Alcohol Abstinence Lowers Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence Risk

Regular drinkers with atrial fibrillation who drastically reduced their alcohol consumption had fewer arrhythmia recurrences, a multicenter Australian trial published in the New England Journal of Medicine found.
Source: JAMA - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

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Tatjana PS Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with increased risk of death, stroke and heart failure. The prevalence and incidence of AF is increasing due to better overall medical treatment, longer survival and increasing incidence of cardiometabolic and lifestyle risk factors. Treatment of AF and AF-related complications significantly increase health-care costs. In addition, use of conventional rhythm control strategies (i.g. antiarrhyhtmic drugs and catheter-ablation) is associated with limited efficacy for sinus rhythm maintenance and serious adverse effe...
Source: Polish Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Kardiol Pol Source Type: research
AbstractAtrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. We designed an umbrella review to systematically assess the epidemiological credibility of the associations of non-genetic factors with risk of AF. We searched PubMed and EMBASE from inception to December 31, 2018 to identify systematic reviews and meta-analyses of observational studies for the association of non-genetic factors with risk of AF. For each meta-analysis, we used the random-effects model, and we estimated the 95% confidence and prediction intervals. We also assessed between-study heterogeneity, small-study effects and excess significance ...
Source: European Journal of Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
This middle-aged man with no cardiac history but with significant history of methamphetamin and alcohol use presented with chest pain and SOB, worsening over days, with orthopnea.BP:143/99, Pulse 109, Temp 37.2 °C (99 °F), Resp (!) 32, SpO2 95%On exam, he was tachypneic and had bibasilar crackles.Here was his ED ECG:There is sinus tachycardia (rate about 114) with nonspecific ST-T abnormalities.There is a large peaked P-wave in lead II (right atrial enlargement)There is left axis deviation consistent with left anterior fascicular block.There are nonspecific ST-T abnormalities.There is no evidence of infarction or i...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Being in a dry environment, such as on a plane, can cause dehydration and heart issues. According to Mellanie True Hills, CEO of, a patient advocacy organization that hosts the number one arrhythmia site and one of the top five heart disease sites worldwide, “The significantly dry air on a plane wicks moisture out of the body, causing dehydration quickly. Dehydration thickens the blood and depletes the body of essential minerals such as potassium and magnesium. Magnesium regulates the heart rhythm and potassium helps it work. Inadequate levels of potassium or magnesium can trigger abnormal heart rhythms,...
Source: Embrace Your Heart Wellness Initiative - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Diet and Nutrition Tips Heart Health Source Type: blogs
The objective of this research article was to assess the trend of hospitalization, epidemiological characteristics and economic burden in the young adult, aged 18–45 years, presenting with atrial fibrillation.MethodsHospitalization data from the National Inpatient Sample between 2005 and 2015 were used to analyze prevalence of risk factors and financial burden in young adults with atrial fibrillation.ResultsFrom 2005 to 2015, a total of 260,080 admissions were included in the study. From 2005 to 2015, there was a decreasing trend of total admissions with atrial fibrillation among the age group of 18–45 years co...
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: AUD patients with excessive alcohol use had a higher risk of arrhythmia and sudden death compared to the control group. Consideration of ECG and referral to cardiologic examinations would contribute to the follow-up and health of patients with AUD. PMID: 32065846 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders - Category: Primary Care Tags: Prim Care Companion CNS Disord Source Type: research
THURSDAY, Jan. 2, 2020 -- In regular drinkers with atrial fibrillation, abstinence from alcohol reduces arrhythmia recurrences, according to a study published in the Jan. 2 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. Aleksandr Voskoboinik, M.B.,...
Source: - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
ConclusionThere has been a significant increase in primary prevention practices for AF and this is reflected in the number of stroke patients presenting with known AF on a NOAC, however more needs to be done as there are still patients who have AF that are not being anticoagulated in the community.
Source: Age and Ageing - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS) has been associated with significant medical complications and length of stay. Cardiovascular effects from AWS include a physiologic tachycardia and hypertensive response. While atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most common arrhythmias, the impact of a known history of AF on AWS is unclear. The purpose of our study is to assess the impact of history of AF on clinical outcomes, cost and length of stay on AWS. The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was used to identify patients aged 18 years or older who underwent AWS with or without AF using the International Classification of Disease 9 Clini...
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsDue to worse outcomes with arrhythmias, there is a need for better screening and follow-up of ESLD patients for dysrhythmias.
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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