First report of influenza D virus infection in Turkish cattle with respiratory disease
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Research in Veterinary ScienceAuthor(s): Aysun Yilmaz, Sajid Umar, Nuri Turan, Ozge Aydin, H. Emre Tali, Tuba C. Oguzoglu, Huseyin Yilmaz, Juergen A. Richt, Mariette F. DucatezAbstractBovine respiratory infections are the most economically important diseases affecting the cattle industry worldwide including Turkey. Influenza D virus (IDV) could play an important role to trigger bovine respiratory disease (BRD) complex. Since, there is no data about the presence and genotypes of IDV in Turkish cattle herds; this study was performed to investigate IDV in cattle in Turkey. Animals analyzed in this study were from commercial cattle farms having respiratory disease in calves with significant mortality. Nasal swabs and tissue samples from cattle in Marmara, Inner Anatolia and Aegean region of Turkey were analyzed by real-time RT-PCR assay to detect IDV. Among 76 samples form 12 cattle herds, IDV was detected in 3 cattle in a herd. Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of partial hemagglutinin esterase fusion (HEF) gene showed that the Turkish strain is 95% identical to its European and US counterparts, which suggest intercontinental spread of the virus. These findings highlight the need for future continuous surveillance on larger scale to determine the distribution pattern and evolution of this novel emerging pathogen in Turkish cattle industry.
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: Microbes and InfectionAuthor(s): Keisuke Nishioka, Michihito Kyo, Takaaki Nakaya, Nobuaki Shime
ConclusionsPatients on various solid tumour treatments achieve sero-protection rate congruent with the general population. The sero-protection HIA titres were not sustained at 24 weeks postvaccination.
Comparison of deaths from the coronavirus (COVID-19) with deaths from influenza (flu) and pneumonia. Includes deaths by date of death occurrence and breakdowns by sex and age.
CONCLUSIONS: Promoting asthma self-management education, influenza vaccinations, nebulizers, and spacers can decrease the frequency of healthcare utilization and asthma-related expenditures while improving medication adherence. PMID: 33031709 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: Our results underscore how erroneous reporting of 1 condition can lead to underreporting of other causes of death. Misapplication or misunderstanding of procedures by medical providers, rather than extrinsic factors influencing the reporting process, are key drivers of erroneous cause-of-death reporting. PMID: 33031711 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 7 October 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Rony Atoui, Fady Ebrahim F, Kevin Saroka, John Mireau, Janet E. McElhaney, Gregory Hare
Since its emergence the impact of COVID-19 has been profound, and the public health challenge seem to be the most serious seen in a respiratory virus since the 1918 H1N1 influenza pandemic (Soper 1919). Following its emergence in Wuhan, cases of COVID-19 were exported outside of China, mainly by travelers using the global aviation networks (Wu et al., 2020). It should be noted that transboundary spread of viruses is quite common in veterinary medicine (Klausner et al., 2015, 2017, 2018).
The COVID-19 pandemic exerts inflammation-related parasympathetic complications and post-infection manifestations with major inter-individual variability. To seek the corresponding transcriptomic origins for the impact of COVID-19 infection and its aftermath consequences, we sought the relevance of long and short non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) for susceptibility to COVID-19 infection. We selected inflammation-prone men and women of diverse ages among the cohort of Genome Tissue expression (GTEx) by mining RNA-seq datasets from their lung, and blood tissues, followed by quantitative qRT-PCR, bioinformatics-based network analyses ...
Publication date: Available online 7 October 2020Source: American Journal of Infection ControlAuthor(s): Peng-jun Lu, Anup Srivastav, Tammy A. Santibanez, Ashley Amaya, Jill A. Dever, Jessica Roycroft, Marshica Stanley Kurtz, Walter W. Williams