Injection location does not impact botulinum toxin A efficacy in interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome patients.

CONCLUSIONS: BTX-A treatment using either a trigone-sparing or trigone-including injection template resulted in significant, but not location-dependent, improvement in IC/BPS symptom scores at 30 and 90 day points post-procedure with no significant difference in post-treatment complication profiles. PMID: 32065870 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Can J Urol Source Type: research

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Uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI)/acute simple cystitis (ASC) is defined as an infection confined to the bladder/lower urinary tract with the absence of signs and symptoms that would suggest an upper tract or systemic infection (such as fever, chills, rigors, significant fatigue or malaise beyond baseline, flank pain, costovertebral angle tenderness, pelvic or perineal pain in men). Presence of systemic symptoms suggests a complicated UTI. Symptoms of ASC include dysuria, urinary frequency or urgency, and/or suprapubic pain.
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Poster Number: EI-52 Source Type: research
AbstractUrinary tract infection (UTI) is defined as the growth of a significant number of microorganisms of a single species in the urine, in the presence of symptoms. Symptoms in young children are non-specific such as fever without focus; young infants may manifest with irritability, failure to thrive, jaundice, vomiting and diarrhea. Older children usually have symptoms of cystitis or pyelonephritis. Symptoms of cystitis are dysuria, frequency, new onset incontinence and malodorous urine while symptoms of pyelonephritis are high grade fever, flank pain and vomiting. Rapid urine testing by microscopy for pus cells, dipst...
Source: Indian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common bacterial infectious disease with a high frequency of recurrence and the leading cause of septicemia. In vivo experimentation has contributed significantly to the present-day knowledge on UTI pathogenesis. This research has traditionally been based on murine models of UTI. Occasional conflicting results between UTI in mice and humans and increasing skepticism toward small rodent models in general warrant the need of novel large-animal infection models that better resemble the anatomy and physiology of humans, and thus better mimic the course of infection in humans. Here, we ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of intra-vesical instillations with hyaluronic acid (HA) in relieving lower urinary tract irritation symptoms in patients with urinary tract infections (UTIs) and bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC). This research, conducted in Romania, includes 30 patients with UTIs (Group I) and 24 with BPS/IC (Group II) as defined by European Association of Urology (EAU) Diagnostic Criteria. Data were collected prospectively, using pre- and post-treatment questionnaires for pelvic pain with a symptom scale for urination and frequency as well as visu...
Source: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Eur J Pharm Sci Source Type: research
ConclusionsWomen with vulvodynia are substantially more likely to report voiding dysfunction and symptoms of urgency than women with no history of vulvar pain. These findings are independent of comorbid interstitial cystitis or history of UTIs.
Source: International Urogynecology Journal - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionOur data support the hypothesis that BNO 2103 reduces pain by virtue of its anti-inflammatory properties, possibly related to suppression of prostaglandin E2 and leukotriene B4 formation, and suggest that this combination has the potential to treat clinical symptoms such as inflammatory pain. Thus BNO 2103 may represent an alternative to reduce the use of antibiotics in urinary tract infections.Graphical abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionOur data support the hypothesis that BNO 2103 reduces pain by virtue of its anti-inflammatory properties, possibly related to suppression of prostaglandin E2 and leukotriene B4 formation, and suggest that this combination has the potential to treat clinical symptoms such as inflammatory pain. Thus BNO 2103 may represent an alternative to reduce the use of antibiotics in urinary tract infections.Graphical abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study also found that Proteus DNA, a genus with many uropathogenic species (Drzewiecka, 2016), was more prevalent in women with OAB compared to asymptomatic controls (Curtiss et al., 2017). IC A recent study by Abernethy et al. suggested that the microbiome may play a role in IC (Abernethy et al., 2017). In this study, 16S rRNA analysis determined the microbiome of catheterized urine from women (n = 40) with IC was not dominated by a single genus and was less likely to contain Lactobacillus compared to asymptomatic women. Abernethy et al. also showed that L. acidophilus was associated with less severe scores on the ...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common disease in Oman as in rest of Gulf Cooperation Council where metabolic syndrome is of high prevalence. DM is a foremost risk factor for urinary tract infections (UTIs). It is also linked to more complicated infections such as emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN), emphysematous pyelitis (EP), renal/perirenal abscess, emphysematous cystitis, xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis, and renal papillary necrosis. The diagnosis of these cases is frequently delayed because the clinical manifestations are generic and not different from the typical triad of upper UTI, which include fev...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
Kate V. Meriwether1*, Zhenmin Lei1, Rajbir Singh2, Jeremy Gaskins3, Deslyn T. G. Hobson1 and Venkatakrishna Jala2 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, United States 2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, James Graham Brown Cancer Center, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, United States 3Department of Bioinformatics and Biostatistics, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, United States Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (ICBPS) may be related to an altered genitourinary microbiome. Our aim was to compare the vaginal and urinary microbiomes b...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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