The risk of deliberate self-harm following a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis: a population-based cohort study - Kuriya B, Vigod S, Luo J, Widdifield J, Haroon N.

OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are associated with mental illness. The risk of serious mental illness, including deliberate self-harm (DSH), in these conditions is not well known. We aimed to determine if RA or AS inde...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

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This study was designed to assess the possible relationships between CV abnormalities and cancer among RA/PsA/AS patients. Between March 2014 and March 2015, 414 patients (214 RA, 125 PsA, and 75 SA) in sinus rhythm without known cardiac disease underwent clinical and color Doppler echocardiographic evaluation and were prospectively followed up. Patients had a mean age of 58  ± 12 years, 64% women. Forty-two patients (10.1%) had a diagnosis of cancer (made before enrollment in 24 cases and in 18 cases during the 36 months of follow-up). Skin cancer was the most frequent malignancy found, foll...
Source: Internal and Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
r T Abstract BACKGROUND: Cytokines and associated intracellular signal cascades play a major role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. Janus kinases (JAK) are part of these intracellular signal transduction processes. A relatively new drug group of targeted synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (tsDMARD) are JAK inhibitors (JAKi) and are a promising treatment approach for autoimmune diseases. EFFICACY: Hitherto, three JAKis, Tofacitinib, Baricitinib and Upadacitinib, have been approved for treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) in the USA, Switzerland and the EU. Filgotinib, an...
Source: Zeitschrift fur Rheumatologie - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Z Rheumatol Source Type: research
In conclusion, reduced activity of SPPL2a protease in monocytes from AS predisposes to endosomal accumulation of CD74 and CD74 N-terminal fragments, which, upon IFNγ-exposure, is deposited at the plasma membrane and can be recognized by anti-CD74/CLIP autoantibodies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32198923 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Eur J Immunol Source Type: research
Authors: Asan G, Derin ME, Doğan HO, Bayram M, Şahin M, Şahin A Abstract BACKGROUND: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autoinflammatory disease that has self-limiting inflammatory attacks during polyserositis. Hepcidin is a protein, and interleukin-6 stimulation increases hepcidin levels. Calprotectin (CLP) is a recently defined cytokine released from monocytes and neutrophils in response to tissue trauma and inflammation. There are studies in the literature showing that it can be used as a biomarker in rheumatic diseases such as ankylosing spondylitis and rheumatoid arthritis. Here, we compared the level...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionRamadan intermittent fasting is observed by Muslims from sunrise to sunset and alternated with moments of re-feeding. The aims of this study were to assess the impact of Ramadan fasting on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthritis (SpA) activity and to assess its impact on chronic medications intake in patients with rheumatic diseases.MethodsThis prospective monocentric study included patients with RA or SpA who fasted during Ramadan of 2019. The disease activity and the managing of chronic medications were assessed and compared between two visits: the first one 6  months before starting Rama...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVES: The association between Interleukin (IL)-17A and IL-17F gene polymorphism with inflammatory arthritis were inconsistent among previous studies. This meta-analysis aimed to determine the association between IL-17A and IL-17F gene polymorphism with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We searched Medline up to August 2019. The summary Odds Ratio (OR) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) was calculated to evaluate the relationship between IL-17A and IL-17F gene polymorphism with genetic susceptibility of AS, OA and RA. RES...
Source: Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Clin Immunol Source Type: research
Abstract Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory polyarthritis that typically affects the small joints but can also involve the manubriosternal joint (MSJ). Although cases of MSJ involvement in RA are rare, such cases present with chest pain, a mass-like lesion, and subluxation. These cases can also be diagnosed incidentally, while patients are asymptomatic. It is important to differentiate RA involving the MSJ from other diseases such as ankylosing spondylitis that can affect the MSJ. Several cases of RA affecting the MSJ have been reported in Western countries, but none have been reported to date in As...
Source: Zeitschrift fur Rheumatologie - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Z Rheumatol Source Type: research
Authors: Park D, Kwon Y Abstract Background: In drug therapy for patients with arthritis, a naproxen/esomeprazole combination drug may be a tolerable choice because it can minimize gastrointestinal and cardiovascular adverse effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in quality of life (QOL), medication adherence, and satisfaction after switch from the existing drug to the combination drug. In addition, we analyzed the correlation between the above-mentioned variables and the stratified demographic and medical data of the patients. Methods: A prospective, noninterventional, observational stud...
Source: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Clin Orthop Surg Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese preliminary results demonstrate that UPLC-TQ-MS analysis method is a powerful tool to identify metabolite profiles of AS. Research in identified disease activity –associated metabolites and biological pathways may provide assistance for clinical diagnosis and pathological mechanism of AS.Key Points• There are perturbations of serum amino acid metabolism in AS, compared with RA and healthy controls, determined by UPLC-TQ-MS.• Metabolomics pathway is used to analysis for the differential metabolites of AS.• The altered serum amino acid could monitor disease activity of AS.
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
In this study, 11 circRNAs (hsa_circ_0000479, hsa_circ_0002316, hsa_circ_0000317, hsa_circ_0082688, hsa_circ_0082689, hsa_circ_0087798, hsa_circ_0008529, hsa_circ_0000787, hsa_circ_0021727, hsa_circ_0000175, and hsa_circ_0003694) which were found to be significantly up-regulated in both peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from SLE patients in our previous study, and T cells from SLE patients in previous literature, were chosen for validation by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in PBMCs from 50 new-onset SLE patients, 24 new-onset rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, 24 new-onset ankylosing...
Source: Autoimmunity - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Autoimmunity Source Type: research
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