Active Shooter Drills at School: How to Do Them Right

Threats to school-aged children are not new. From the 1940s through the 1980s, children in primary schools participated in bombing preparation drills, in case their school came under a bombing attack. After the mass shooting at Columbine by a pair of disaffected youth, the drills shifted from bombing to active shooter. No longer did children sit in the hallway with their heads between their knees. Instead, teens and kids were taught how to lock the classroom door and shelter in place. Unfortunately for too many children these days, well-meaning school administrators have taken it upon themselves to make an active shooter drill more “real,” sometimes by even using prop weapons. These efforts are misguided, and at worst, instill a sense of dread and anxiety in children who look for their school to provide a safe learning environment. When I was growing up in the 1970s, I vividly remember the bomb drills (“duck-and-cover” drills as they were called) in my elementary and middle schools. Because America was in the depths of a cold war with the USSR, they were actually for the threat of a nuclear missile, not a conventional bomb as they had been in the 1940s and 1950s. As though putting our heads between our knees and remaining quiet for 2 minutes would somehow stop the radiation. More than anything else, these drills were a placebo, meant to alleviate the anxiety of the children’s parents and school teachers. Children don’t worry about nuclear ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Children and Teens Mental Health and Wellness Psychology Research Students Trauma Violence and Aggression active shooter Childhood Trauma intruder drill school crisis School Shooting Source Type: blogs

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ConclusionsBreast-milk GC rhythmicity at 1 month postpartum was not associated with infant behavior or sleep at the age of 3 months. Findings from previous studies linking breast-milk cortisol to infant neurodevelopment might be biased by the lack of GC measurements across the full diurnal cycle, and should therefore be interpreted with caution.
Source: Endocrine - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
(CBS Local) — Americans stressed out by the coronavirus outbreak are finding out that sleep is not necessarily a time for relaxation or peace of mind. Many people are taking to social media to comment on the phenomenon known as “pandemic dreams.” In my dream, I called an Uber, but a hearse showed up instead. Not liking these #pandemicdreams — Sarah Schachner (@SarahSchachner) March 23, 2020 They are reporting vivid, often strange and sometimes terrifying dreams involving fear of death, threats against loved ones and anxiety associated with self-quarantining. Stay-at-home orders are forcing millio...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Offbeat Coronavirus Local TV talkers Source Type: news
ConclusionsClinical routine should focus on the individual ’s physiological state, including pre‐existing neuropathic pain and sleep quality to identify patients early who might be at risk to develop chronic post‐surgical neuropathic pain.
Source: European Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe prevalence and impact of medical comorbidity on PROs are very high in patients with PsA.
Source: Rheumatology and Therapy - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Background: Previous studies have indicated that non-motor symptoms are primary problems in focal dystonia, but limited data are available about non-motor problems and their correlation with motor severity in generalized dystonia (GD).Methods: In the present study, we performed a case-control study and enrolled isolated inherited or idiopathic GD patients and age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HC). Clinical characteristics, motor symptoms, non-motor problems, including psychiatric co-morbidity, sleep problems, fatigue, and quality of life (QoL) were assessed in both groups using various rating scales and assessments.Re...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
For weeks, Roberta Brivio’s phone has been ringing several times an hour. “I can’t even find the time to eat,” she says from her office in Melegnano, south of Milan. A 74-year-old psychologist living in Lombardy, Brivio is the president of the local branch of the Italian Society for Emergency Psychology. Italy has the world’s highest death toll from COVID-19, with more than 16,000 coronavirus-related deaths so far; more than half of those deaths have been in the northern region of Lombardy. In early March, after Italy’s COVID-19 outbreak flared up near her home, Brivio and four colleague...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 feature Londontime Source Type: news
The hypothalamus–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis acts to release cortisol into the blood stream, as cortisol calls the body into action to combat stress. When high amounts of cortisol interact with the hypothalamus, the HPA axis will slow down its activity. The amygdala detects stress, while the prefrontal cortex regulates our reactions to stress. Source: Bezdek K and Telzer E (2017) Have No Fear, the Brain is Here! How Your Brain Responds to Stress. Front. Young Minds. 5:71. doi: 10.3389/frym.2017.00071 _______ [Editor’s note: Continued from yesterday’s Exploring the human brain and how it responds to...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness #WorldHealthDay brain burnout cognition Cortisol GAS General Adaptation Syndrome homeostasis memory neurobiology neurological exhaustion Stress Source Type: blogs
Experiencing insomnia during the pandemic? Stress dreams? This expert advice is for you.
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Abstract Depression and anxiety are commonly associated with synucleinopathies. Mood disturbances have also been reported in patients with idiopathic REM sleep behaviour disorder (iRBD) and are difficult to treat due to exacerbation of sleep symptoms with standard antidepressants. Despite this, detailed prevalence studies of mood symptomatology and contributors to mood disturbances in iRBD are limited. Mood, sleep, autonomic, cognitive and motor symptoms were assessed in 49 well-characterized patients with iRBD using a variety of clinical scales. Spearman correlations, factor analysis and multiple linear regressio...
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: J Sleep Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In CPAP-naïve people with OSA, high-certainty evidence indicates that behavioural interventions yield a clinically-significant increase in hourly device usage when compared with usual care. Moderate certainty evidence shows that supportive interventions increase usage modestly. Very low-certainty evidence shows that educational and mixed interventions may modestly increase CPAP usage. The impact of improved CPAP usage on daytime sleepiness, quality of life, and mood and anxiety scores remains unclear since these outcomes were not assessed in the majority of included studies. Studies addressing the choice ...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
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