Elevated Serum TNF- α Is Related to Obesity in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Is Associated with Glycemic Control and Insulin Resistance.

Conclusion: TNF-α is associated with concurrent obesity and T2DM and correlates with HbA1c. This suggests that TNF-α needs further investigation to explore if it has a role in monitoring the effectiveness of management in individuals with obesity and T2DM.α) is a cytokine that is released by adipocytes and inflammatory cells in response to chronic inflammation. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is believed to be associated with low-grade chronic inflammation. The current study aims to investigate the involvement of leptin and TNF-α) is a cytokine that is released by adipocytes and inflammatory cells in response to chronic inflammation. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is believed to be associated with low-grade chronic inflammation. The current study aims to investigate the involvement of leptin and TNF. PMID: 32089876 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS These results indicate that GDLP against T2DM-induced hepatic steatosis, oxidative stress, and inflammation by improving the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway in db/db mice, suggesting the GDLP may serve as an effective strategy for in fatty liver treatment. PMID: 32245940 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQL) is an important outcome for chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus that is associated with complications, comorbidities, and lifelong care. OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to explore the impact of comorbidities on the different dimensions of HRQL among type 2 diabetic patients attending primary care. METHODS: A total of 912 type 2 diabetic patients attending primary care centers in India were assessed using a predesigned and pretested questionnaire - Diabetes Comorbidity Evaluation Tool in Primary Care. The HRQL was measured by physical an...
Source: Primary Care - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Prim Health Care Res Dev Source Type: research
Authors: Popa A, Georgescu M, Popa SG, Nica AE, Georgescu EF Abstract Steadily, cancer is becoming the first cause of mortality, with over 9 million deaths estimated in 2018. Increasing evidence supports a direct association between obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cancer, with a higher risk of cancer mortality especially for some of the most common malignancies, such as breast, colon, and rectal cancers. So far, several mechanisms underlying the cancer-diabetes relationship have been investigated revealing dysregulations of the insulin-insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system as the most important parad...
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - Category: General Medicine Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research
AbstractTestosterone (T) plays a pivotal role in coordinating a series of psychological, cognitive and physical events that might (or might not) culminate in male sexual activity. In fact, T deficiency is associated, in a statistically significant way, with several sexual dysfunctions including erectile dysfunction (ED), reduction of spontaneous erection and hypoactive sexual desire (HSD). Although these associations are statistically significant, there is debate if they are also clinically meaningful. In addition, sexual dysfunctions are present also in several metabolic conditions ‐ such as type 2 diabetes mellitus and...
Source: Andrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research
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Source: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Bariatric surgery does not confer a uniform improvement in lipid profile in the long term. It does, however, induce efficient weight loss and improvement in diabetic profile, even in those on preoperative statins. PMID: 32241069 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Singapore Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Singapore Med J Source Type: research
nson Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of interrelated conditions that is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Oxidative stress may impair normal physiological functions, leading to various illnesses. T2DM is considered to be associated with increased oxidative stress, inflammation, and dyslipidemia, which may play a significant role in the development of cardiovascular complications, cancer and vision loss through cataracts and retinopathy. While conventional therapies are a cornerstone for the management of the major risk factors of metabolic syndrome, i...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
As recently summarized1, there are only four randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) comparing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) with sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and providing level I evidence up to 5 years after randomization.2-5 None of the individual studies were primarily designed and adequately powered to compare the effects of RYGB with SG on T2DM. However, combined analysis of these RCTs (i.e. meta-analysis) in order to increase the sample size and statistical power (RYGB, n=176 versus SG, n=175) would indicate that either there is no significant long-term difference between RYGB...
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
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