Abnormal Intestinal Microbiome in Medical Disorders and Potential Reversibility by Fecal Microbiota Transplantation

AbstractReduction in diversity of the intestinal microbiome (dysbiosis) is being identified in many disease states, and studies are showing important biologic contributions of microbiome to health and disease. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is being evaluated as a way to reverse dysbiosis in diseases and disorders in an attempt to improve health. The published literature was reviewed to determine the value of FMT in the treatment of medical disorders for which clinical trials have recently been conducted. FMT is effective in treating recurrentC. difficile infection in one or two doses, with many healthy donors providing efficacious fecal-derived products. In inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), FMT may lead to remission in approximately one-third of moderate-to-severe illnesses with one study suggesting that more durable FMT responses may be seen when used once medical remissions have been achieved. Donor products differ in their efficacy in treatment of IBD. Combining donor products has been one way to increase the potential value of FMT in treating chronic disorders. FMT is being explored in a variety of clinical settings affecting different organ systems outside CDI, with positive preliminary signals, in treatment of functional constipation, immunotherapy-induced colitis, neurodegenerative disease, as well as prevention of cancer-related disorders like graft versus host disease and decolonization of patients with recurrent urinary tract infection due to antibiotic-res...
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research

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Most women who are notified by mail that they have a high risk of breast cancer are unlikely to do anything about it, a small study suggests.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Radiology Headlines - Category: Radiology Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Source Type: news
ConclusionsOur study reveals the need for targeted patient ‐education about the benefits and limitations of follow‐up. In order to meet increasing costs of cancer care, individualized follow‐up procedures adjusted to risk of recurrence and late‐effects in cervical cancer survivors are warranted.
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Radiation therapy vendor Varian Medical Systems has added new artificial intelligence...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Varian gets FDA nod for Ethos adaptive therapy unit Varian posts strong Q1 sales growth as profit slips Varian installs systems in Africa, U.S. Varian awarded Mich. cancer software contract Varian posts continued revenue gains in Q4, fiscal 2019
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
AbstractNeuropathic pain (NeP) is an intractable pain caused by a lesion or disease of the somatosensory nervous system. NeP is often challenging to manage because most of the mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Recent investigations in the field of autoimmune neurology have demonstrated that specific autoantibodies against antigens in the somatosensory pathway can cause NeP. Detection of pathogenic autoantibodies in NeP adds to the understanding of the mechanism of pain, which might aid in the development of novel immunotherapies. Therefore, it is necessary to explore novel NeP ‐related autoantibodies to improve the man...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Neuroimmunology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research
We’re tackling a few urgent questions from parents in this time of coronavirus and COVID-19. Are you wondering if babies and children should continue to have vaccines on schedule? Thinking about how to manage regular medical appointments, and which situations require in-person visits to a pediatric practice? Read on. Should parents take babies for initial vaccines right now? What about toddlers and older children who are due for vaccines? The answer to this question is going to depend on many factors, including what your doctor’s office is offering. As with all health care decisions, it comes down to weighing r...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Adolescent health Children's Health Health care Parenting Vaccines Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 30 March 2020Source: Journal of EthnopharmacologyAuthor(s): Zu-Jun Que, Bin Luo, Chen-Tong Wang, Fang-Fang Qian, Yi Jiang, Yan Li, Xiang-Hui Han, He-Gen Li, Jia-Xiang Liu, Jian-Hui Tian
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 March 2020Source: International Journal of PharmaceuticsAuthor(s): Afshin Nikkhoo, Narges Rostami, Shohreh Farhadi, Maryam Esmaily, Sadaf Moghadaszadeh Ardebili, Fatemeh Atyabi, Masoumeh Baghaei, Navideh Haghnavaz, Mehdi Yousefi, Mohammad Reza Aliparasti, Ghasem Ghalamfarsa, Hamed Mohammadi, Mozhdeh Sojoodi, Farhad Jadidi-Niaragh
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study evaluated the distribution of the crizotinib patient information brochure (PIB) in Europe and patient knowledge of the key messages in the PIB. A cross‐sectional survey was conducted in 10 European countries among pa tients who received crizotinib to ascertain whether each patient received and read the PIB, and his/her knowledge of its key messages on hepatotoxicity, interstitial lung disease/pneumonitis, QTc prolongation, bradycardia, and vision disorders. Of the 341 patients contacted, 40 responded (11.7%), an d 39 patients were eligible. A total of 77% of respondents acknowledged receiving the PIB, of which...
Source: Pharmacology Research and Perspectives - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
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Source: Pharmacology Research and Perspectives - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
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Source: Pharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Special Article Source Type: research
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