Mutational and expressional alterations of a candidate tumor suppressor HECA gene in gastric and colorectal cancers

Publication date: Available online 17 February 2020Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Hyun Ji Son, Eun Ji Choi, Nam Jin Yoo, Sug Hyung Lee
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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In conclusion, we show that in colon cancer, hypoxia drives macrophages into a pro-inflammatory phenotype, concomitant with increased infiltration of anti-tumor immune cells, favoring better disease outcome.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsHere, we discuss the role of ErbB4 in normal physiology and in breast, lung, colorectal, gastric, pancreatic, prostate, bladder, and brain cancers, as well as in hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, and melanoma. Understanding the role of ErbB4 in cancer is not only important for the treatment of tumors, but also for the treatment of other disorders in which ErbB4 plays a major role, e.g. cardiovascular disease.
Source: Cellular Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Microsatellites are repeats of 1- to 6-bp units, and approximately 10 million microsatellites have been identified across the human genome. Microsatellites are vulnerable to DNA mismatch errors and have thus been used to detect cancers with mismatch repair deficiency. To reveal the mutational landscape of microsatellite repeat regions at the genome level, we analyzed approximately 20.1 billion microsatellites in 2717 whole genomes of pan-cancer samples across 21 tissue types. First, we developed a new insertion and deletion caller (MIMcall) that takes into consideration the error patterns of different types of microsatelli...
Source: Genome Research - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: RESEARCH Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence and development of de novo malignancy (DNM) after liver transplantation (LT) are the major causes of late recipient death. METHODS: We analyzed the incidence of extrahepatic DNM following living donor LT according to the status of pretransplant hepatic malignancy. We selected 2,076 adult patients who underwent primary LDLT during 7 years from January 2010 to December 2016. RESULTS: The pretransplant hepatic malignancy group (n = 1,012) showed 45 cases (4.4%) of the following extrahepatic DNMs: posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD)...
Source: J Korean Med Sci - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
The role of granulocyte colony‑stimulating factor in breast cancer development: A review. Mol Med Rep. 2020 Mar 10;: Authors: Liu L, Liu Y, Yan X, Zhou C, Xiong X Abstract Granulocyte‑colony‑stimulating factor (G‑CSF) is a member of the hematopoietic growth factor family that primarily affects the neutrophil lineage. G‑CSF serves as a powerful mobilizer of peripheral blood stem cells and recombinant human G‑CSF (rhG‑CSF) has been used to treat granulocytopenia and neutropenia after chemotherapy for cancer patients. However, recent studies have found that G‑CSF plays an importa...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Contributor : Yong ZhouSeries Type : Expression profiling by RT-PCROrganism : Homo sapiensGrowing evidence has indicated that LncRNA CYTOR involved in the initiation and progression of malignancy, such as gastric cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, and colorectal cancer. Nevertheless, the mechanisms of CYTOR in the development of metastatic gastric cancer remains unknown. In the current study, the authors clarified the association of CYTOR/miR-103/RAB10 was implicated in cancer metastasis. CYTOR expression evaluated in metastatic gastric cancer biopsies compared to the primary cases. Moreover, CYTOR exp...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by RT-PCR Homo sapiens Source Type: research
To evaluate the expression of immune checkpoint genes, their concordance with expression of IFNγ, and to identify potential novel ICP related genes (ICPRG) in colorectal cancer (CRC), the biological connectivity of six well documented (“classical”) ICPs (CTLA4, PD1, PDL1, Tim3, IDO1, and LAG3) with IFNγ and its co-expressed genes was examined by NGS in 79 CRC/healthy colon tissue pairs. Identification of novel IFNγ- induced molecules with potential ICP activity was also sought. In our study, the six classical ICPs were statistically upregulated and correlated with IFNγ, CD8A, CD8B, CD4, ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This study assesses survival improvement across a decade (2004 –2013) among patients with metastatic gastrointestinal cancers in a real-world setting.MethodsSurveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database was accessed and patients with metastatic gastrointestinal carcinomas who have received any form of systemic therapy were included. Patients were grouped into three cohorts based on the year of diagnosis (cohort-1: 2004 –2006; cohort-2: 2008–2010; cohort-3: 2012–2013). Overall survival was compared among the three cohorts for each disease site using Kaplan-Meier survival estimates.Result...
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Abstract The long noncoding RNA HOTAIRM1 reportedly plays important roles in acute myeloid leukemia, gastric cancer and colorectal cancer. Here, we analyzed potential function of HOTAIRM1 in glioma and asked whether it participates in long-range chromatin interactions. We monitored expression of HOTAIRM1 in glioma tissues and correlated levels with patient survival using the TCGA dataset. HOTAIRM1 was highly expressed in glioma tissue, with high levels associated with shortened patient survival time. We then suppressed HOTAIRM1 activity in the human glioblastoma U251 line using CRISPR-cas9 to knock in a truncating...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a group of non–protein-coding transcripts exceeding 200 nucleotides in length, which are emerging as key players in various fundamental biological processes. Furthermore, it is increasingly recognized that mutation and dysregulation of lncRNAs contribute importantly to a variety of human diseases, particularly human cancers. Previous studies have revealed that altered lncRNAs have a close association with tumorigenesis, metastasis, prognosis and diagnosis of cancers. The present review aims to exhibit a brief overview of the associated reports of lncRNAs in cancers, including colorec...
Source: Anti-Cancer Drugs - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
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