Different unfractionated heparin doses for preventing arterial thrombosis in children undergoing cardiac catheterization.

Different unfractionated heparin doses for preventing arterial thrombosis in children undergoing cardiac catheterization. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 Feb 17;2:CD010196 Authors: Avila ML, Shah PS, Brandão LR Abstract BACKGROUND: The role of cardiac catheterization in pediatrics has progressed significantly over the last two decades, evolving from a primary diagnostic tool to a primary treatment modality in children with congenital heart disease. Vascular complications, particularly arterial thrombosis, are among the most common unwanted post-cardiac catheterization events. In 1974, unfractionated heparin proved to be superior to placebo in decreasing the incidence of arterial thrombosis in pediatric patients. However, the optimal dose of unfractionated heparin to be utilized in this setting remains a matter of controversy. This is an update of the review first published in 2014. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of low-dose (
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

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AbstractThe mortality effects and risk –benefit profile of low dose rivaroxaban (2.5 mg twice daily) in patients with coronary heart disease are not completely understood. Five randomized controlled trials (26,110 patients) were selected using PubMed and Cochrane library till April 2019. The background antiplatelet therapy was aspirin in 3 trials, P2Y12 inhibitor in 1 trial, and in 1 trial 65% patients received aspirin and 35% were on dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). The outcomes of interest were cardiovascular mortality, all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), stroke and major bleeding events. Random ...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundSystemic anticoagulants are widely prescribed for prevention and treatment of thromboembolism, but are commonly complicated by gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB). Limited data exist on the management of anticoagulation after hospitalization for GIB and the subsequent risks of recurrent GIB, thromboembolism, and mortality.MethodsWe performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies to determine risk of recurrent GIB, thromboembolism, and mortality after resuming anticoagulation following GIB. PubMed, EMBASE, and Scopus were searched for randomized controlled trials and cohort studies in patients with ...
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
RARITAN, N.J., March 20, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today that it will unveil late-breaking data from its leading cardiovascular and metabolism portfolio during the virtual American College of Cardiology’s 69th Annual Scientific Session together with the World Congress of Cardiology (ACC.20/WCC) on March 28-30, 2020. Notably, four late-breaking abstracts for XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) will be presented, including data from the Phase 3 VOYAGER PAD study in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization.Click to ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
Background: This meta-analysis is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of bivalirudin in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, CNKI, CBMdisc, and VIP database were searched. Randomized controlled trial (RCT) was selected and the meta-analysis was conducted by RevMan 5.1. The primary efficacy endpoint was the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and the primary safety endpoint was the incidence of major bleeding. Secondary efficacy endpoints were myocardial infarction (MI), target vessel revascularization (TVR), stent thrombosis (ST), stoc...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research
Conclusions: DOAC therapy after TAVR was generally safe and well tolerated. Taken in context of other retrospective studies, these data suggest that the presence of valvular heart disease, specifically TAVR in this case, should not preclude the use of DOACs.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
AbstractThe use of intramuscular injections is widely recommended to be avoided in patients who are prescribed anticoagulant agents, both oral and parenteral due to concerns of haematoma. Benzathine penicillin G (BPG), administered via intramuscular injection, is a vital treatment component for patients with rheumatic heart disease. BPG must be administered long term (for at least a decade) as part of treatment and alternative options to intramuscular injection are currently limited. Many of these patients with rheumatic heart disease will also require long term or lifelong anticoagulation. Our retrospective, single centre...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The 1-year follow-up results showed long-term effectiveness and safety of prasugrel at dosages approved in Japan for the treatment of IHD patients undergoing PCI. PMID: 31748446 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circ J Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend newer generation drug-eluting stents (DES) over bare-metal stents (BMS) in patients with ischemic heart disease. However, there is no age-specific recommendation in elderly patients. METHODS: Meta-analysis was performed of 6 randomized studies enrolling 5,042 elderly patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent implantation (DES, n = 2,579; BMS, n = 2,463). RESULTS: Combined data indicated a significant reduction in major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) with use of DES (odds ratio [OR] 0.56, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.44-0.71, p
Source: Cardiology Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiol J Source Type: research
We present a challenging case of recurrent acute coronary syndrome, in the context of very high thrombotic risk due to concomitant inflammatory disease. Although no general guidelines exist for the switch between antiplatelet agents, particularly in the acute setting, in specific cases, the availability of different orally- and i.v.-acting agents and platelet function tests may allow to discriminate among multiple possible mechanisms of drug failure or side effects in the individual patient. PMID: 31607192 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Platelets - Category: Hematology Tags: Platelets Source Type: research
ConclusionsChildren treated with ECLS present high blood product needs. The main factors related to transfusions were postoperative period, bleeding at the start of ECLS, revision surgery, transthoracic cannulation, and the impossibility of suspending extracorporeal circulation. Children with bleeding suffered greater mortality than the rest of the patients.ResumenObjetivosAnalizar las complicaciones hematológicas y las necesidades transfusionales en niños tratados con oxigenación por membrana extracorpórea (ECMO).DiseñoEstudio retrospectivo.ÁmbitoUnidad de cuidados intensivos pedi...
Source: Medicina Intensiva - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
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