The impact of cirrhosis on esophageal cancer surgery: An up-to-date meta-analysis
ConclusionsCirrhotic patients have higher odds of developing pulmonary complications, ascites, and anastomotic leak during the first postoperative month. Although, 30-day mortality was higher among cirrhotic patients after esophagectomy, liver disease does not seem to influence long-term prognosis.
Authors: Pappas-Gogos G, Baltagiannis EG, Kyrochristos ID, Ziogas DE, Goussia A, Mitsis M, Roukos DH PMID: 32250157 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Nazemalhosseini-Mojarad E, Sanjabi F, Babini H PMID: 32250155 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: The mSHOX2/mPTGER4 assay showed some values with more limitations in lung cancer early detection. PMID: 32250153 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Series Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing ; Genome binding/occupancy profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensThis SuperSeries is composed of the SubSeries listed below.
CONCLUSIONS: Previously published literature has suggested a strong link between HPV and neoplasia of the lacrimal system. HPV has previously been demonstrated in all TCP and TCC. This is in contrast to our data, particularly for transitional cell papilloma where, in the largest sample of transitional cell papilloma in the literature thus far, we did not find a strong association with HPV. This casts doubt on the role of HPV in the papillomatous process in the lacrimal apparatus. PMID: 32251492 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Contributors : Spencer Arnesen ; Jason GertzSeries Type : Genome binding/occupancy profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensWhile breast cancer patients with tumors that express estrogen receptor α (ER) generally respond well to hormone therapies that block ER’s actions, a significant number relapse. Approximately 30% of these recurrences harbor activating mutations in ER’s ligand binding domain. ER mutations have been shown to confer ligand-independent function to ER; however, much is still unclear regarding the effect of mutant ER beyond its estrogen independence. To investigate mut...
(Wiley) Chemotherapeutic drugs, also known as antineoplastic agents, that are prescribed to treat a range of cancer types, enter the aquatic environment via human excretion and wastewater treatment facilities. A review published in Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry indicates that very few studies have characterized the effects of antineoplastic agents that are released into aquatic environments.
Conclusion: There are only a few treatment options available for patients with advanced HCC and severe liver damage. Multidisciplinary treatment such as locoregional treatments and prophylaxis of variceal bleeding may result in tumor downstaging, enabling radical liver transplantation without further exacerbation of liver damage.Case Rep Oncol 2019;12:289 –296
Obesity is usually associated with morbidity related to diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. However, there are many gastrointestinal and hepatic diseases for which obesity is the direct cause [e.g. non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD)] or is a significant risk factor, such as reflux esophagitis and gallstones. When obesity is a risk factor, it may interact with other mechanisms and result in earlier presentation or complicated diseases. There are increased odds ratios or relative risks of several gastrointestinal complications of obesity: gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), erosive esophagitis, Barrett...
This article was aimed to assess the long‐term risk of malignancies among patients with severe alcoholic liver disease (ALD), i.e., alcoholic liver cirrhosis and alcoholic hepatitis. A cohort of 8,796 male and 3,077 female ALD patients from 1996 to 2012 was identified from the Finnish National Hospital Discharge Register. This nationwide cohort was combined with the data from the Finnish Cancer Registry for incidence of malignancies during the years 1996–2013. The cancer cases diagnosed were compared with the number of cancers in the general population. The number of malignancies in our cohort was 1,052 vs. 368 exp...