Rapid sex-specific adaptation to high temperature in Drosophila
The pervasive occurrence of sexual dimorphism demonstrates different adaptive strategies of males and females. While different reproductive strategies of the two sexes are well-characterized, very little is known about differential functional requirements of males and females in their natural habitats. Here, we study the impact environmental change on the selection response in both sexes. Exposing replicatedDrosophila populations to a novel temperature regime, we demonstrate sex-specific changes in gene expression, metabolic and behavioral phenotypes in less than 100 generations. This indicates not only different functional requirements of both sexes in the new environment but also rapid sex-specific adaptation. Supported by computer simulations we propose that altered sex-biased gene regulation from standing genetic variation, rather than new mutations, is the driver of rapid sex-specific adaptation. Our discovery of environmentally driven divergent functional requirements of males and females has important implications-possibly even for gender aware medical treatments.
This report continues the development of ALIs as a clinical tool in wildlife while systematically testing one possible method for determining an optimal ALI for a particular species. PMID: 32228119 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Park J, Kim J, Chen Y, Song HC, Chen Y, Zheng M, Surh YJ, Kim UH, Park JW, Joe Y, Chung HT Abstract Oxidative stress is recognised as a key factor that can lead to cellular senescence and aging. Carbon monoxide (CO) is produced by haemoxygenase-1 (HO-1), which exerts cytoprotective effects in aging-related diseases, whereas the effect of CO on cellular senescence and aging has not been elucidated. In the current study, we clearly demonstrated that CO delays the process of cellular senescence and aging through regulation of miR-34a and Sirt1 expression. CO reduced H2O2-induced premature senescence in human ...
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