Subclinical valve thrombosis in transcatheter aortic valve implantation: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Recent high-resolution CT studies after transcatheter aortic valve insertion (TAVI) have reported high prevalence of subclinical valve thrombosis (SCVT), potentially contributing to increased risk of late stroke. We aimed to investigate SCVT after TAVI patients with focus on prevalence, predisposing factors, management, and potential sequelae.
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Source Type: research

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AbstractThe left atrial appendage (LAA) has been identified as a site of thrombus formation in the heart and as a source of embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation, leading to stroke. Studies suggest that LAA closure may reduce the risk for stroke and the need for anticoagulation; conversely, incomplete closure can increase the stroke risk almost 12 ‐fold. Because open heart surgery is associated with increased risk for subsequent stroke, surgeons generally prefer to close the LAA during heart surgery, as recommended in current atrial fibrillation management guidelines. Building on trends toward minimally invasive ...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: SURGICAL TECHNIQUE Source Type: research
This post introduces a column I wrote over at TheHeart.org | Medscape Cardiology — The good news is that most people infected with coronavirus don’t need a hospital or doctor. But some do. Some get very ill. The maddening thing is that doctors don’t have an effective treatment for the virus. There are no cures. The Worldmeter today shows nearly 5 million infections and more than 300,000 deaths. And no effective therapy. Excluding a possibly modest effect of Remdesivir, our care is supportive, which is medical jargon for giving simple things like oxygen, acetaminophen, IV fluids and letting ...
Source: Dr John M - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac CT after TAVR can detect sinus of Valsalva thrombosis, and attention should be paid to this potential source of subsequent systemic embolization. PMID: 32281322 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Korean Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Korean Circ J Source Type: research
RARITAN, NJ, March 28, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson today announced the VOYAGER PAD study met its primary efficacy and principal safety endpoints, demonstrating the XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) vascular dose (2.5 mg twice daily) plus aspirin (100 mg once daily) was superior to aspirin alone in reducing the risk of major adverse limb and cardiovascular (CV) events by 15 percent in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization, with similar rates of TIMI[1] major bleeding. VOYAGER PAD is the only study to show a significant benefit...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
RARITAN, N.J., March 20, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today that it will unveil late-breaking data from its leading cardiovascular and metabolism portfolio during the virtual American College of Cardiology’s 69th Annual Scientific Session together with the World Congress of Cardiology (ACC.20/WCC) on March 28-30, 2020. Notably, four late-breaking abstracts for XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) will be presented, including data from the Phase 3 VOYAGER PAD study in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization.Click to ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
Conclusion: Previously undescribed, we suggest that tPA should be considered for post-TAVR AIS patients who otherwise satisfy inclusion and exclusion criteria.
Source: The Neurologist - Category: Neurology Tags: Case Report/Case Series Source Type: research
Transcatheter aortic valve insertion (TAVI) technology presents new opportunities but also new challenges, including subclinical valve thrombosis (SCVT). In this edition of the Journal, Woldendorp and colleagues1 report a meta-analysis investigating SCVT after TAVI focusing on prevalence, predisposing factors, management, and consequences. Twelve studies that screened for SCVT using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) were included comparing stroke risk between patients with SCVT and those without, as well as the effects of antiplatelet therapy and oral anticoagulation (OAC) on preventing SCVT.
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Malak Elbatarny, Derrick Y. Tam, J. James Edelman, Rodolfo V. Rocha, Michael W.A. Chu, Mark D. Peterson, Ismail El-Hamamsy, Jehangir J. Appoo, Jan O. Friedrich, Munir Boodhwani, Bobby Yanagawa, Maral Ouzounian, Canadian Thoracic Aortic Collaborative (CTAC) InvestigatorsAbstractBackgroundAortic valve sparing operations theoretically have fewer stroke and bleeding complications but may increase late reoperation risk, versus composite valve grafts.MethodsWe meta-analyzed all studies comparing aortic valve sparing (reimplantation...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Aortic valve sparing operations theoretically have fewer stroke and bleeding complications but may increase late reoperation risk, versus composite valve grafts. METHODS: We meta-analyzed all studies comparing aortic valve sparing (reimplantation and remodelling) and composite valve grafting (bioprosthetic and mechanical) procedures. Early outcomes were: all-cause mortality, reoperation for bleeding, myocardial infarction, thromboembolism/stroke. Long-term outcomes included: all-cause mortality, reintervention, bleeding, and thromboembolism/stroke. Studies exclusively investigating dissec...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research
Aortic valve calcification is supposed to be a possible cause of embolic stroke or subclinical valve thrombosis after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We aimed to assess the role of aortic valve calcification in the occurrence of in-hospital clinical complications and survival after TAVR.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
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