The impact of mode of subsequent birth after obstetric anal sphincter injury on bowel function and related quality of life: a cohort study

ConclusionsFor women with previous OASI, a subsequent vaginal birth is suitable for those with no bowel symptoms and normal EAUS and caesarean section is reasonable for women who do not have normal bowel functionand/or normal EAUS findings; however, for some of these women bowel symptoms and QoL may be worsened.
Source: International Urogynecology Journal - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To construct international ultrasound-based standards for cerebellar growth and Sylvian fissure maturation. METHODS: Healthy, well-nourished pregnant women, enrolled at
Source: The Ultrasound Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Earlier GA at diagnosis was associated with an increased risk of aneuploidy and worse pregnancy outcomes, including higher risk of perinatal loss. Fetal therapy was significantly associated with lower perinatal mortality. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32196790 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Ultrasound Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
This article collates and simplifies the main points to the level of detail needed by a team manager. It also points to more in-depth resources for those who might need them. Background on Ultrasound Physics Firstly, let’s talk a bit about what an ultrasound machine actually does. Most ultrasound machines are diagnostic—they are intended to inform a healthcare practitioner of internal health issues not visible from the outside. Fun fact: the first ultrasound machines were actually developed for identifying flaws within metal beams, and medical applications came later. Whether used for he...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Electronics Source Type: news
ConclusionsNIPT has been widely adopted throughout Europe, Australia and the USA, but only some countries/states have a national policy on the use of NIPT. The variation in NIPT utilization is considerable.
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: After implementing the new guideline, the re-audit demonstrates a reduction in the number of requested ultrasound scans without any compromise on the perinatal outcome. PMID: 32203823 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Reproductive Biology - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol Source Type: research
Abstract Point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) is performed by a physician at the bedside and is standard practice in obstetric, emergency, and musculoskeletal medicine. When compared with formal sonography, POCUS is equivalent in screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm and as accurate in diagnosing deep venous thrombosis. POCUS has high accuracy for diagnosing pneumonia and detecting acute decompensated heart failure but is less accurate than computed tomography for identifying pulmonary embolism. POCUS confirmation of intrauterine pregnancy rules out an ectopic pregnancy. In the third trimester of high-risk preg...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe highest incidence of poor neonatal outcome among women with reduced fetal movement was found in the groups with small for gestational age fetuses in nulliparous and multiparous women. A routine ultrasound assessment for fetal growth in third trimester is supposedly most efficient to identify undiagnosed small for gestational age.
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeThe shortage of obstetricians and gynecologists has intensified in developed countries. Our long-term goal is to develop a robotic prenatal care platform for automatic ultrasound (US) scanning to improve the workflow efficiency of obstetricians and gynecologists. This paper develops a hardware platform for the positioning of the US probe to obtain diagnostic US images while satisfying safety requirements of the fetus and pregnant woman.MethodThe proposed system includes a mechanism that maintains the contact force in a certain range and passively adjusts the US probe posture relative to the body surface. The...
Source: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
AbstractThe aim of this study was to assess the role of  ultrasound in first the trimester of pregnancy for confirmation of pregnancy, number of fetuses, chorionicity, amnionicity if multiples, viability, assessment of gestational age, identification of structural anomalies and assessment of risk for chromosomal abnormalities. This was a prospective o bservational study. All pregnant women registered within 13+6 weeks were  offered a routine scan between 11+0 and 13+6 weeks. All scans were  done by obstetricians, fetal medicine specialists or radiologists are accredited by the Fetal Medic...
Source: Journal of Fetal Medicine - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: Case Reports in Women's HealthAuthor(s): Antonella Iannaccone, Marvin Darkwah Oppong, Philipp Dammann, Rainer Kimmig, Angela KöningerAbstractA fetal subdural hematoma (SDH) was diagnosed in a patient with sickle cell disease (SCD) during a routine ultrasound exam in the 30th week of pregnancy. A scan performed a few days earlier had revealed no abnormalities. After interdisciplinary consultation with neurosurgeons and neonatologists, a cesarean section was performed since acute subdural bleeding was hypothesized and the mother's condition was critical. After s...
Source: Case Reports in Womens Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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