Sacral Insufficiency Fractures: a Review of Risk Factors, Clinical Presentation, and Management

AbstractPurpose of the ReviewSacral insufficiency fractures (SIF) are a common and often underdiagnosed source of low back pain. In patients with SIF, there is both a compromised sacroiliac joint and weakened sacrum, resulting in decreased resistance to torsional stress, leading to fracture. While conservative medical management is a safe option, minimally invasive intervention may provide improved short and long-term relief of low back pain in patients presenting with SIF. This comprehensive review is undertaken to provide an update to the current understanding of SIF with description of risk factors, clinical presentation, and management.Recent FindingsSacroplasty is a minimally invasive procedure in which polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) cement is inserted into bone to improve its structural integrity and alleviate symptoms. Balloon sacroplasty (BSP) has also been successful in alleviating pain with minimal cement leakage in SIF patients. Various other interventional techniques, including navigation-assisted screw fixation have been used to address SIF and have shown improvement in pain with minimal side effects.SummaryThis review included various modalities of treatments available to manage SIF. This review shows that in comparison with nonsurgical management, sacroplasty has been shown to have greater pain reduction and improved mobility.
Source: Current Pain and Headache Reports - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Recently, clinicians have been using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for treating various pain conditions. This systematic narrative review aimed to examine the use and efficacy of rTMS for controlling various pain conditions. A PubMed search was conducted for articles that were published until June 7, 2019 and used rTMS for pain alleviation. The key search phrase for identifying potentially relevant articles was (repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation AND pain). The following inclusion criteria were applied for article selection: (1) patients with pain, (2) rTMS was applied for pain management, a...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience in many diseases and is often caused by intense or damaging stimuli. Pain negatively affects the quality of life and increases high health expenditures. Drugs with analgesic properties are commonly used to relieve pain, but these Western medications could be overwhelmed by side effects including tolerance and addiction. Herbal medicines may provide alternative measures for pain management. In this review paper, after introduction of Chinese medicine theory and treatment modality, emphasis is placed on the application of Chinese herbs and herbal formul...
Source: The American Journal of Chinese Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Chin Med Source Type: research
Abstract Chronic pain is a highly prevalent and complex health problem that is associated with a heavy symptom burden, substantial economic and social impact, and also, very few highly effective treatments. This review examines evidence for the efficacy and safety of magnesium in chronic pain. The previously published protocol for this review was registered in International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO), MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) databases were searched until September 2018. We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing magnesi...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anesth Analg Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a multimodal approach to treating chronic low back pain.Recent FindingsChronic non-cancer-related back pain is often a frustrating and poorly managed problem for patients. It poses a significant public health issue worsened by the widespread use of narcotics. In 2016, the CDC released guidelines with noticeably more strict recommendations on prescription of narcotics for pain.SummaryVeterans at an interventional pain clinic presenting with chronic back pain refractory to medical and to surgical care were enrolled in an 8-week interdiscip...
Source: Current Pain and Headache Reports - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsAustralian chiropractors frequently manage LBRLP, although the nature of specific management approaches for this condition remains unclear. Further research on the management of LBRLP can better inform policy makers and educators interested in upskilling chiropractors to deliver safe and effective treatment of LBRLP.
Source: Chiropractic and Manual Therapies - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Pain is a complex multidimensional issue compromised of physical, biochemical, neurological, nutritional, and psychosocial-spiritual components. Primary medical treatments to date habitually treat pain with pharmacologic management as first line of care, yet chronic pain management metrics have not improved. As opioid medications have recently come under intense scrutiny, certain integrative therapies such as acupuncture are now being recognized as effective for many chronic non-malignant pain syndromes, such as chronic headache and chronic low back pain.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionFixed dose combination of chlorzoxazone and ibuprofen demonstrated superior efficacy than ibuprofen monotherapy in acute low back pain. Both drugs were well-tolerated and should be considered as judicious therapeutic options in patients with acute low back pain.Trial RegistrationThis trial is registered with Clinical Trial Registry of India —CTRI/2016/10/007348.FundingDr. Reddy ’s Laboratories Ltd.
Source: Pain and Therapy - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Chronic pain is a major source of suffering. It interferes with daily functioning and often is accompanied by distress. Yet, in the International Classification of Diseases, chronic pain diagnoses are not represented systematically. The lack of appropriate codes renders accurate epidemiological investigations difficult and impedes health policy decisions regarding chronic pain such as adequate financing of access to multimodal pain management. In cooperation with the WHO, an IASP Working Group has developed a classification system that is applicable in a wide range of contexts, including pain medicine, primary care, and lo...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Narrative Review Source Type: research
​BY DILEM POLAT &KHALID MALIK, MDA 50-year-old man with hypertension presented to the emergency department with an exacerbation of his lower back and perianal pain that he had had for two weeks, with a new onset of active fecal draining and difficulty urinating for four hours. He said he had no headache, nausea, vomiting, weakness, fatigue, fever, and chills, and all other reviews of systems were negative.His temperature was 98.5°F, blood pressure was 108/57 mm Hg, pulse rate was 113 bpm, respiratory rate was 20 bpm, and oxygen saturation was 97% on room air. His abdomen was soft, mildly distended, and not tender...
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
If you are one of the more than 100 million Americans suffering with chronic pain, you know how desperate you can get searching for relief. For constant or chronic pain, sometimes knowing that you can only get temporary relief from medications sits at the back of your brain and sets up pain anticipation. Shouldn’t there be a better way, an approach or approaches that don’t rely on pharmaceutical drugs to combat pain? According to new research, there are some new pain relief methods that look very promising to do just that. Treatment from Strangers Mat Provide Unexpected Pain Relief It may seem counter-intuitiv...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Chronic Pain Health-related Mental Health and Wellness Mindfulness Psychology Research Treatment Source Type: blogs
More News: Back Pain | Headache | Low Back Pain | Migraine | Neurology | Orthopaedics | Pain | Pain Management