Different cytokine patterns induced by Helicobacter pylori and Lactobacillus acidophilus extracts in PBMCs of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm

This study compares the effect of Helicobacter (H.) pylori and Lactobacillus (L.) acidophilus on the cytokine profile of PBMCs of 5 men with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and 5 men with normal/insignificant angiography, CT-Scan and ultrasonography results in the single-culture and in the co-culture with HUVECs. IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-9, IL-10, IL-13, IL-17A, IL-17 F, IL-21, IL-22, IFN-γ and TNF-α were measured in culture supernatants using a commercial fluorescent-labeled-bead assay.In general, CagA+ H. pylori-extract induced higher production of IFN-γ, IL-13 and IL-21 by PBMCs. Treatment of patients’ PBMCs with CagA+ H. pylori-extract induced Th2 cytokines while treatment of controls’ PBMCs with CagA+ H. pylori-extract increased Th1 cytokines. In the co-culture, however, patients’ PBMCs produced Th1 cytokines irrespective of extract treatment, while controls’ PBMCs produced Th2 cytokines and decreased IL-10. CagA+ H. pylori- as well as L. acidophilus-extract induced higher levels of IL-9 by controls’ PBMCs in co-culture with HUVECs than patients (P = 0.05 and P = 0.01).The cytokine pattern of PBMCs induced by CagA+ H. pylori- and L. acidophilus-extracts in the co-culture with HUVECs shows differences in AAA patients and in comparison to controls. Decreased secretion of IL-9, IL-21 and IL-22 by PBMCs of patients treated with CagA+ H. pylori extract in co-culture, as opposed to non-AAA con...
Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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Abstract There is benefit, risk and cost in all that we do, but when it comes to food, we expect that it will benefit our health, be available, safe to eat and affordable. But as climate change and demographic shifts through displacement and ageing gather momentum, the emphases on each of benefit, risk and cost will alter. That we are ecological beings whose health and wellbeing are ecosystem-dependent, must now be the underpinning framework for risk management. Loss of natural environment and biodiversity represents reduced nutritional and health resilience, which will need to be factored in to risk assessment an...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
Purpose of review Pediatric retina is an exciting, but also challenging field, where patient age and cooperation can limit ease of diagnosis of a broad range of congenital and acquired diseases, inherited retinal degenerations are mostly untreatable and surgical outcomes can be quite different from those for adults. This review aims to highlight some recent advances and trends that are improving our ability to care for children with retinal conditions. Recent findings Studies have demonstrated the feasibility of multimodal imaging even in nonsedated infants, with portable optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT ang...
Source: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: RETINAL, VITREOUS AND MACULAR DISORDERS: Edited by Brandon G. Busbee and John W. Kitchens Source Type: research
This article reviews emerging technologies in retinal imaging, including their scientific background, clinical implications and future directions. Recent findings Fluorescence lifetime imaging ophthalmoscopy is a technology that will reveal biochemical and metabolic changes of the retina at the cellular level. Optical coherence tomography is evolving exponentially toward higher resolution, faster speed, increased portability and more cost effective. Adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy fluorescein angiography will provide unprecedented detail of the retinal vasculature down to the level of capillaries, enabling...
Source: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: TRANSLATIONAL RESEARCH: Edited by Jason Hsu and Sunir J. Garg Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 April 2020Source: The Saudi Dental JournalAuthor(s): Wafa Alfaleh, Sarah Al Thobiani
Source: The Saudi Dental Journal - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Conclusion: Extreme dipping pattern is a BP phenotype highly frequent in the general population largely consisting of middle-aged individuals without prevalent cardiovascular disease. In this population, the extreme dipping pattern is not associated with an increased risk of cardiac HMOD, which suggests that the mechanisms invoked for the potential adverse cardiovascular effects of this condition (i.e. nocturnal hypoxemia, low-grade myocardial inflammation, coronary hypoperfusion, sympathetic activation at early morning, etc.) are not operative.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Organ damage Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 April 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Tsuyoshi Yamabe, Yanling Zhao, Joseph Sanches, Saveliy Kelebeyev, Casidhe-Nicole R. Bethancourt, Hannah L. Mcmullen, Paul A. Kurlansky, Isaac George, Craig R. Smith, Hiroo Takayama
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Zangrillo A, Beretta L, Silvani P, Colombo S, Scandroglio AM, Dell’Acqua A, Fominskiy E, Landoni G, Monti G, Azzolini ML, Monaco F, Oriani A, Belleti A, Sartorelli M, Pallanch O, Saleh O, Sartini C, Nardelli P, Lombardi G, Morselli F, Scquizzato T, Frontera A, Ruggeri A, Scotti R, Assanelli A, Dagna L, Rovere-Querini P, Castagna A, Scarpellini P, Di Napoli D, Ambrosio A, Ciceri F, Tresoldi M Abstract At the end of 2019, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) outbreak spread from China all around the world, causing thousands of deaths. In Italy, the hardest hit region was Lom...
Source: Critical Care and Resuscitation - Category: Intensive Care Tags: Crit Care Resusc Source Type: research
ConclusionWe experienced an IPA presenting an US image that was atypical and has previously not been reported. IPA has no established US image to confirm the diagnosis and even with the use of other imaging techniques, a definitive diagnosis often cannot be established. Thus, our recommendation based on the current situation is that operation with intraoperative diagnosis using frozen section should be conducted if hypercalcemia and high I-PTH are observed and when localization sites in MIBI and US coincide.
Source: Critical Ultrasound Journal - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
AbstractThe usefulness of whole-body 18-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG)-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission (PET)/computed tomography (CT) is established for assessment of disease staging, detection of early disease recurrence, therapeutic evaluation, and predicting prognosis in various malignancies; and for evaluating the spread of inflammation. However, the role of FDG-PET/CT for the liver is limited because CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can provide an accurate diagnosis of most tumors. In addition, in other potentially useful roles there are several pitfalls in the interpretation of FDG uptake in PET/CT imaging. ...
Source: Japanese Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionEmergent pediatric cardiac CT angiography is a valuable service. Larger multi-institutional studies with standardized referral and utilization patterns are needed to determine if outcomes are affected by this service, which in turn will influence hospital staffing patterns for emergent imaging.
Source: Pediatric Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
More News: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm | Acidophilus | Allergy & Immunology | Angiography | Aortic Aneurysm | CT Scan | Helicobacter Pylori | Infectious Diseases | Lactobacillus Acidophilus | Microbiology | PET Scan | Smokers | Study