Anti-IgE Medication Lessens Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis Severity

Omalizumab, an anti-IgE medication approved to treat asthma and hives, significantly reduced children ’s atopic dermatitis severity and improved their quality of life, according to a trial in JAMA Pediatrics.
Source: JAMA - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Eosinophils are cells endowed with multiple functions and their modulation with monoclonal antibodies and nutraceuticals may be effective in the treatment of chronic disease. Other: Mostly, in asthma, eosinophils provoke airway damage via release of granule contents and IL-13 with mucus hypersecretion and differentiation of Goblet cells. Then, tissue remodeling follows with secretion of transforming growth factor-β. Eosinophils are able to kill helminth larvae acting as antigen presenting cells with involvement of T helper (h)-2 cells and subsequent antibody response. However, they also exert pro-worm acti...
Source: Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Håvard Ove Skjerven, Eva Maria Rehbinder, Riyas Vettukattil, Marissa LeBlanc, Berit Granum, Guttorm Haugen, Gunilla Hedlin, Linn Landrø, Benjamin J Marsland, Knut Rudi, Kathrine Dønvold Sjøborg, Cilla Söderhäll, Anne Cathrine Staff, Kai-Håkon Carlsen, Anna Asarnoj, Karen Eline Stensby Bains, Oda C Lødrup Carlsen, Kim M Advocaat Endre, Peder Annæus Granlund, Johanne Uthus HermansenSummaryBackgroundSkin emollients applied during early infancy could prevent atopic dermatitis, and early comple...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
We report a case of an 8-year-old boy who developed a cochineal allergy.Current disease history: He has been suffering from atopic dermatitis, bronchial asthma, and food allergies since childhood. At the age of seven, he experienced an unknown anaphylaxis reaction twice. When he was 8 years old, he ate a frankfurter containing hypoallergenic cochineal for the first time; cold sweat, intraoral discomfort, respiratory distress, and urticaria appeared throughout the body. His skin prick tests were positive, with a result of 2+to frankfurter and cochineal dyes (color value 0.1 and 0.01). In the immunoblot assay, binding of IgE...
Source: Arerugi - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Arerugi Source Type: research
The use of biologics has breathed new life into asthma management. They have provided truly life changing improvement for those with atopic dermatitis, chronic idiopathic urticaria, and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis. After a biologic has been chosen, the next challenge is making the medication available to the patient. Ongoing changes in medication delivery like at-home administration, insurance coverage, and reimbursement have made prescribing biologics and monitoring these patients a moving target.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Perspective Source Type: research
The use of biologics has breathed new life into asthma management. They have provided truly life-changing improvement for those with atopic dermatitis, chronic idiopathic urticaria, and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis. After a biologic has been chosen, the next challenge is making the medication available to the patient. Ongoing changes in medication delivery, such as at-home administration, insurance coverage, and reimbursement, have made prescribing biologics and monitoring these patients a moving target.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Perspective Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewProgestogen hypersensitivity (PH) is a condition which typically occurs in women in childbearing years with a spectrum of symptoms ranging from urticaria with or without angioedema, dermatitis to systemic anaphylaxis. Herein, a clinical case of PH is presented followed by a discussion on the evaluation, diagnosis, and management of PH.Recent FindingsProgestogen hypersensitivity (a.k.a. “autoimmune progesterone dermatitis”) symptoms are associated with exogenous progestin exposure (e.g., contraceptive medicines, in vitro fertilization therapy) or endogenous progesterone from progesterone...
Source: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This article provides highlights of the clinically impactful original studies and reviews published in The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice in 2019 on the subjects of anaphylaxis, asthma, dermatitis, drug allergy, food allergy, immunodeficiency, immunotherapy, rhinitis/sinusitis, and urticaria/angioedema/mast cell disorders. Within each topic, practical aspects of diagnosis and management are emphasized. Treatments discussed include lifestyle modifications, allergen avoidance therapy, positive and negative effects of pharmacologic therapy, and various forms of immunologic and desensitization manageme...
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Recent studies have highlighted the multidimensional effect of atopic dermatitis (AD) and urticaria. Patient burden for these conditions is largely driven by the intense itching, sleep disturbance, comorbidities, and mental health illness associated with these diseases.1-3 Immunologic, microbial, and epithelial interactions have been reported to play an important role in AD.4,5 Novel therapies and management approaches are targeting the mechanisms underlying AD and urticaria.6,7 The current issue of the Annals contains 3 outstanding reviews that update readers on the pathophysiology and evolving treatments for AD and chronic urticaria.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
We report here a case of an elderly patient with refractory BP whose symptoms of pruritus and blistering became well-controlled with the addition of dupilumab to the treatment regimen.
Source: Dermatology Online Journal - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
AbstractThe European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) supports three journals: Allergy, Paediatric Allergy and Immunology as well as Clinical and Translational Allergy. The major goals of EAACI include (i) supporting health promotion in which the  prevention of allergy and asthma plays a critical role and (ii) disseminating the knowledge of allergy to all stakeholders including the EAACI junior members. Substantial progress was made in 2018 in the identification of basic mechanisms of atopic dermatitis and urticaria and the translation of t hese mechanisms into clinics. Many large epidemiologic studi...
Source: Clinical and Translational Allergy - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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