Unusual presentation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colitis complicated with acute appendicitis

Elias Estifan, Sushant M Nanavati, Vinod Kumar, Aarohi Vora, Moayyad Alziadat, Ahmed Sharaan, Mourad IsmailJournal of Global Infectious Diseases 2020 12(1):34-36 Clostridium difficile colitis has been the most recognized bacterial enterocolitis for years and other bacteria such as Staphylococcus colitis has been relegated. Staphylococcus enterocolitis following antibiotics had been one of the most frequent complications in surgical patients in the 1950s and 1960s and now reappear with more resistance such as methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus(MRSA) colitis which brings a new challenge. A 32-year-old Hispanic female with a history of type I diabetes mellitus presenting with altered sensorium and a 2-day history of watery, nonbloody diarrhea, intractable emesis, and diffuse crampy abdominal pain. About a month before the presentation, the patient had a soft-tissue laceration on the left foot requiring a 7-day course of cephalexin and clindamycin that healed appropriately. On physical examination, she was tachycardic with heart rate of 110 bpm and tachypneic with respiratory rate of 28, somnolent but arousable with the Glasgow Coma Scale >12. The abdomen was soft, tender diffusely to palpation without rebound or guarding. On the biochemical analysis, her blood glucose was 968 mg/dL with anion gap metabolic acidosis (AG 46). In the intensive care unit, she initiated on intravenous (IV) fluids, insulin, and IV antibiotics for suspicion of colitis. Clostridium difficil...
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 31 March 2020Source: Materials Today: ProceedingsAuthor(s): K. Senthil Kannan, S. Gayathri Devi, Prithiviraj Nagarajan, G. Flora, R. Ranadevan
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Authors: Behr J, Günther A, Bonella F, Dinkel J, Fink L, Geiser T, Geißler K, Gläser S, Handzhhiev S, Jonigk D, Koschel D, Kreuter M, Leuschner G, Markart P, Prasse A, Schönfeld N, Schupp JC, Sitter H, Müller-Quernheim J, Costabel U Abstract Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a severe and often fatal disease. Diagnosis of IPF requires considerable expertise and experience. Since publication of the international IPF guideline in the year 2011 and Update 2018 several studies and technical advances occurred, which made a new assessment of the diagnostic process mandatory. In view of the a...
Source: Pneumologie - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 31 March 2020Source: Small Ruminant ResearchAuthor(s): R. Venkatvasan, P.X. Antony, H.K. Mukhopadhyay, V. Jayalakshmi, V.M. Vivek Srinivas, J. Thanislass, Selvaraj Stephen
Source: Small Ruminant Research - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Authors: Annunziato J, Shor D, Parikh S Abstract Heterotopic ossification (HO) is excess bone growth in soft tissues, typically juxta-articular and interfascicular, with varying incidence. This excess bone growth has been well-documented in cases of traumatic amputation but less frequently observed in cases of nontraumatic amputation. Symptomatic heterotopic ossification usually includes pain during prosthetic use with management involving prosthetic adjustments for comfort. This atypical case highlights a patient with a nontraumatic amputation and a proximal-oriented large spur formation that was not painful with ...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
Authors: Headman ZC, Matson MC, Schneider RP, Potter JL, Loguda-Summers DL, Bhatia S, Kondrashova T Abstract Context: Various forms of simulation-based training, including training models, increase training opportunities and help assess performance of a task. However, commercial training models for lumbar puncture and epidural procedures are costly. Objective: To assess medical students' and residents' perception of 3-dimensional (3D)-printed lumbar, cervical, and pelvic models for mastering joint injection techniques and to determine the utility of ultrasonography-guided needle procedure training. Methods:...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
We presented a rare case of primary pleural squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) on fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT). It manifested as multiple pleural nodules with moderate 18F-FDG uptake and massive pleural effusion on PET/CT. The pathology result supported the primary squamous cell carcinoma. Our case highlighted the SCC should be included as differential diagnosis of the multiple pleural lesions and other differential diagnosis consisted of mesothelioma, solitary fibrous tumor, metastases. PMID: 32222735 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Hell J Nucl Med Source Type: research
Authors: Stević M, Vlajković M, Veličković F, Stanojević G, Nestorović M, Petrović F Abstract A 69 year old patient was admitted to hospital with massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage. The clinical presentation of the patient, except for bleeding, was dominated by the presence of neurofibromatosis type 1 - Von Recklinghausen disease. The patient was referred to multislice computed tomography (CT) angiography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy, which were performed without successful detection of the bleeding site. The MRI examination showed the existence of a tumor lo...
Source: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Hell J Nucl Med Source Type: research
We present a case of a 79 year old patient with a medical history of unilateral nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy due to a pT3aN0 (Gleason score 7) prostate carcinoma. Because of slightly elevated prostate specific antigen (PSA) level (0.35ng/dL), a fluorine-18-prostate specific membrane antigen (18F-PSMA)-1007 positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scan was performed, showing no signs of malignant recurrence. However, a moderately PSMA-avid nodular lesion was observed in the left occipital region with homogeneous contrast enhancement, suggestive for a meningioma, which was confirmed on magnetic resona...
Source: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Hell J Nucl Med Source Type: research
Authors: Sachpekidis C, Exadaktylou P, Katsampoukas D, Moralidis E, Arsos G Abstract Peritoneal lymphomatosis, defined as the disseminated intraperitoneal lymphomatous infiltration, is a rare presentation usually of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and is associated with aggressive histological subtypes of the malignancy. Recently, the term "peritoneal super scan" has been introduced in positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in a patient with Burkitt lymphoma to describe hypermetabolic lymphomatous involvement of the entire peritoneum, leading to suppression of tracer uptake in organs with otherwis...
Source: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Hell J Nucl Med Source Type: research
Authors: Altini C, Lavelli V, Ruta R, Ferrari C, Nappi AG, Pisani A, Sardaro A, Rubini G Abstract Nuclear Medicine multimodality imaging, such as positron emission tomography/computed tomography PET/CT, refers to metabolic tissue characteristics integrated with anatomical details. Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) is the most diffuse radiopharmaceutical and its application is spreading beyond the area of oncology. The causes of high 18F-FDG uptake that were once considered false positives have been identified and the new knowledge about them led to non-cancerous pathologies that can be studied by 18F-FDG PET...
Source: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Hell J Nucl Med Source Type: research
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