Monoblock polyethylene radial head prosthesis for the treatment of unreconstructable acute radial head fractures with a minimum 1-year follow-up: A retrospective case series

Conclusions: Radial head arthroplasty with a monoblock UHMW-PE RHP is safe and effective at short-term follow-up for treating acute unreconstructable radial head fractures with satisfactory functional and radiographic outcomes. Level of Evidence: Level IV.
Source: Current Orthopaedic Practice - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Special Focus: Trauma Source Type: research

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Conclusions Lower percent fat and higher percent lean mass associated with better physical performance after accounting for BMI. Body composition and BMI may be used together in the future to more comprehensively understand the association between obesity and disability.
Source: JCR: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe initially accepted radiological alignment of AO type-C radius fractures deteriorated in a majority of cases during conservative treatment. However, this deterioration was fairly mild and showed no significant association with functional outcome. Restricted ROM showed some association with PROms.Level of evidenceIV.
Source: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Conclusion: Addition of fibula allograft to patients sustaining varus-angulated, 2- and 3-part proximal humeral fractures conferred no benefit to patient outcomes at our institution. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Authors: Qiu X, Zhao B, He X, Zhao C, Leng Z Abstract BACKGROUND We compared the clinical and radiographic outcomes between interface fixation using absorbable screws and plate fixation in anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) to evaluate the effectiveness of these 2 fixation methods for the treatment of 2-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). MATERIAL AND METHODS From January 2014 to December 2016, a total of 220 patients who received 2-level ACCF were retrospectively collected. Among them, 108 patients were treated with interface fixation using absorbable screws (Group A) and 112 patients underwen...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Abstract Historically, extra-articular scapular body fractures were treated nonsurgically, but displaced fractures of the glenoid neck can lead to dysfunction. Controversy exists regarding which extra-articular scapular fractures should be treated surgically; however, nonsurgical management of severely displaced scapular body fractures can result in satisfactory outcomes. Inclusion criteria for this study were medial or lateral displacement greater than 2 cm, angular deformity between fracture fragments greater than 45°, or glenopolar angle less than 22°. Functional outcomes included Disabilities of the Ar...
Source: Orthopedics - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Orthopedics Source Type: research
Abstract Many patients who may benefit from total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty prefer to avoid surgery. Reasons for avoidance may include, but are not limited to, experience or dissatisfaction with prior treatment, living status, and symptom severity. Taking these variables into account, the authors sought to determine whether preoperatively collected functional scores would predict an aversion to total joint arthroplasty. A prospective cross-sectional survey was administered to consecutive patients during a 5-month period at the initial consultation for osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. Patient d...
Source: Orthopedics - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Orthopedics Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeAlkaptonuria is a rare metabolic disorder, and only a few case reports of total joint arthroplasty (TJA) for ochronotic arthropathy are described in the literature. We aim to analyse the functional and radiological outcomes of TJA in patients with ochronotic arthropathy.MethodsWe retrospectively collected the data of twenty-seven TJA in sixteen patients with ochronotic arthropathy from April 2007 to December 2017. We assessed the functional outcome through pre- and post-operative modified Harris hip score (HHS) and knee society score (KSS). The hip radiographs were analysed for migration and radiolucent zone...
Source: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Radiographically severe (grade III or IV) HO after CDA with the Prestige LP disc at 2 levels did not significantly affect efficacy or safety outcomes (severe AEs or secondary surgeries). However, severe HO, particularly grade IV HO, significantly limited ROM, as expected. PMID: 32168483 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
ConclusionAdherence is influenced by both demographic characteristics (age) and clinical factors (disease activity, comorbidity burden and injection site pain and skin perception) in RA patients.
Source: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Numerous factors previously related to poor outcomes with surgery, such as low mental health, lower socioeconomic status, and high BMI, were not related to outcomes in ASLS in this exploratory analysis. Those patients with higher PI-LL mismatch did improve more with surgery than those with normal alignment. On average, none of the factors considered were associated with a worse outcome with operative treatment versus nonoperative treatment. These findings may guide future prospective analyses of factors related to outcomes in ASLS care. PMID: 32114531 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
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