Perceived patient benefits from using prescription opioids and other therapies to manage persistent pain.

CONCLUSION: Overall, PP patients felt the benefits of opioid use outweighed the risks, and using opioid medication sig-nificantly improved their quality of life. This may be partly due to the poor efficacy of other nonprescription medications and complementary therapies in managing PP beyond short-term relief. PMID: 32091612 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Opioid Management - Category: Addiction Tags: J Opioid Manag Source Type: research

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The overprescribing of opioid pain relievers (OPR) has led to a significant increase in opioid addiction and overdose. A cornerstone of combating the opioid epidemic is the development of peri-operative evidence based guidelines to standardize OPR prescribing practices and of opioid sparing Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols. ERAS has been found to reduce the volume of OPR prescribed while improving outcomes and overall patient satisfaction in adult gynecologic and multiple pediatric surgical specialties.
Source: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Mort SC, Díaz SR, Miller C, Bowlby M, Henderson D, Beverly EA Abstract Context: Recreational use of opioids is a growing problem in the United States, particularly in the Midwest. Educators have called for inclusion of pain- and opioid-specific courses in health professional school curricula, yet more research is needed to address future prescribers' beliefs, experiences, and postgraduate plans related to opioids. Objective: To examine health professional students' perceived severity of the opioid crisis and opioid-related beliefs, experiences, and postgraduate plans. Methods: Using a descri...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
The US Department of Health and Human Services estimates that more than 2 million Americans suffer from opioid use disorder with approximately 115 deaths/day due to opioid-related overdoses. In response to these rising rates of opioid overdose and addiction, growing numbers of patients are being treated with buprenorphine. However, there is no consensus on the optimal perioperative management of patients on buprenorphine. There has been conflict between anesthesia and addiction providers on whether to stop buprenorphine before surgery to allow for use of full agonist opioids or continue buprenorphine through the perioperat...
Source: Pain Management Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
More than 25 million Americans suffer from daily chronic pain, a highly debilitating medical condition that is complex and difficult to manage. In recent decades, there has been an overreliance on the prescription of opioids for chronic pain, contributing to a significant and alarming epidemic of opioid overdose deaths and addiction. Innovative scientific solutions to develop non-opioid, non-addictive alternative treatment options are thus urgently needed. One of the goals of the Helping to End Addiction Long-term (HEAL) Initiative is to accelerate the discovery and preclinical development of new medications and devices to...
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video
More than 25 million Americans suffer from daily chronic pain, a highly debilitating medical condition that is complex and difficult to manage. In recent decades, there has been an overreliance on the prescription of opioids for chronic pain, contributing to a significant and alarming epidemic of opioid overdose deaths and addiction. Innovative scientific solutions to develop non-opioid, non-addictive alternative treatment options are thus urgently needed. One of the goals of the Helping to End Addiction Long-term (HEAL) Initiative is to accelerate the discovery and preclinical development of new medications and devices to...
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video
Abstract Opioid addiction and overdose are at record levels in the United States. This is driven, in part, by their widespread prescription for the treatment of pain, which also increased opportunity for diversion by sensation-seeking users. Despite considerable research on the neurobiology of addiction, treatment options for opioid abuse remain limited. Mood disorders, particularly depression, are often comorbid with both pain disorders and opioid abuse. The endogenous opioid system, a complex neuromodulatory system, sits at the neurobiological convergence point of these three comorbid disease states. We review e...
Source: Annual Review of Neuroscience - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Annu Rev Neurosci Source Type: research
Authors: Hanna MN, Chambers C, Punyala A, Iqbal A, Singh B, Oruc C, Prakash P, Prajapati Y, Wang Y, Amery Ai Z, Shechter R, Speed TJ, Koch CG, Williams K Abstract The use of opioid analgesics for pain management has increased dramatically over the past decade, with corresponding increases in negative sequelae including overdose and death. Physicians, policymakers, and researchers are focused on finding ways to decrease opioid use and overdose. This crisis calls for a coordinated response that includes the entire healthcare sector. In this work, the authors lay out a blueprint for such a response at the level of the...
Source: Journal of Opioid Management - Category: Addiction Tags: J Opioid Manag Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Given increasing rates of opioid addiction and death, viable solutions are universally needed. Successful intervention measures should be widely shared between military, veteran, and civilian healthcare and public health communities. Increased collaboration between these groups could inculcate successful programs to prevent and decrease opioid use. Results received from recent military and veterans' programs for prescription and electronic medical record (EMR) monitoring and data sharing may also prove useful for civilian healthcare providers and hospital systems. Future evaluations from ongoing federally fund...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There appear to be unpredictable, positive sequelae that ranged from improvements in mental illness symptoms to reduction in physical pain and morphine withdrawal symptoms. Also, an LSD overdose while in early pregnancy did not appear to cause harm to the fetus. PMID: 32048609 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research
New largescale study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine found overprescription of opioids by dentists common, particularly to patients at high risk for substance abuse, and that almost 1/3 of patients received more powerful drugs than neededElsevierIMAGE: In this cross-sectional analysis of 542,958 dental visits by adult patients, between 1 in 4 and 1 in 2 opioid prescriptions exceeded the recommended morphine equivalents and days'supply for...viewmore Credit: Michelle S. Woods Ann Arbor, February 4, 2020 - Dentists are among top prescribers of opioids in the US, however, whether their opioid prescrib...
Source: Dental Technology Blog - Category: Dentistry Source Type: news
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