Rice University bioscientist Rosa Uribe wins NSF CAREER Award

(Rice University) Rice University neurodevelopmental biologist Rosa Uribe has won a prestigious CAREER Award from the National Science Foundation to study neural crest cells, specialist stem cells that form the enteric nervous system and also cause neuroblastoma, the third most prevalent form of pediatric cancer in the U.S.
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: news

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Abstract Neuroblastoma (NB), derived from the neural crest (NC), is the most common pediatric extracranial solid tumor. Here, we establish a platform that allows the study of human NBs in mouse-human NC chimeras. Chimeric mice were produced by injecting human NC cells carrying NB relevant oncogenes in utero into gastrulating mouse embryos. The mice developed tumors composed of a heterogenous cell population that resembled that seen in primary NBs of patients but were significantly different from homogeneous tumors formed in xenotransplantation models. The human tumors emerged in immunocompetent hosts and were exte...
Source: Cell Stem Cell - Category: Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Cell Stem Cell Source Type: research
Pheochromocytoma (PCC) and paraganglioma (PGL) are rare neuroendocrine tumors associated with high cardiovascular morbidity and variable risk of malignancy. The current therapy of choice is surgical resection. Nevertheless, PCCs/PGLs are associated with a lifelong risk of tumor persistence or recurrence. A high rate of germline or somatic mutations in numerous genes has been found in these tumors. For some, the tumorigenic processes are initiated during embryogenesis. Such tumors carry gene mutations leading to pseudohypoxic phenotypes and show more immature characteristics than other chromaffin cell tumors; they are also ...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Castellani Gaze Garaventa Pearson Lode To explore the effects of immunotherapy in the International Society of Paediatric Oncology Europe Neuroblastoma Group SIOPEN high-risk neuroblastoma 1 trial (HR-NBL1 trial), two cohorts were studied: one prior to and one after the introduction of dinutuximab beta. All patients received standard induction and high-dose therapy (HDT) with autologous stem cell rescue (ASCR); the local control comprised surgery and radiotherapy to the primary tumour site, followed by isotretinoin. A landmark timepoint of 109 days, resulting from the median time between ASCR and initiatio...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this study, we also compared the cultivation of human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs) on the A. aerophoba chitinous scaffolds, in comparison to chitin structures that were pre-coated with Geltrex™, an extracellular matrix mimetic which is used to enhance iPSC-CM adhesion. The iPSC-CMs on uncoated and pure chitin structures started contracting 24 h after seeding, with comparable behaviour observed on Geltrex-coated cell culture plates, confirming the biocompatibility of the sponge biomaterial with this cell type. The advantage of A. aerophoba is that this source organism does no...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: cfDNA 5-hmC profiles in children with neuroblastoma correlate with metastatic burden and warrants development as a biomarker of treatment response and outcome. PMID: 31852832 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research
This study demonstrates for the first time that senescent cells secrete functional LTs, significantly contributing to the LTs pool known to cause or exacerbate idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Against Senolytics https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/11/against-senolytics/ There is no consensus in science that is so strong as to have no heretics. So here we have an interview with a naysayer on the matter of senolytic treatments, who argues that the loss of senescent cells in aged tissues will cause more harm to long-term health than the damage they will do by remaining. To be clear, I think this to be a ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
The majority of embryonal tumors or childhood blastomas derive from pluripotent progenitors or fetal stem cells that acquire cancer stem cell (CSC) properties: multipotency, self-renewal ability, metastatic potential, chemoresistance, more pronounced levels of drug transporters, enhanced DNA-damage repair mechanisms, and a quiescent state. Neuroblastoma (NB) is considered a neuroendocrine tumor and is the most common extracranial neoplasm in children. NB pathogenesis has frequently been associated with epigenetic dysregulation and a failure to implement a differentiation program. The origin, characteristics, and isolation ...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
, Tuglu MI Abstract We investigated the potential anticancer effects of oleocanthal (OC) on neuroblastoma cells. Cells were divided into four groups: group 1, neuroblastoma cells were treated with OC; group 2, neurons that differentiated from neuroblastoma cells were treated with phosphate-buffered saline(PBS); group 3, bone marrow derived neuronal (BMDN) cells that were differentiated from bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) were treated with OC; group 4, BMDN cells that were differentiated from BMSCs were treated with PBS. Groups 2 and 4 were control groups. The effects of OC on cell viability, o...
Source: Biotechnic and Histochemistry - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biotech Histochem Source Type: research
Authors: Kim KW, Kim JY, Qiao J, Clark RA, Powers CM, Correa H, Chung DH Abstract Neuroblastoma remains one of the most difficult pediatric solid tumors to treat. In particular, the refractory and relapsing neuroblastomas are highly heterogeneous with diverse molecular profiles. We previously demonstrated that AKT2 plays critical roles in the regulation of neuroblastoma tumorigenesis. Here we hypothesize that targeting AKT2 could block the signal transduction pathways enhanced in chemo- and/or radiation-resistant neuroblastoma cancer stem-like cells. We found cell proliferation and survival signaling pathways AKT2/...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
British Journal of Cancer, Published online: 24 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41416-019-0592-5Correction: Long-term outcomes of the GPOH NB97 trial for children with high-risk neuroblastoma comparing high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation and oral chemotherapy as consolidation
Source: British Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
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