Glucose transporter 1 in rheumatoid arthritis and autoimmunity

This article is categorized under: Biological Mechanisms> Metabolism Translational, Genomic, and Systems Medicine> Translational Medicine Physiology> Mammalian Physiology in Health and Disease
Source: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Systems Biology and Medicine - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: ADVANCED REVIEW Source Type: research

Related Links:

Abstract Interleukin (IL)-37 belongs to the IL-1 cytokine family. It has anti-inflammatory effects on numerous autoimmune diseases such as asthma, psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), multiple sclerosis (MS) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Mechanistically, IL-37 plays an anti-inflammatory role by regulating the expression of inflammatory factors in two ways: binding extracellular receptors IL-18R or transferring into the nucleus with Smad3. IBD is a kind of idiopathic intestinal inflammatory disease with unknown etiology and pathogenesis. Recent researches had proved that...
Source: International Immunopharmacology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Int Immunopharmacol Source Type: research
This article summarizes the relevant research on the role of the CMTM family in immune disorders. This information will increase our understanding of pathogenesis and identify promising targets for the diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune diseases. The CMTM family is highly expressed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. CKLF1 may be involved in the development of arthritis through its interaction with C-C chemokine receptor 4. CKLF1 is associated with the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis and psoriasis. Both CMTM4 and CMTM5 are associated with the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus. CMTM1, CMTM2, CMTM3, and CMTM...
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
Authors: Umnyakova ES, Zharkova MS, Berlov MN, Shamova OV, Kokryakov VN Abstract Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) were firstly discovered as cytotoxic substances that killed bacteria. Later they were described as biologically active peptides that are able not only to kill invaders but also to modulate host immunity. In particular, it is shown that human antimicrobial peptides are able to influence the activity of different innate and adaptive immunity components, thus, obviously, they also participate in autoimmune processes. In this review we discuss the nature of human AMPs and analyze their role in such autoimmune ...
Source: Autoimmunity - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Autoimmunity Source Type: research
AbstractIn autoimmune diseases, a highly complex network comprising diverse cytokines and their receptors on immune cells drives the inflammatory response. A number of therapeutic antibodies targeting these disease-related molecules have been approved for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. Bispecific antibodies (bsAbs), with binding specificity for two different target molecules, have recently been developed for a range of autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and psoriasis, and tested in clinical trials. This review briefly describes the three main categories of bsAb structure...
Source: BioDrugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions: We found a high prevalence of autoimmune disease in women with premature ovarian failure. Screening for autoimmune diseases should be offered to all women with premature ovarian failure. PMID: 31852274 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Lingling Zhang, Wei WeiAbstractAs a Traditional Chinese Medicine, Paeonia lactiflora Pallas has been used to treat pain, inflammation and immune disorders for more than 1000 years in China. Total glycoside of paeony (TGP) is extracted from the dried root of Paeonia lactiflora Pallas. Paeoniflorin (Pae) is the major active component of TGP. Our research group has done a lot of work in the pharmacological mechanisms of Pae and found that Pae possessed extensive anti-inflammatory and immune regulatory effects. Pae could inhib...
Source: Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions The long-term risks of autoimmune disorders are significantly higher in patients with allergic diseases. Allergic diseases and autoimmune disorders show age- and sex-related clustering patterns.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Asthma and allergy Original Articles: Asthma and allergy Source Type: research
Authors: El Jammal T, Gerfaud-Valentin M, Sève P, Jamilloux Y Abstract In the past ten years, the better understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying inflammatory and autoimmune diseases has led to the emergence of many targeted therapies. Among them, the Janus kinase inhibitors are acting upstream in the inflammatory cascade of several key cytokines in disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis or psoriasis. At the moment, these three diseases represent the only indications validated by the FDA and the EMA of the use of JAK inhibitors apart from hematology. Preclinical data ...
Source: Revue de Medecine Interne - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Rev Med Interne Source Type: research
Neutrophil Extracellular Traps (NETs) are produced by neutrophilic granulocytes and consist of decondensed chromatin decorated with antimicrobial peptides. They defend the organism against intruders and are released upon various stimuli including pathogens, mediators of inflammation, or chemical triggers. NET formation is also involved in inflammatory, cardiovascular, malignant diseases, and autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In many autoimmune diseases like SLE or dermatomyositis, light of the ultraviolet-visible (UV-VIS) spectrum is well-known to trigger and ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract Interleukin-29 (IL-29) is a newly discovered member of type III interferon. It mediates signal transduction via binding to its receptor complex and activates downstream signalling pathways, and therefore induces the generation of inflammatory components. Recent studies reported that expression of IL-29 is dysregulated in inflammatory autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, osteoarthritis, Sjögren's syndrome, psoriasis and systemic sclerosis. Furthermore, functional analysis revealed that IL-29 may involve in the pathogenesis of the inflammatory autoimmune diso...
Source: J Cell Mol Med - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: J Cell Mol Med Source Type: research
More News: Arthritis | Autoimmune Disease | Biology | Biomedical Science | Genetics | Lupus | Physiology | Psoriasis | Rheumatoid Arthritis | Rheumatology