Multimorbidity and multiple causes of death in heart failure

ConclusionIn multimorbidity analysis, other cardiovascular diseases had a strong association with HF. However, in multiple causes of death analysis, there was a strong association between kidney disease and HF.
Source: Journal of Public Health - Category: Health Management Source Type: research

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idi E Abstract Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome is a growing health concern, affecting nearly one billion people worldwide; it is an independent cardiovascular risk factor, associated with incident obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, arrhythmias, stroke, coronary artery disease and heart failure. Obstructive sleep apnoea-related cardiovascular and metabolic co-morbidities are a major concern for prognosis and the complexity of obstructive sleep apnoea integrated care. Continuous positive airway pressure, the first-line therapy for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea, is highly effective at improving ...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research
Rapid firing from pulmonary veins (PVs) frequently initiates atrial fibrillation, which is a common comorbidity associated with hypertension, heart failure, and valvular disease, i.e., conditions that pathologically increase cardiomyocyte stretch. Autonomic tone plays a crucial role in PV arrhythmogenesis, while its interplay with myocardium stretch remains uncertain. Two-microelectrode technique was used to characterize electrophysiological response of Wistar rat PV to adrenaline at baseline and under mild (150 mg of applied weight that corresponds to a pulmonary venous pressure of 1 mmHg) and moderate (10 g, ∼26 mmHg...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Abstract Sleep is essential to and an integral part of life and when lacking or disrupted, a multitude of mental and physical pathologies ensue, including cardiovascular (CV) disease, which increase health care costs. Several prospective studies and meta-analyses show that insomnia, short (9h) sleep and other sleep disorders are associated with an increased risk of hypertension, metabolic syndrome, myocardial infarction, heart failure, arrhythmias, CV disease risk and/or mortality. The mechanisms by which insomnia and other sleep disorders lead to increased CV risk may encompass inflammatory, immunological, neuro-...
Source: Current Vascular Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Vasc Pharmacol Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to test if combining antecedent systolic blood pressure (SBP) with traditional risk factors and hypertension-mediated organ damage (HMOD) improves risk stratification for subsequent cardiovascular disease.Materials and methods: 1910 subjects participated in this study. Antecedent SBP was defined as the average of measurements obtained in 1982 and in 1987. Current SBP was obtained in 1993. HMOD were examined in 1993. HMOD was defined as either atherosclerotic plaque(s), increased pulse wave velocity, increased urine albumin creatinine ratio (above the 90th percentile) or left ventricular hype...
Source: Blood Pressure - Category: Hematology Tags: Blood Press Source Type: research
Conclusion: BMI has a nonlinear relationship with 1-year unplanned readmission in patients with myocardial infarction. The 1-year unplanned readmission rate of overweight patients (BMI > 29.3 kg/m2) has increased significantly. Obesity paradox does not exist in terms of readmission of Chinese patients with myocardial infarction after PCI. PMID: 32148951 [PubMed]
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In the German National Cohort, self-reported cardiovascular and metabolic diseases diagnosed by a physician are assessed from all participants, therefore representing a data source for future cardio-metabolic research in this cohort. PMID: 32157352 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz Source Type: research
AbstractAtrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia and its prevalence is expected to further increase. Patients with atrial fibrillation have an increased risk of stroke (fivefold increased risk), heart failure, and death. In patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation, the most recent guidelines recommend the use of the CHA2DS2-VASc (congestive heart failure, arterial hypertension, age  >  75 years, diabetes mellitus, stroke/transient ischemic attack, vascular disease, age 65–74 years, sex category) scoring system to identify those who may benefit from oral anticoagulant treatmen...
Source: Internal and Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Totzeck M, Rassaf T Abstract Cardiotoxic side effects can significantly limit the quality of life and survival of tumor patients under treatment. Acute and chronic effects include hypertension, venous and arterial thromboembolic events, acute and chronic coronary syndromes, heart failure and arrhythmias. Patients with previous cardiovascular diseases are often more frequently affected by side effects. The triggers are not only irradiation and conventional chemotherapy but increasingly also newer forms of cancer treatment. These include targeted therapy and immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI). The goals of o...
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
Conclusion The compliance to guidelines is overall well for patients with hypertension and coronary artery disease, but improvements is needed for patients with type 2 diabetes. Multi-center studies with large-scale data are required to further assess the usage of antihypertensive agents in patients.
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Among cardiovascular trials in the current decade, men still predominate overall, but the representation of women varies with disease and trial characteristics, and has improved in stroke and heart failure trials. PMID: 32065763 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
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