Potential regulation of small RNAs on bacterial function activities in pig farm wastewater treatment plants

This study demonstrated that there was a higher abundance of sRNA in the pig farm WWTPs and 52 sRNAs were detected. The sRNAs were mainly present in Proteobacteria and Firmicutes, including the potential human pathogenic bacteria (HPB) (Escherichia, Shigella, Bordetella and Morganella), crop pathogen (Pectobacterium) and denitrifying bacteria (Zobellella). And the sRNAs were involved in the bacterial functional activities such as translation, transcription, drug resistance, membrane transport and amino acid metabolism. In addition, most sRNAs had a higher abundance in anoxic tanks which contained a higher abundance of the genes associated with infectious diseases and drug resistance than that in oxic tanks. The results presented here show that in pig farm WWTPs, sRNA played an important role in bacterial function activities, especially the infectious diseases, drug resistance and denitrification, which can provide a new point of penetration for improving the pig farm WWTPs.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Environmental Sciences - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

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The intestinal gut microbiota is essential for maintaining host health. Concerns have been raised about the possible connection between antibiotic use, causing microbiota disturbances, and the increase in allergic and autoimmune diseases observed during the last decades. To elucidate the putative connection between antibiotic use and immune regulation, we have assessed the effects of the antibiotic amoxicillin on immune regulation, protein uptake, and bacterial community structure in a Brown Norway rat model. Daily intra-gastric administration of amoxicillin resulted in an immediate and dramatic shift in fecal microbiota, ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Whole-genome sequencing has enhanced surveillance and facilitated detailed monitoring of the transmission of Shigella species in England. We undertook an epidemiological and phylogenetic analysis of isolates from all cases of shigellosis referred to Public Health England between 2015 and 2018 to explore recent strain characteristics and the transmission dynamics of Shigella species. Of the 4,950 confirmed cases of shigellosis identified during this period, the highest proportion of isolates was Shigella sonnei (54.4%), followed by S. flexneri (39.2%), S. boydii (4.1%), and S. dysenteriae (2.2%). Most cases were adults (82....
Source: Journal of Clinical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
This study contributes to a better understanding of growth, survival, and disease mechanism at molecular level and provides potential new targets for designing drugs against Shigella infection.
Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study assessed the occurrence of human enteric pathogens in rivers that are used by rural communities Vhembe District of South Africa as a source of drinking water covering two seasons (winter and summer) over a one-year period. Water quality was assessed using physico characteristics and indicator organisms (total coliforms, E. coli, Clostridium perfringens). Pathogens tested included bacteria (Pathogenic E. coli, Salmonella-, Shigella- and Vibrio spp.), protozoa (Cryptosporidium- and Giardia spp.), and enteric viruses (Rota-, Noro-, Entero-, and Adenoviruses) while using published molecular protocols. The results sh...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
z S Abstract Broad and unspecific use of antibiotics accelerates spread of resistances. Sensitive and robust pathogen detection is thus important for a more targeted application. Bacteriophages contain a large repertoire of pathogen-binding proteins. These tailspike proteins (TSP) often bind surface glycans and represent a promising design platform for specific pathogen sensors. We analyzed bacteriophage Sf6 TSP that recognizes the O-polysaccharide of dysentery-causing Shigella ( S. ) flexneri to develop variants with increased sensitivity for sensor applications. Ligand polyrhamnose backbone conformations were ob...
Source: Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemistry Source Type: research
Conditions:   Diarrhea;   Diarrhea Infectious Intervention:   Other: no intervention Sponsors:   Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia;   European Vaccine Initiative;   Groupe de Recherche Action en Sante Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
This study compared stool microbiota and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) of 37 term infants with CGISCs with 36 term healthy infants (HIs). Two stool samples were collected from each infant: as soon as possible after birth (week 1) and 10-14 days of life (week 2). RESULTS: Bacterial richness and alpha diversity were comparable between CGISCs and HIs at week 1 and week 2 (all p > 0.05). Beta diversity analysis revealed that at week 1, CGISCs had similar community structures to HIs (p = 0.415). However, by week 2, community structures of CGISCs were significantly different from HIs (p&thin...
Source: Pediatric Research - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Pediatr Res Source Type: research
Abstract Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a key role in the recognition of microbes via detection of specific and conserved microbial molecular features. TLRs, mainly expressed in immune cells, interact with intestinal microbiome. Little is known about mechanism(s) of sensing of bacteria by the intestinal surface enteroendocrine cells (EECs). We show here that TLR9 is expressed by the EECs of proximal intestine in a range of species and is co-expressed with the satiety hormone cholecystokinin (CCK). CCK secreted in excess induces emesis (vomiting). Using an EEC model cell line, STC-1, we demonstrate that in respons...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study provided information on the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Shigella isolates in Ardabil province, Iran. Also this study showed a high-level of resistance to commonly used antibiotics among Shigella isolates. PMID: 32148681 [PubMed]
Source: Iranian Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Iran J Microbiol Source Type: research
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