uric acid into a soluble form, the human uric acid level tends to be higher than that of othe...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In this study, we explore shared epigenetic mechanisms of the association between mtDNA content and insulin levels, supporting the developmental origins of this link. First, the association between cord blood insulin and mtDNA content in 882 newborns of the ENVIRONAGE birth cohort was assessed. Cord blood mtDNA content was established via qPCR, while cord blood levels of insulin were determined using electrochemiluminescence immunoassays. Then the cord blood DNA methylome and transcriptome were determined in 179 newborns, using the human 450K methylation Illumina and Agilent Whole Human Genome 8 × 60 K microarrays, r...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Publication date: 8 March 2017 Source:Neurocomputing, Volume 228 Author(s): Paul Fergus, Abir J. Hussain, John Hearty, Stuart Fairclough, Lynne Boddy, Kelly Mackintosh, Gareth Stratton, Nicky Ridgers, Dhiya Al-Jumeily, Ahmed J. Aljaaf, Jenet Lunn The growing trend of obesity and overweight worldwide has reached epidemic proportions with one third of the global population now considered obese. This is having a significant medical impact on children and adults who are at risk of developing osteoarthritis, coronary heart disease and stroke, type 2 diabetes, cancers, respiratory problems, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease...
Source: Neurocomputing - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
DiscussionPolycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects 6-8% of reproductive-age women making it the most common endocrinopathy in this age group. There is no consensus on the specific diagnostic criteria for PCOS in adolescents as many of the characteristics overlap with normal adolescent physiology. However, patients should have evidence of hyperandrogenism, oligo- or amenorrhea, and potentially polycystic ovaries. PCOS has a genetic component although a specific gene has not been identified. Incidence of PCOS is 20-40% for a woman with a family history. Hyperandrogenism Androgen levels change during puberty therefore actual ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
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