High prevalence of airway obstruction and pulmonary emphysema in urothelial (renal pelvis, ureter, and bladder) cancer patients

Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: Respiratory InvestigationAuthor(s): Megumi Naka, Saki Shuto, Chisato Konishi, Koichi MaekawaAbstractBackgroundCigarette smoking is a major cause of COPD, with patients also presenting complications that stem from other smoking-related diseases, including urothelial cancer. However, the prevalence of COPD or airflow obstruction in urothelial cancer patients has not been well studied.MethodsWe investigated the prevalence of airflow obstruction (FEV1/FVC 
Source: Respiratory Investigation - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

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Authors: Klement RJ PMID: 32212835 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Expert Rev Anticancer Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Goto D, Komeda K, Uwatoko N, Nakashima M, Koike M, Kawai K, Kodama Y, Miyazawa A, Tanaka I, Hase T, Morise M, Hasegawa Y, Kawabe T, Sato M Abstract We evaluated the value of UHRF1, a regulator of methylation, as a biomarker for lung cancer. UHRF1 is expressed at higher levels in both lung adenocarcinoma (AD) and squamous cell carcinoma (SQ); however, a meta-analysis showed that UHRF1 expression is correlated with worse survival in patients with AD but not in those with SQ. UHRF1 knockdown suppressed the growth of lung cancer cell lines through G1 cell cycle arrest in some cell lines. These results suggest ...
Source: Cancer Investigation - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Cancer Invest Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang P, Tao H, Yu L, Zhou L, Zhu C Abstract Injectable implants with the ability to form in situ are one of the most promising carriers for the delivery of chemotherapeutic drugs to tumor sites. We have reported a novel injectable in situ-forming implant system composed of n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA), ethyl oleate, along with the sol-gel phase transition. The chemotherapeutic drug-loaded injectable NBCA ethyl oleate implant (INEI) exhibited excellent therapeutic efficacy for local chemotherapy. Herein, we utilize this INEI to carry N, N'-(Sulfonyldi-4,1-phenylene)bis(2-chloroacetamide) (TE-C-5003), whi...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
Authors: Akhter MH, Kumar S, Nomani S Abstract Objective: In vitro, optimization, characterization and cytotoxic studies of NAR NPs to against pancreatic cancer.Method: The sonication tailored NARG loaded poly (lactide-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticle (NPs) was fabricated for potential cytotoxic effect against pancreatic cancer. NARG NPs were prepared by emulsion-diffusion evaporation technique applying Box Behnken experimental design based on 3-level and 3-factors. The effect of independent variables surfactant concentration (X1), polymer concentration (X2) and sonication time (X3) were studied on responses p...
Source: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Dev Ind Pharm Source Type: research
Conclusions: In this study, the SUV of 99mTc-MDP was successfully determined using SPECT/CT. This research provides an approach that could potentially aid in the clinical quantification of radionuclide uptake in normal vertebrae for the management of breast cancer patients. PMID: 32213791 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2020Source: Meta GeneAuthor(s): Ayushman Kumar Banerjee, Rahul Bhattacharya, Chittabrata Mal
Source: Meta Gene - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2020Source: The SurgeonAuthor(s): Yen Ming Chan, Craig MacKay, Duncan T Ritchie, Neil Scott, Craig Parnaby, Graeme I. Murray, George Ramsay
Source: The Surgeon - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2020Source: European Journal of Surgical OncologyAuthor(s): Willemijn Y. van der Plas, Stan Benjamens, Schelto Kruijff
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Publication date: Available online 27 March 2020Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Christopher Oleynick
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
ichele Orditura Triple negative breast cancers (TNBCs) are characterized by worse prognosis, higher propensity to earlier metastases, and shorter survival after recurrence compared with other breast cancer subtypes. Anthracycline- and taxane-based chemotherapy is still the mainstay of treatment in early stages, although several escalation approaches have been evaluated to improve survival outcomes. The addition of platinum salts to standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) remains controversial due to the lack of clear survival advantage, and the use of adjuvant capecitabine represents a valid treatment option in TNBC p...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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