Biological effects of Avicennia marina (Forssk.) vierh. extracts on physiological, biochemical, and antimicrobial activities against three challenging mosquito vectors and microbial pathogens.

Biological effects of Avicennia marina (Forssk.) vierh. extracts on physiological, biochemical, and antimicrobial activities against three challenging mosquito vectors and microbial pathogens. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2020 Feb 18;: Authors: Karthi S, Vinothkumar M, Karthic U, Manigandan V, Saravanan R, Vasantha-Srinivasan P, Kamaraj C, Shivakumar MS, De Mandal S, Velusamy A, Krutmuang P, Senthil-Nathan S Abstract Mosquitoes are principal vector of several vector-borne diseases affecting human beings leading to thousands of deaths per year and responsible for transmitting diseases like malaria, dengue, chikungunya, yellow fever, Zika virus, Japanese encephalitis, and lymphatic filariasis. In the present study, we evaluated the different solvent extracts of mangrove Avicennia marina for their toxicity against larvae of three major mosquito vectors, as well as selected microbial pathogens. The larvicidal mortality of third instars was observed after 24 h. Highest larval mortality was found for the acetone extract of A. marina against Culex quinquefasciatus (LC50 = 0.197 mg/ml; LC90 = 1.5011 mg/ml), Anopheles stephensi (LC50 = 0.176 mg/ml; LC90 = 3.6290 mg/ml), and Aedes aegypti (LC50 = 0.164 mg/ml; LC90 = 4.3554 mg/ml). GC-MS analysis of acetone extract revealed 5 peaks, i.e., 1-hexyl-2-nitrocyclohexane (3.229%), eicosanoic acid (40.582%...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Clinical symptoms and spinal fusion efficiency were not significantly different between CBT and PS except for postoperative improvement in low back pain. The treatment effect on postoperative low back pain was smaller for CBT than for PS. PMID: 32213798 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 March 2020Source: Fish &Shellfish ImmunologyAuthor(s): Tingting Li, Quanwei Liu, Haitao Chen, Jianrong Li
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Mali records first death ahead of election and Trump considers New York quarantine. This blog is now closedCoronavirus – latest updatesSee all our coronavirus coverage11.55pmGMTI ’ll be handing over to my colleagues in Australia shortly, but before I go, here’s a summary of the key coronavirus developments in the last few hours:Related:Coronavirus live news: Trump proposes 'quarantine' of New York and other hotspots11.18pmGMTBritons stranded in New Zealand are facing costs of £40,000 to return home, my colleagueMark Townsend reported.Those stranded say they have been left without guidance or assista...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak World news US news UK news Hong Kong Japan China Australia news Asia Pacific Infectious diseases Science Source Type: news
Conclusion: Serum GGT level was a significant predictor of subsequent risk of diabetes mellitus, which increased by 4% for every 1 IU/L increase in GGT when GGT was less than 24 IU/L. PMID: 32215009 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: A significant positive relationship was observed between sucrose in coffee and tea and the number of coronal or root caries lesions in community-dwelling elderly Japanese. PMID: 32212434 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Community Dental Health - Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research
The prospect that malaria drugs will become go-to medications to treat COVID-19 before they've been rigorously tested is prompting safety warnings.
Source: Los Angeles Times - Science - Category: Science Authors: Source Type: news
Conclusion: CoBaT-Y017, a Phase II study was conducted with Plasmodium falciparum malaria-infected patients, for efficacy and safety evaluation of CoBaT-Y017 compared with Artemether-Lumefantrine used as a positive control. Methods. A single-blind randomized trial was conducted on 25 eligible males aged 18-40 years randomly assigned to two treatment groups: CoBaT-Y017 or Artemether-Lumefantrine. The first group received 35 ml of CoBaT-Y017 in 1.5 L mineral water administered daily for four consecutive days; the second group received oral Artemether-Lumefantrine, using WHO-recommended therapeutic dose regimens...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Abstract Volume 72 no 6, p.413-419, 2019. Page 418, Acknowledgments "We would like to thank all staff and members of the Department of Virology, NEKKEN, Nagasaki University, Japan for providing technical support and advice. Our special thanks to the staff of the Pavilion II and the Central Laboratory of San Lazaro Hospital for their kind assistance during patient recruitment and data collection. We are also very grateful for the support of the Senior Vice President and Head of Research and Biotechnology (R&B) Group of St. Luke's Medical Center, Dr. Isaac David E. Ampil II. Finally, our sincere thanks to the m...
Source: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Jpn J Infect Dis Source Type: research
Japan is turning to new containment measures after witnessing a surge of new infections. There are now more than 2,000 confirmed cases of the coronavirus, 60 of which were confirmed overnight on Friday. The city is rolling out a stay-at-home order in an effort to limit person-to-person contact. Ramy Incocencio reports from the country's capital, Tokyo.
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2020Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General SubjectsAuthor(s): Angela Di Somma, Concetta Avitabile, Arianna Cirillo, Antonio Moretta, Antonello Merlino, Luigi Paduano, Angela Duilio, Alessandra Romanelli
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) General Subjects - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
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