Pneumorrachis and pneumocephalus associated with neck injury after stabbing

ConclusionPneumorrachis is usually asymptomatic and is self-limiting. It is a radiological diagnosis and is not a clinical diagnosis. CT scan is considered the preferred diagnostic method for reliable and rapid detection of pneumorrachis. In case of coexistence, The physician should be alert to diagnose and treat the underlying cause for related injuries.In such cases, successful results can be obtained with hyper-oxy therapy (100% oxygen inhalation) and antibiotic prophylaxis without the need for surgical treatment.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Preventive therapies are routinely performed after the procedure, but a common consensus is needed to define risk factors, prevent and manage the complications. In addition, we think that it would be more beneficial to use the percentages as per procedures or per patients in the identification of complications.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Interventional pulmonology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis is the first case report to describe pneumorachis and pneumocephalus following blunt trauma with pneumothorax, but no spinal or skull fractures. The mechanism that is probably involved here is a migration of air with subcutaneous emphysema and a pleural hernia into the spinal canal. However, in cases of pneumorachis or pneumocephalus, skull fractures need to be investigated as these require surgery and appropriate vaccination to prevent meningitis.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Bang YS, Park C Abstract A recent achalasia guideline suggests that peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a safe option for achalasia that is as effective as Heller myotomy. It is recommended that POEM should be performed under general anesthesia. The incidence of adverse events such as bleeding, perforation, and carbon dioxide insufflation-related complications was lower in POEM under endotracheal general anesthesia than in POEM under sedation. Subcutaneous emphysema, pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, pneumoperitoneum, and accompanying hemodynamic instability can be caused by carbon dioxide insufflation. Tr...
Source: Clinical Endoscopy - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Clin Endosc Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This clinical scenario evaluates institutional management in two trauma centres for PNI and associated carotid artery injury, and compares it to current guidelines. In comparison with guideline recommendations, CTA scanning and the so called "No zone" approach appears to have assumed a more prominent role in management of PNI. PMID: 31307866 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: PubMed: Eur J Vasc Endovasc ... - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg Source Type: research
ConclusionsESTD appears to be an effective and feasible approach for treating superficial esophageal neoplastic lesions. However, future research is needed for new and comprehensive methods to decrease the stricture rate after ESTD.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusions: The proposed "scissor first" technique provides an effective solution for the thoracoscopic management of calcified hilar lymph nodes, and is a safe and effective method for avoiding arterial injury and conversion. PMID: 31019752 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
ConclusionCombined intraperitoneal and extraperitoneal colonic perforation are rare presentations following diagnostic colonoscopy and often difficult to diagnose based on the clinical manifestation only. Understanding the manifestation of extraperitoneal perforation will help to properly identify the condition and preventing morbidity and mortality in these patients.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsAlpha ‐linolenic acid suppressed inflammation and oxidative stress, making it a potential therapeutic candidate for treatment of airway inflammatory diseases such as bronchial asthma.
Source: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
AbstractTracheostomy is a life-saving procedure done electively or most commonly in emergency basis. In patients with diagnosed case of cancer in upper airway tract they usually require tracheostomy at some point of time during their whole treatment procedure. Patients receiving radiotherapy or chemotherapy or combination of these are at high risk of developing post treatment changes in neck anatomy. Redo tracheostomy due to any reasons in such types of patients is a surgical challenge. The purpose of this article is to share our surgical technique in redo tracheostomy. During a period of two years 39 patients with diagnos...
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Background: Bleeding in the biopsy tract has been studied for its ability to decrease the risk of pneumothorax  with indefinite results in the previous studies.Purpose: To investigate the risk factors for needle-tract bleeding (NTB) and the possible effect of NTB on the pneumothorax and resultant chest tube placement after CT-guided cutting needle biopsy (CT-CNB) of pulmonary lesions.Methods: Predictive variables for NTB and the effect of NTB on the development of pneumothorax and consequent chest tube placement were retrospectively determined in 416 patients who had undergone an 18-gauge non-coaxial CT-CNB (338 men a...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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